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Enabling battery circularity: Unlocking circular business model archetypes and collaboration forms in the electric vehicle battery ecosystem
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7512-4425
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4521-4742
Division of Business Administration and Industrial Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7233-6916
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2024 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 199, article id 123044Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Achieving battery circularity is crucial for meeting the targets of net-zero emission vehicles by 2030 and enabling climate-neutral transportation by 2050. To facilitate this transition, firms operating in the electric vehicle (EV) battery ecosystem must reassess their value creation, capture, and delivery methods. Although EV battery second life presents a promising solution for circularity, many vehicle manufacturers and stakeholders in the battery ecosystem struggle to adapt their organizations internally and externally due to a lack of insights into suitable circular business models. The purpose of this study is to identify viable archetypes of circular business models for EV battery second life and examine their implications on company collaborations within the EV battery ecosystem. Three main archetypes of circular business models are identified (i.e., extending, sharing, and looping business models) and further divided into eight sub-archetypes. These models are elucidated in terms of key business model dimensions, including value proposition, value co-creation, value delivery, and value capture. The paper provides visual representations of the necessary interactions and collaborations among companies in the EV battery ecosystem to effectively implement the proposed business model archetypes. This research contributes to the theory of circular business models in general, with specific relevance to EV battery circularity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Inc. , 2024. Vol. 199, article id 123044
Keywords [en]
Battery second life, Business model innovation, Circular economy, Climate neutrality, EV batteries, Second life applications, Climate models, Electric vehicles, Secondary batteries, Business models, Electric vehicle batteries, Second Life, Second life application, Value delivery, business development, electric vehicle, emission control, environmental policy, innovation, theoretical study, Ecosystems
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-65148DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2023.123044ISI: 001132740900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85179128201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-65148DiVA, id: diva2:1821881
Available from: 2023-12-21 Created: 2023-12-21 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Chirumalla, KoteshwarKulkov, IgnatDahlquist, ErikStefan, Ioana

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