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Mothers in Same-Sex Relationships Describe the Process of Forming a Family as a Stressful Journey in a Heteronormative World: A Swedish Grounded Theory Study.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. (Chip HVV)
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Kvinnors och barns hälsa, Uppsala universitet. (CHIP HVV)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2722-5544
Linköpings universitet.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. (Chip HVV)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6223-1109
2018 (English)In: Maternal and Child Health Journal, ISSN 1092-7875, E-ISSN 1573-6628, Vol. 22, no 10, p. 1444-1450Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives The aim of this study was to gain insight into how women in same-sex relationships experience the process of forming a family through the use of assisted reproduction technique (ART), from planning the pregnancy to parenthood, and their experience of parental support from healthcare professionals. Methods The participants were 20 women in a same-sex relationship who had conceived through ART at a Swedish clinic. Semi-structured interviews including open questions about pregnancy, parenthood and support from healthcare professionals were conducted. The interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were analysed according to grounded theory. Results The core category, A stressful journey through a heteronormative world, emerged from the analysis, as did three subcategories: A journey fraught with difficulties and decisions; The nuclear family as the norm; and A need for psychological support. Same-sex parents expressed a need for more information about how to access ART in Sweden. Both the healthcare organization and treatment were perceived as heteronormative. In particular, these women lacked psychological support during the demanding process of utilizing a sperm donor to conceive. Conclusions for Practice Professionals in antenatal care should undergo mandatory cultural competency training to ensure cultural sensitivity and the provision of updated information, tailored brochures and early parental support for families with same-sex parents. All parents need guidance and support from competent, caring personnel throughout the entire process of forming a family.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 22, no 10, p. 1444-1450
Keywords [en]
Antenatal care; Assisted reproduction technique; Parental support; Women in same-sex relationships
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Care Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41143DOI: 10.1007/s10995-018-2525-yISI: 000445198600010PubMedID: 29740747Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85046650947OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-41143DiVA, id: diva2:1254228
Projects
Doktorandprojekt: Families with two mothers-experiences and support from health care providersAvailable from: 2018-10-08 Created: 2018-10-08 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Appelgren Engstrom, HeléneHäggström-Nordin, ElisabetAlmqvist, Anna-Lena

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