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Attityder till psykisk ohälsa: En litteraturöversikt ur sjuksköterskestudenters perspektiv
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskor har delade attityder till psykisk ohälsa. Mest förekommande var attityder gällande rädsla och behandling, samt auktoritära attityder. Majoriteten av patienterna erhöll negativa upplevelser av sjuksköterskors attityder, inkluderat stigmatisering, nedvärdering och sedering. Syfte: Denna litteraturöversikt syftade till att skapa en översikt över sjuksköterskestudenters attityder gentemot psykisk ohälsa. Metod: Tillämpad metod var en allmän litteraturöversikt där 16 artiklar analyserades. Resultat: Sjuksköterskestudenterna hade delade attityder till psykisk ohälsa. Vanligt förekommande attityder delades in i kategorierna; ”synen gentemot personer med psykisk ohälsa”, ”upplevelser i mötet med personer med psykisk ohälsa” samt ”närvaro, eller frånvaro, av kunskap och förståelse”. Många sjuksköterskestudenter ansåg personer med psykisk ohälsa som farliga, våldsbenägna och att symtomen inte var äkta. Sjuksköterskestudenterna ansåg även att patienten bär ansvaret till sin sjukdom. Sjuksköterskestudenter såg även psykisk sjuka personer som någon utanför den egna gruppen. Dock visade en stor del av sjuksköterskestudenterna inkluderade attityder och mod till att vårda en psykisk sjuk och en förståelse för patientens symtom och sjukdomsbild. Slutsats: Rädsla och segregerande attityder riktade mot personer med psykisk ohälsa är vanligt förekommande bland sjuksköterskestudenter. En stor del sjuksköterskestudenter tar inte heller patienters symtom på allvar och det finns en bristande förståelse gällande psykisk ohälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: Nurses held divided attitudes towards mental illness. Most commonly emerged attitudes were those related to different forms of fear, authoritarian attitudes and treatment. Patients experiences of nurses’ attitudes towards mental illness were for the most part negative, including being stigmatized, the staff being degrading towards the patient, as well as sedation. Aim: The aim of this study was to create an overview of nursing students’ attitudes toward mental illness. Method: The method used were a general literature review containing 16 articles which were analyzed. Results: Nurse students held divided attitudes towards mental illness. Commonly emerged attitudes were categorized into “the view on persons with mental illness”, “experiences and feelings of contact with mentally ill persons” and “the presence, or absence, of knowledge and understanding”. Many nursing students viewed the mentally ill as dangerous and more prone to violence, that the patients’ symptoms were not real and that the individual is responsible for becoming mentally ill. Nursing students also viewed the mentally ill as someone outside of the own group. However, many nursing students also showed including attitudes and courage regarding caring for a mentally ill patient, as well as showing an understanding for the patients’ symptoms and diagnosis. Conclusion: Fear and segregated attitudes aimed towards mentally ill persons commonly emerge amongst nursing students. A large number of nursing students does not take patient’s symptoms seriously, and there is a short understanding regarding mental illness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 53
Keywords [en]
Experience, perspective, psychiatry, fear, symtoms, perception
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenheter, perspektiv, psykiatri, rädsla, symtom, uppfattning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46575OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-46575DiVA, id: diva2:1380193
Subject / course
Health Care Education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2019-12-18Bibliographically approved

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