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Omvårdnadsinterventioner för att minska barns oro i perioperativ vård: En litteraturstudie
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Perioperativ oro hos barn förekommer hos upp uppemot sextio procent av alla barn som genomgår anestesi. Oron kan påverkas utifrån livssituation, fantasier, tankar och tidigare upplevelser i samband med sjukhusvård. Genom att kartlägga omvårdnadsinterventioner som minskar perioperativ oro hos barn, kan det förhoppningsvis bidra till en reflektion kring vård av barn i perioperativ miljö. Syfte: Att kartlägga omvårdnadsinterventioner som anestesisjuksköterskan kan använda sig av för att minska barns upplevelser av oro i samband med perioperativ vård. Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats. Tjugofem artiklar analyserades med hjälp av Whittemore & Knafls (2005) analysmetod. Resultat: Att i den perioperativa vården använda omvårdnadsinterventioner för att minska barns oro är av stor vikt. Genom att låta barn bekanta sig med vårdmiljön eller låta dem distraheras med spel eller musik gav förutsättningar för att minska deras oro. Slutsats: Ett flertal omvårdnadsinterventioner har identifierats kunna minska barns upplevelse av perioperativ oro. Barn är individer och omvårdnadsinterventionerna behöver anpassas utifrån barnets aktuella behov och situation.

Abstract [en]

Background: Perioperative anxiety in children occurs in sixty percent of all children who undergoes anaesthesia. Anxiety can be affected by lives situations, fantasies, thoughts and earlier experiences from hospital care. By mapping nursing interventions that reduce perioperative anxiety in children, it can hopefully contribute to a reflection on he care of children in perioperative environments. Purpose: To map nursing interventions that the anaesthetic nurse can use to contribute to children's experience of reduced anxiety associated with perioperative care. Method: Descriptive literature study with an inductive approach. Twenty five articles were analysed using Whittemore & Knafl`s (2005) method of analysis. Results: Using nursing interventions in perioperative care to reduce children's concerns is of great importance. By letting children get acquainted with the care environment or letting them be distracted by games or music provided conditions to reduce their worries. Conclusion: A number of nursing interventions have been identified to reduce children's experience of perioperative anxiety. Children are individuals and nursing interventions need to be adapted based on the child's current needs and situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 54
Keywords [en]
Anaesthesia, nurse-patient relationships, perioperative care, perioperative nursing
Keywords [sv]
Anestesi, perioperativ omvårdnad, perioperativ vård, sjuksköterska-patientrelationer
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-58186OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-58186DiVA, id: diva2:1657121
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-05-23 Created: 2022-05-09 Last updated: 2022-05-23Bibliographically approved

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