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Entrusting life to professionals: Older persons’ lived experience of participation in prehospital emergency care involving municipal home care and ambulance services.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5758-7610
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3068-5384
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3307-6779
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0242-0343
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-62231OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-62231DiVA, id: diva2:1751129
Available from: 2023-04-17 Created: 2023-04-17 Last updated: 2023-04-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Being provided with a safe haven: Care-dependent older persons' participation in prehospital emergency care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Being provided with a safe haven: Care-dependent older persons' participation in prehospital emergency care
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Participation in care is a key concept in many welfare societies and serves to guide clinical practice and adapt care to personal preferences and needs in order to promote well-being and quality of life. Previous research has shown that practicing participation in care is complex due to the concept not being clearly defined. A significant risk is, therefore, that participation in care is practiced based on the professional caregivers' own definitions, which might be inconsistent with the cared-for persons' perceptions of what participation is.

Older persons can continue to live in their own homes with the support of municipal home care services that meet everyday care needs. Care-dependent older persons are known to have increased emergency care needs, which in Sweden require inter-organizational and inter-professional collaboration involving a care transfer between welfare levels. This thesis aimed to deepen the understanding of care-dependent older persons' participation in prehospital emergency care from lifeworld and welfare perspectives. The inductive design was based on a lifeworld approach and included triangulation of the phenomenon of participation in care using descriptive, interpretative, and comparative methods.

From the perspective of care-dependent older persons, participation in prehospital emergency care means a forced transfer of life responsibility to professional caregivers when being existentially unsafe and incapacitated due to acute illness. Through authorized representation, the professional caregivers act for the older person, with the power to bring about change and create opportunities for existence. Care-dependent older persons' participation in prehospital emergency care involves a deepened dependence that necessitates coexistence and being provided with a 'safe haven' through the entire emergency care chain. A 'safe haven' can be understood as an unconditional, calm, and sheltered interpersonal space for emotional rest that is provided to the older person during an existentially challenging situation. From the perspective of care-dependent older persons, the emergency care chain transcends organizational boundaries and includes mobile safety alarm services and emergency department attendance.

The involved professionals must be supported in practicing participation in care based on a comprehensive understanding of the concept, and emergency care options must be aligned with the care-dependent older persons' need for coordinated and continuous care. Collaborative challenges related to unstructured collaboration and professional hierarchy need to be addressed to support well-functioning collaboration in situations involving acutely ill older persons. The involved organizations need to recognize care-dependent older persons'  deepened dependence when acutely ill, as well as their extended view of the prehospital emergency care chain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalens universitet, 2023
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 381
Keywords
Acute illness; Ambulance care; Collaborative care; Municipal home care; Older persons; Participation in care; Prehospital emergency care
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Care Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-62228 (URN)978-91-7485-593-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-06-16, Gamma och digitalt via zoom, Mälardalens universitet, Västerås, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-04-18 Created: 2023-04-17 Last updated: 2023-05-26Bibliographically approved

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Hjalmarsson, AnnaÖstlund, GunnelAsp, MargaretaKerstis, BirgittaHolmberg, Mats

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