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A review of solar thermal cooling technologies in selected Middle East and North African countries
Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering Department, Birzeit University, Palestine.
Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering & Information Technology, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering & Information Technology, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
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2022 (English)In: Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, ISSN 2213-1388, E-ISSN 2213-1396, Vol. 54, article id 102871Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cooling loads are a substantial part of the total electricity demands of countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Fortunately, because of its warm and sunny climate, the MENA region is naturally suited to solar cooling technologies. This article summarizes the most recent research and developments in solar thermal cooling technologies. The working principles and a general literature survey of solar thermal cooling technologies including absorption, adsorption, and desiccant is presented. This is followed by a summary of the literature specific to the MENA region, along with a survey of the prototypes and commercial installation of solar cooling across the MENA region. Based on this review, pilot solar cooling projects in the region are around 1180 kWc, which are split between space conditioning and industrial refrigeration applications. Most of the pilot projects are of absorption cooling type using an ammonia–water binary cycle and parabolic trough solar collectors. However, a few adsorption cooling systems are employed with a water–silica working pair and flat plate collectors. Finally, desiccant cooling systems are still in their infancy, as research and experimental systems in educational institutes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2022. Vol. 54, article id 102871
Keywords [en]
Absorption cycles, Adsorption cycles, Desiccant cooling systems, MENA countries, Solar cooling, Absorption cooling, Adsorption, Ammonia, Ammonium hydroxide, Driers (materials), Silica gel, Solar collectors, Solar heating, Solar thermal energy, Surveys, Thermoelectric equipment, Water absorption, Adsorption cycle, Cooling technology, Middle East, Middle East and North Africa, Middle east and north africa country, Solar thermal, Thermal cooling, Cooling systems
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-61065DOI: 10.1016/j.seta.2022.102871ISI: 000898686300004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85141915096OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-61065DiVA, id: diva2:1714622
Available from: 2022-11-30 Created: 2022-11-30 Last updated: 2023-01-11Bibliographically approved

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