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Patients' health outcomes after an implementation intervention targeting the physiotherapists' clinical behaviour.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. (BEME)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4616-521X
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. (CHIP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5904-1390
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4537-030X
Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
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2021 (English)In: Archives of physiotherapy, ISSN 2057-0082, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: A behavioural medicine approach in physiotherapy has shown positive effects on increased and sustained activities and participation, including reduced sick leave for patients with persistent musculoskeletal pain. The aim of this study was to explore the health outcomes of patients with persistent musculoskeletal pain treated by physiotherapists who had received active compared with passive support when implementing a behavioural medicine approach.

METHODS: An explorative and comparative pre-/post-test trial was conducted. A total of 155 patients with musculoskeletal pain ≥4 weeks were consecutively recruited by physiotherapists in primary healthcare who had received active or passive support when implementing a behavioural medicine approach. Data concerning health outcomes for patients were collected using questionnaires before and after the physiotherapy treatment and at half-, one- and two-year follow-ups. Descriptive, non-parametric and parametric bi- and multivariate statistics were used.

RESULTS: There were no differences over time between the patients treated by physiotherapists who had received active compared to passive implementation support regarding pain-related disability, pain intensity, self-rated health, self-efficacy in performing daily activities, catastrophic thinking related to pain, and fear of movement. Significant improvements over time were identified in both groups regarding all variables and the effect sizes were large. The percentage of patients on sick leave significantly decreased in the patient group treated by physiotherapists who had received active implementation support.

CONCLUSION: It is very important to include patient outcomes when evaluating the implementation of multicomponent interventions. It seems that the implementation method did not play a major role for the patients' outcomes in this study. Most of the patients' health outcomes improved regardless of whether they were treated by physiotherapists who had received active or passive support when implementing a behavioural medicine approach. This was likely because the active implementation support was not extensive enough to enable the physiotherapists to sustain the behavioural medicine approach.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study protocol was retrospectively registered in ClinicalTrials.gov . ID NCT03118453 , March 20, 2017.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 11, no 1, article id 22
Keywords [en]
Behavioural medicine, Implementation, Musculoskeletal pain, Patient outcomes, Physiotherapy, Primary healthcare, Sick leave
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-56224DOI: 10.1186/s40945-021-00116-zISI: 001000563800001PubMedID: 34625120Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85134001222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-56224DiVA, id: diva2:1603359
Available from: 2021-10-15 Created: 2021-10-15 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Fritz, JohannaAlmqvist, LenaSöderlund, AnneSandborgh, Maria

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