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Decision-Focused Product Development Process Improvements
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED'09), Vol. 1: Design Processes / [ed] Norell Bergendahl, M.; Grimheden, M.; Leifer, L.; Skogstad, P.; Lindemann, U., 2009, p. 37-48Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Currently, there is little or no methodology or methods available to "process improvers" in product development which focus on decision-making fundamentals in order to improve the performance of decision-making within the product development process. In order to support product development process improvements, it is important to develop knowledge about how the collaborative decisionmaking process can be viewed holistically and include its relation to performance aspects. The objective of this research is to investigate what elements characterize a collaborative decisionmaking system and what enables the management of the system. The research investigates these two aspects through a literature review and a case study at a large Swedish company. A Rich Picture is developed in order to clarify the relationship between fundamental decision-making aspects, performance, the process levels, and the product development organization. The descriptive case study identifies what actors consider to affect collaborative decision-making and exposes the competencies needed in order to manage the collaborative decision-making process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. p. 37-48
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-9130ISI: 000301952000004ISBN: 978-1-904670-05-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-9130DiVA, id: diva2:301703
Conference
17th International Conference on Engineering Design Location: Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA Date: AUG 24-27, 2009
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production researchAvailable from: 2010-03-03 Created: 2010-03-03 Last updated: 2013-08-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Coping with decisions on deviations in complex product development projects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coping with decisions on deviations in complex product development projects
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A strong need for resource efficiency within manufacturing companies have been driven extensively through pro-active planning and methods which have naturally resulted in an increased amount of strong couplings between product development projects, their activities, and resources. These strong couplings mean a high level of complexity where deviations are likely to occur on a regular basis which can spread quickly and have far reaching consequences. Praxis related to treatment of such deviations in product development projects has not been widely discussed. The subsequent question is therefore How are decisions on managing deviations made in practice?

A Practice approach has been adopted in this research and led on to the use of context sensitive research methods in order to collect relevant data. The main amount of data has been gathered through one year of participant observations and document retrieval in a product development project. Also, a large amount of interviews have been used as a method for collecting data.

38 deviations have been analysed through the identification of praxis which has been primarily analysed by three theories. The first theory, decision roles, has been used to clarify the different types of uncertainties people within complex product development projects need to manage in practice. The second theory, loosely coupled systems, shows how temporary organizing by loose couplings enables parallel management of both planned and unplanned activities when deviations occur. The third theory, Sensemaking, have been used to characterise processes related to different types of uncertainties.

Conclusions are drawn regarding how people acts related to deviations are directly dependent on the types of uncertainties of the context as well as the situation itself. Uncertainties regarding choices, responsibilities, mobilization, and legitimization combined with the temporary organization leads to certain praxis patterns. The patterns can be used by project managers and other decision makers as a way of discussing temporary organization and how process emerge within the organization today, and how they would like resulting processes to be managed when deviations occur.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2012
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 112
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-13224 (URN)978-91-7485-049-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-01-20, Raspen, Smedjegatan 37, Mälardalens högskola, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Available from: 2011-10-31 Created: 2011-10-31 Last updated: 2012-12-21Bibliographically approved
2. Collaborative Product Development: A collaborative decision-making approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaborative Product Development: A collaborative decision-making approach
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalens Högskola, 2009. p. 129
Series
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 99
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-5616 (URN)978-91-86135-16-4 (ISBN)
Presentation
2009-01-30, Filen, Smedjegatan 37, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-03-18 Created: 2009-03-18 Last updated: 2013-08-27Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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