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DELAKTIGHET PÅ ARBETSPLATSER: En kvantitativ studie om sjuksköterskors och undersköterskors delaktighet på arbetsplatser
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Arbetsmiljö och delaktighet anses vara viktiga faktorer för individens hälsa. Över tid har sjuksköterskors och undersköterskors arbetsmiljö förändrats vilket gett upphov till mindre delaktighet på arbetet och mindre förtroende för organisationen.  

Syfte: Syftet är att undersöka delaktighet på arbetsplatser bland sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor som arbetar på sjukhus. Studien avser även undersöka om det finns några skillnader mellan sjuksköterskors och undersköterskors delaktighet.  

Metod: I denna studie användes en kvantitativ metod med tvärsnittsdesign där data samlades in genom en digital enkät. Urvalet bestod av cirka 300 medarbetare på sjukhus och 76 deltog i undersökningen genom att besvara enkäten. Data analyserades i SPSS genom frekvenstabeller och skillnader fastställdes genom Chi-2-test.   

Huvudresultat: Både undersköterskor och sjuksköterskor upplevde delaktighet på sina arbetsplatser. Resultatet visade även att undersköterskor upplevde mer delaktighet än sjuksköterskor. Dock saknade resultatet statistisk signifikans.  

Slutsatser: I föreliggande studie har det framkommit att delaktighet på arbetsplatser upplevs positivt för målgruppen. Det som däremot var märkbart var att både sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor i högre grad upplevde att de inte kunde påverka arbetstempot. Vidare upplevde undersköterskor en mer rättvis fördelning av arbetsuppgifter i jämförelse med sjuksköterskor och hälften av båda yrkeskategorierna ville ha mer inflytande på arbetsuppgifterna.  

Abstract [en]

Background: Work environment and participation are considered important factors for the individual's health. Over time, nurses' and assistant nurses' work environment has changed, which has given rise to less participation in the work and less trust in the organization.

Aim: The purpose is to investigate workplace participation among nurses and assistant nurses who work in hospitals. The study also aims to investigate whether there are any differences between the participation of nurses and assistant nurses.

Method: This study used a quantitative method with a cross-sectional design where data was collected using a digital survey. The sample consisted of approximately 300 hospital employees and 76 participated in the survey by answering the questionnaire. Data were analyzed in SPSS by frequency tables and differences were determined by Chi-2 test.

Main results: Both assistant nurses and nurses experienced participation in workplaces. The results also showed that assistant nurses experienced more participation than nurses. However, the result lacked statistical significance.

Conclusions: In the present study, it has emerged that participation in workplaces is experienced positively by the target group. What was noticeable, however, was that both nurses and assistant nurses felt to a greater degree that they could not influence the pace of work. Furthermore, assistant nurses experienced a fairer distribution of tasks compared to nurses, and half of both professional categories wanted to have more influence on tasks. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
Keywords [en]
assistant nurses, health, nurses, participation, work environment.
Keywords [sv]
arbetsmiljö, delaktighet, hälsa, sjuksköterskor, undersköterskor.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-63289OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-63289DiVA, id: diva2:1768565
Subject / course
Science of Public Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-06-20 Created: 2023-06-15 Last updated: 2023-06-20Bibliographically approved

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