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A method for differentiating between exogenous and naturally embedded ash in bio-based feedstock by combining ED-XRF and NIR spectroscopy
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 122, p. 84-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Characterization of ash-generating elements is of great importance in bio-based processes using lignocellulosic biomass as feedstock. Spectral data using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (ED-XRF) spectroscopy and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy were recorded from 119 lignocellulosic samples collected at bio-based combined heat and power plants. These spectra were used in regression modeling by using orthogonal projections to lateral structures (OPLS) to predict ash mass fraction varying between 0.2 and 5.7% in the dry biomass. The ED-XRF models produced more robust calibrations with lower prediction errors than corresponding NIR models that underestimated ash mass fractions >2%, especially when extra samples contaminated with 0.2–4.3% exogenous ash to reach 5% ash mass fraction were validated using the constructed OPLS models. Thus, by combining these spectral techniques, it has been shown for the first time that it is possible to distinguish between naturally embedded bioash and ash originating from contamination in biomass samples. This opens up new routes and instrumentation development to monitor and control varying ash mass fractions better in bio-based feedstocks entering combustion processes or biorefinery processes. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2019. Vol. 122, p. 84-89
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-42631DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2018.12.018ISI: 000459461800009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85060598166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-42631DiVA, id: diva2:1287384
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf