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Acceptance of e-learning environments in public health education: A comparative study in Sweden, Norway and lithuania
Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: XXXIX ASPHER Annual Conference in Valencia 2007, 2007Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [en]

Theme: Research

Authors:

PhD Candidate, Christina Keller, MSc , Department of Informatics, Jönköping International Business School, PO Box 1026, SE-551 11 Jönköping, Sweden

Associate Professor, Lars Cernerud, MD, MPH, PhD, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences, Mälardalen University, PO Box 883, SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden

Title: Acceptance of e-learning environments in public health education: a comparative study in Sweden, Norway and Lithuania

Objectives: The objectives of the research study were to explore factors influencing acceptance of e-learning environments among academic staff and students in public health education.

Introduction: A cross-cultural study was performed at public health departments at three European universities: in Sweden, Norway and Lithuania. At all three universities, e-learning environments were used in public health courses and programs to provide distance learning in a blended learning environment. Before and between lectures and seminars on campus, the e-learning environment was used for storage and retrieval of course material, group work and posting of assignments. The degrees of acceptance of the e-learning environment were estimated by performing interviews with academic staff and distributing a students’ survey questionnaire.

Results: The findings of the study revealed substantial differences in degrees of acceptance between the universities. The lowest degree of acceptance was found at the Swedish university, due to an organizational culture depicting teaching face-to-face on campus as an indispensable part of public health education. The highest degree of acceptance were found at the Lithuanian university, where the e-learning environment was considered as a means of better communication with students and an important tool for collaboration with other educational institutions. At the Norwegian university, the acceptance of the e-learning environment initially was hampered by the notion of “academic freedom”, which was brought up as an excuse for academic staff to resist organizational change. However, the resistance gradually failed and the acceptance of the e-learning environment increased.

Conclusions and discussion: The considerable differences between the three European universities could be explained by differences in organizational culture and national culture. At the two Scandinavian universities, there was skepticism of change inherent in the organizational culture. At the Lithuanian university, the organizational culture portrayed innovations to be something positive.

Keywords: E-learning, Public Health Education, organisational culture, national culture

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007.
Nyckelord [en]
E-learning, Public Health education, Organisational Culture, National Culture
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3812OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-3812DiVA, id: diva2:116476
Tillgänglig från: 2007-10-29 Skapad: 2007-10-29

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