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Äldres möten med barn på vårdboenden: En litteraturöversikt
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNINGBakgrund: Antalet äldre i Sverige blir fler och medellivslängden ökar. Meningsfulla aktiviteter, balans mellan förmågor och utmaningar samt positiv livssyn framkom som förutsättningar för att uppnå hälsa hos äldre. När äldre beskriver lycka påtalas ofta barn. Ohälsa i form av ensamhet och social isolering kan skapa lidande för äldre. Problem: Flytt till vårdboende kan vara fyllt med oro och skapa ensamhet. Ensamhet är en hälsorisk. I samband med ökat vårdbehov kan äldres sociala kontakter minska vilket kan leda till nedstämdhet. I förlängningen kan nedstämdhet generera social isolering som kan leda till ohälsa. Syfte: Att skapa en översikt om hur äldre på vårdboende påverkas av möten med barn i IGP. Metod: Sex kvalitativa, fyra kvantitativa samt två mixed-method artiklar analyserades i en allmän litteraturöversikt. Resultat: Tillfredsställelse och förbättrad livskvalitet främjades vid interaktioner med barn. Barnens närvaro genererade energi och minskade agitationer. Sociala samspelet mellan barn och äldre ökade efter hand. Intag av läkemedel minskade när äldre vistades med barnen. Högljudda och livliga barn genererade ibland stress hos de äldre. Slutsatser: Möten över generationsgränser kan bidra till stärkt hälsa och livskvalitet hos äldre. Barnens närvaro bidrog till ökad energi och minskad användning av läkemedel. Interaktionen mellan deltagarna ökade under intergenerationsprogrammet.

Abstract [en]

Background: The number of elderly people in Sweden is increasing and their life span increases. Meaningful activities, challenges, balance between abilities and a positive view of life, emerged as prerequisites for achieving health of the elderly. When elders describe happiness, children are often a part of it. Illness in shape of loneliness and social isolation can create suffering for elderly people. Problem: Moving into a nursing home can create illness in shape of anxiety and loneliness. Loneliness is a health risk. In connection with an increased need for care, the social contacts of the elderly may decrease, which may lead to depression. In the long run, depression can generate social isolation that can lead to illness. Aim: To create an overview of how the elderly in nursing homes are affected by meetings with children in IGP. Method: Six qualitative, four quantitative and two mixed-methods-articles has been analyzed in a common literature review. Result: Satisfaction and increased quality of life was promoted by interaction with children. The presence of the children created energy and declined agitations. Social bonding between children and adults increased over time. The use of medications decreased when the elderly got to interact with children. Loudly and lively children was sometimes generating stress. Conclusions: Meetings over generations can maintain health and quality of life. The presence of children contributed with increased energy and less use of medications. Interaction between the participants increased during the intergenerational program. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Elderly, illness, intergenerational program, literature review, loneliness.
Keywords [sv]
Ensamhet, intergenerationsprogram, litteraturöversikt, ohälsa, äldre
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-53367OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-53367DiVA, id: diva2:1526698
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-02-11 Created: 2021-02-08 Last updated: 2021-02-11Bibliographically approved

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