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Circular Business Models for the Electric Vehicle Battery Second Life: Navigating Battery Ecosystem Actors Towards Circularity
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7512-4425
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7233-6916
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4521-4742
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2314-3357
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2024 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The electrification of vehicles has become a critical means to achieve climate-neutral transportation. As more electric vehicles (EV) are adopted, an increasing number of lithiumion batteries will be utilized, inevitably experiencing capacity degradation over time. Retaining the value of these retired batteries through remanufacturing, reusing, and repurposing to create a second life holds significant environmental and economic benefits. However, many companies within the battery ecosystem struggle to capitalize on this opportunity due to a lack of business insight and suitable business models tailored to their operational contexts.

The ReCreate (Second Life Management of Electric Vehicle Batteries) research project was initiated to address these industrial needs through close collaboration with selected companies in the battery ecosystem. The project aims to define appropriate circular business models, methods, and processes to guide battery ecosystem actors in developing and implementing electric vehicle battery second life solutions, thereby advancing circularity around batteries and climate-neutral objectives. 

This handbook represents the culmination of three years of research within the ReCreate project. Its purpose is to present a simplified and practical overview of project outcomes across a series of key chapters. Comprising six chapters, the handbook will begin by discussing barriers and enablers, followed by circular business models and battery ecosystem management. It will then delve into design principles and performance monitoring guidelines, concluding with an integrated framework for second life and circular solutions for EV batteries. 

Each chapter briefly presents the main findings of the theme and concludes with discussion questions. The discussion questions include suggestions for relevant templates for workshops, and all templates are conveniently provided in the appendix for practical application. These templates serve as boundary objects, offering a starting point for internal and external cross-functional and cross-organizational dialogues within the electric vehicle battery ecosystem. They facilitate discussions and collaborations among various stakeholders, fostering alignment and synergy in developing circular business models for the second life of EV batteries.  

By facilitating reflection on current business strategies, needs, and pain points, the handbook aims to aid in the definition of future second life business strategies. We anticipate that this handbook will serve as a valuable resource for actors within the EV battery ecosystem, supporting their journey towards climate-neutral transportation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalens universitet, 2024.
National Category
Business Administration Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-66332ISBN: 978-91-7485-642-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-66332DiVA, id: diva2:1848028
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production researchKnowledge Foundation
Note

Design and layout by Andreea Strineholm

Available from: 2024-04-02 Created: 2024-04-02 Last updated: 2024-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Chirumalla, KoteshwarDahlquist, ErikKulkov, IgnatJohansson, GlennStefan, IoanaShabani, MasoumeToorajipour, RezaÅkesson, JennieWallin, Fredrik

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Chirumalla, KoteshwarDahlquist, ErikKulkov, IgnatJohansson, GlennStefan, IoanaShabani, MasoumeToorajipour, RezaÅkesson, JennieWallin, Fredrik
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Innovation and Product RealisationFuture Energy Center
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