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Ett komplext vårdande: -Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda personer med diabetes
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund: Personer som drabbats av diabetes har ökat under de senaste decennierna. Fler sjuksköterskor kommer behöva evidensbaserad kunskap om hur de vårdar dessa personer på bästa sätt. Tidigare forskning visade patienters- och anhörigas erfarenheter av diabetessjukdomen samt diabetesvården. Då återstod frågan vad sjuksköterskor hade för erfarenheter av att vårda personer med diabetes. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda personer som drabbats av diabetes. Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie med beskrivande syntes enligt Evans (2002) med en induktiv ansats. Resultat: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter beskrevs i två teman med fyra tillhörande subteman. Första temat var att vårda utifrån den unika människan med subteman, att stötta patienten till egenvård samt att arbeta med en komplex vård kring patienten. Andra temat var att inte ha förutsättningar för att ge god vård med subteman, att inte ha tid och kompetens samt att generalisera och inneha en maktposition. Slutsats: För att vårda den växande populationen av personer med diabetes på bästa möjliga sätt, visade detta examensarbete bland annat att sjuksköterskor bör beakta patienters självbestämmanderätt, samt att sjuksköterskor bör vårda mer personcentrerat.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background: Number of people affected by diabetes has increased during the past decades. Numerous nurses will be needing evidence-based knowledge of how to care for these people in the best way. Previous research has shown patients 'and relatives' experiences of diabetes and diabetes care. The question of what experiences nurses had of caring for diabetics remained. Aim: To describe nurses’ experiences of caring for people who suffer from diabetes. Method: Systematic literature study with descriptive synthesis according to Evans (2002) with an inductive approach. Results: Nurses' experiences were described in two themes with four subthemes. The first theme was to care for the unique human, with subthemes, to support the patient to self-care and to work with a complex care around the patient. The second theme was not to have the conditions to provide good care with subthemes, not to have time and competence a long with to generalize and hold a power position. Conclusion: To facilitate the best care for the growing population of diabetics, this degree project showed, for instance, that nurses should both consider patients' self-determination rights and apply more person-centred care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 50
Keywords [en]
care relation, chronic disease, individualized, patient education, self-care
Keywords [sv]
egenvård, individanpassat, kronisk sjukdom, patientutbildning, vårdrelation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-48760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-48760DiVA, id: diva2:1440891
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

Sjuksköterskeprogrammet

Kurs: Examensarbete i vårdvetenskap med inriktning mot omvårdnad.

Available from: 2020-06-16 Created: 2020-06-15 Last updated: 2020-06-16Bibliographically approved

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