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Struggling with frightening experiences in a transformed reality: A mixed methods study of healthcare workers’ experiences during the pandemic.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6512-849x
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6292-7010
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9714-577X
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3965-1666
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2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact health care workers’ (HCWs’) mental health. Research show that psychological distress and hard challenges abide with strong commitment to contribute. Yet, in-depth understanding of HCWs’ experiences of the changed caring reality during the pandemic is missing. Mixed methods research (MMR) accommodates several features apart from employing either quantitative or qualitative methods. This presentation focuses on examples from the 13-step mixed method by Leech and Onwuegbuzie.

Methods: 97 HCWs in one hard-hit region in Sweden answered a web-based questionnaire measuring symptoms of stress (using DSM-5 criteria for post-traumatic stress syndrome, PTSD) in relation to perceived sense of coherence (SOC-scale) and self-compassion (SCS) as well as HCWs’ experiences. First, qualitative data (experiences of the pandemic) was analyzed by qualitative content analysis, then quantitative data (associations between PTSD and SOC/SCS) were analyzed with linear regression adjusted for covariates. Thirdly, a synthesis, the meta-inference of qualitative and quantitative data, explained a new comprehensive understanding. 

Results: By analyzing the categories and subcategories from the qualitative analysis in relation to symtoms of stress and SOC/SCS, a synthesis emerged. This was undertaken by merging and comparing the findings and discussing the new comprehensive understanding. Finally, to fully outline the mixed methods approach, qualitative and quantitative data were synthesized into a new comprehensive whole, a meta inference. 

Conclusion: This study moves away from dichotomic traditions between qualitative or quantitative approaches. By broadening the methodological departure this study may provide a new comprehensive understanding and contribute to enhance quality in MMR. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
Keywords [en]
Stress, vårdande, sjuksköterskor, COVID-19, akutsjukvård, lidande, trauma
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Care Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-65059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-65059DiVA, id: diva2:1821642
Conference
Nordic Conference in Nursing Research, Reykjavik, 2023
Projects
nurses’ lived experiences focusing on the meaning of stress and caring in hospital emergency settings during the COVID-19 pandemic.Available from: 2023-12-20 Created: 2023-12-20 Last updated: 2023-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Carnesten, Hillewivon Heideken Wågert, PetraWiklund, LenaToivanen, SusannaSkoglund, KarinAndreae, Christina

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Carnesten, Hillewivon Heideken Wågert, PetraWiklund, LenaToivanen, SusannaSkoglund, KarinAndreae, ChristinaJaarsma, Tiny
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