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Modelling and Analysis of Mobile Energy Transmission for Offshore Wind Power: An analysis of flow batteries as an energy transmission system for offshore wind power
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
2018 (engelsk)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

A comparison between a traditional fixed high voltage direct current energy transmission system and a mobile transmission system utilizing vanadium redox flow batteries has been conducted in this degree work.  The purpose of this comparison was to evaluate if a mobile energy transmission system could be competitive in terms of energy efficiency and cost-effectiveness for use in offshore wind power applications. A literary study was made to fully grasp the various technologies and to create empirical ground of which cost estimation methods and energy calculations could be derived. A specific scenario was designed to compare the two transmission systems with the same conditions. To perform the comparison, a model was designed and simulated in MATLAB. The results from the model showed that the flow battery system fell behind in energy efficiency with a total energy loss of 33.3 % compared to the 11.7 % of the traditional system, future efficiency estimations landed it at a more competitive 17.5 %. The techno-economic results proved that a mobile flow battery system would be up to nine times more expensive in comparison to a traditional transmission system, with the best-case scenario resulting in it being roughly two times more expensive. The main cause of this was found out to be the expensive energy subsystem, specifically the electrolyte, used in the flow battery system. Several environmental risks arise when using a flow battery system with this electrolyte as well which could harm marine life severely. In conclusion; with further development and cost reductions, a case could be made for the advantages of a truly mobile energy transmission system. Specifically, in terms of the pure flexibility and mobility of the system, allowing it to circumvent certain complications. The mobility of the system gives the possibility of selling energy where the spot prices are at their highest, providing a higher revenue potential compared to a traditional fixed system. As for now though, it is simply too expensive to be a viable solution.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. , s. 50
Emneord [en]
Offshore Wind, High Voltage Direct Current, Vanadium Redox Flow Battery, Techno-economic, Transmission, Levelized Cost of Energy, Efficiency.
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-40082OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-40082DiVA, id: diva2:1228214
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FlowOcean AB
Fag / kurs
Energy Engineering
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Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-06-29 Laget: 2018-06-27 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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