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Att vårda palliativt: En litteraturstudie utifrån sjuksköterskornas upplevelser
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: När botande behandling inte längre är möjlig ges palliativ vård. Tidigare studier visar att patienterna upplever sjuksköterskorna som arbetar med palliativ vård som kompetenta, empatifulla och varma, men ibland kan kommunikationen brista och sjuksköterskorna kan upplevas som distraherade. Närstående upplever också att informationen och kommunikationen från sjuksköterskorna kan vara bristande och de skulle behöva ett bättre emotionellt stöd från sjuksköterskorna. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskornas upplevelser av palliativ vård i livet slutskede. Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie baserat på tio vårdvetenskapliga kvalitativa artiklar med en beskrivande syntes. Resultat: Sjuksköterskorna upplever att de behöver mer kunskap och utbildning för att kunna utveckla sin kompetens av palliativ vård. De upplever även ett behov av stöd från arbetsplatsen för att kunna bearbeta de existentiella tankarna som uppkommer vid vårdande av patienterna i livet slutskede. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskornas arbete med patienterna kräver ökad utbildning kring palliativ vård i livets slutskede. I arbetet behövs mer stöd till sjuksköterskorna för att ta itu med sina egna existentiella tankar och tillfredsställa patienternas och närståendes behov.

Abstract [en]

Background: When curative treatment is no longer possible, palliative care is provided. Previous research shows that patients experience the nurses as competent, full of empathy and warm but sometimes they experience lack of communication and that the nurses seem distracted. Family members experience a lack of communication and information from the nurses and they would like better emotional support from the nurses. Aim: To describe nurse’ experiences of caring for patients in palliative care at the end of life. Method: A systematic literature study based on ten qualitative articles with a descriptive synthesis. Results: Nurses experience that they are in need of more training and education to be able to develop their competence in palliative care. They also experience that they are in need of support to be able to process the existential thought that occur when caring for dying patients. Conclusion:Nurses require more education about palliative care and end of life care. Nurses are in need of more support to be able to process their existential thoughts but also to satisfy patients and family member’s needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [en]
End of life care, nurses, palliative care, person centered care, qualitative
Keywords [sv]
Kvalitativ, livets slutskede, palliativ vård, personcentrerad, sjuksköterskor
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-47610OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-47610DiVA, id: diva2:1426949
Subject / course
Caring Science
Presentation
(Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-04-28 Created: 2020-04-28 Last updated: 2020-04-28Bibliographically approved

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