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Prerequisites for a healthy and independent life among older people: a Delphi study
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6448-5866
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7490-6735
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Centre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1587-2835
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6292-7010
(English)In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The number of older people (aged 65+) will more than double by 2050 in Sweden. The ageing population is an increasing concern due to rising health-care costs and a shortage of health professionals. Older people generally prefer ageing in place, as long as they feel confident and comfortable. However, preventive and supportive measures are needed to maintain older people’s independence and active participation in society. The aim of this study is to explore the prerequisites for a healthy and independent life among older people in Sweden. A Delphi study was conducted in three rounds. In round 1, seven focus group interviews were performed with older persons aged 65–79, older persons aged ⩾80, next of kin of older persons, health professionals in primary and home health care, assistant nurses in home care, care managers and local politicians. The data were analysed using thematic analysis, resulting in 35 statements of the prerequisites needed for a healthy and independent life. These statements were sent to the participants from round 1, who were asked to evaluate the degree to which they agreed with each statement in round 2, and again in round 3. There was an agreement of at least 80 per cent for 31 of the 35 statements. When asked to identify the three prerequisites of most importance for a healthy and independent life, most participants stated: to have a social life, to have freedom of choice and power over one’s own situation, and to have the possibility to choose independently one’s type of housing. There was an overall high group agreement on the prerequisites needed for a healthy and independent life among older people. The main areas of importance were to have a social life, several dimensions of feeling safe and to retain one’s personal control.

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URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-47415DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X20000306OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-47415DiVA, id: diva2:1416331
Available from: 2020-03-23 Created: 2020-03-23 Last updated: 2020-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Gusdal, Annelie KJohansson-Pajala, Rose-MarieZander, Viktoriavon Heideken Wågert, Petra

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1920212223242522 of 43
CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • en-US
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Output format
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