mdh.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Increased renewable electricity production in combined heat and power plants by introducing ethanol production
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling. (PRO)
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling. (PRO)
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling. (PRO)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0300-0762
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling. (PRO)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3485-5440
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2009 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The development towards high energy efficiency and low environmental impact by humaninteractions, has led to a change in many levels of society. Due to the introduction of penalties oncarbon dioxide emissions and other economic instruments, the energy industry is striving towardsenergy efficiency improvement and climate mitigation by switching from fossil to renewablefuels. Biomass-based combined heat and power (CHP) plants connected to district heatingnetworks have a need to find uses for excess heat to produce electricity during summer when theheat demand is low. On the other hand, the transport sector is contributing substantially to theincreased CO2 emissions, which have to be reduced. One promising alternative to address the twochallenging issues is the integration of vehicle fuel production with biomass based CHP plants. Inthis paper, the configuration and operation profits in terms of electricity, heat and ethanol fuelfrom cellulosic biomass are presented. A case study of a commercial small-scale CHP plant hasbeen carried out using simulation and modeling tools. The results clearly show that electricityproduction can be increased when CHP production is integrated with cellulosic ethanolproduction. The findings presented also show that the economical benefits of the energy systemcan be realized with near-term commercially available technology

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2009.
Nationell ämneskategori
Energiteknik
Forskningsämne
energi- och miljöteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-7515OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-7515DiVA, id: diva2:277561
Konferens
International Conference of Applied Energy, Hong Kong, 5-7 January, 2009
Projekt
PolygenerationTillgänglig från: 2009-11-19 Skapad: 2009-11-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Improving the performance of combined heat and power plants through integration with cellulosic ethanol production
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Improving the performance of combined heat and power plants through integration with cellulosic ethanol production
2011 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Today’s biomass-fired combined heat and power (CHP) plants have surplus heat production capacity during warmer times of the year. In order to allow them to increase their electricity production, it is essential to find a use for the surplus heat.

Additionally, the transport sector is struggling with high fuel prices and the contribution of CO2 emissions to global warming. A promising way of reducing the negative effects caused by combustion of fossil fuels in the transport sector is to mix ethanol with gasoline, or to use pure ethanol in modified engines. Ethanol is produced by fermentation at low temperatures and the production process could be integrated with CHP plants.

The first generation of ethanol production as fuel has recently been criticized for competing with food crops and for its production chain being a larger polluter than was first thought. The second generation of ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials offers very promising results, but this process has several steps that are energy demanding.

This thesis presents the findings of research on the configuration of a CHP plant with an integrated second generation ethanol production process. It also presents the operational economics and optimal locations for such plants in Sweden. Two case studies were performed to compare different feedstocks for ethanol production.

The results show that when electricity prices are high, CHP plants benefit from heat consumption. Even with low yields in an ethanol production process, the integrated plant can be profitable. The plant must be located where there is sufficient heat demand. A cellulosic ethanol production process can work as a heat sink with profitable outcomes even with the current state of development of cellulosic ethanol technology.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2011
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 130
Nyckelord
Combined heat and power, Polygeneration, biofuel, bioenergy
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Forskningsämne
energi- och miljöteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-12070 (URN)978-91-7485-009-3 (ISBN)
Presentation
2011-05-27, Kappa, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 09:10 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2011-04-05 Skapad: 2011-04-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-04-14Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Personposter BETA

Yan, JinuyeThorin, EvaDotzauer, Erik

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Starfelt, FredrikDaianova, LiliaYan, JinuyeThorin, EvaDotzauer, Erik
Av organisationen
Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling
Energiteknik

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

urn-nbn
Totalt: 162 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf