mdh.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
On the causes and effects of specialization: A mathematical approach
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation. (Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning)
2009 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Division of labor and division of knowledge are so important andcommon in society today that it is almost impossible to imagine asociety where everyone knows the same things and perform the sametasks. This would be a society where everyone grows, or gathers, andprepares their own food, makes their own tools, builds their ownhouse, and so on.

Cultural evolution is the field of research that studies the creationand diffusion of ideas and societies. It is very uncommon for thesestudies to take into account the effects of specialization. Thisthesis will show that specialization is of great importance tocultural evolution.

The thesis is divided into three parts: one introduction and two papers. The introduction covers the mathematical models used byeconomists to study the relation between the market and division oflabor. The first paper is an interdisciplinary survey of the researchon division of labor and specialization, including both theoretic andempirical studies. The second paper is a mathematical model of howspecialization of knowledge (i.e. higher education) leads to socialstratification. The model is tested against statistical data fromseveral countries and found to be a good predictor of the differencesin income between people of high and low education.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Västerås: Mälardalens högskola , 2009.
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 103
Nyckelord [en]
Specialization, Division of labor, matematical model, social stratification
Nationell ämneskategori
Beräkningsmatematik
Forskningsämne
Matematik/tillämpad matematik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-5865ISBN: 978-91-86135-26-3 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-5865DiVA, id: diva2:216876
Presentation
Wallenberglaboratoriet, Lilla Frescativägen 7, Stockholm (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2009-06-01 Skapad: 2009-05-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2009-06-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Temporal Discounting Leads to Social Stratification
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Temporal Discounting Leads to Social Stratification
(Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Social stratification is present in all modern societies. Do income dif-ferences simply reflect inherited differences in individual abilities and re-sources? If not, why does not everyone choose strategies that lead to highincome? This paper shows that the psychological phenomenon known astemporal discounting will lead to differences in educational attainmentand therefore social stratification in any society where the demand forworkers with a higher level of education is higher than for those witha lower level. The model is used to predict income differences betweenpeople with and without college education in seven developed countries,based only on official statistics of the cost and length of college education.The model explains 93 percent of the variance, strongly suggesting thattemporal discounting is a major factor behind income differences.

Nyckelord
social stratification, mathematical model
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi) Annan matematik
Forskningsämne
matematik/tillämpad matematik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-5852 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2009-05-11 Skapad: 2009-05-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2013-01-24Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Theoretic and Empirical studies of Division of Labor and Specialization: An interdisciplinary survey
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Theoretic and Empirical studies of Division of Labor and Specialization: An interdisciplinary survey
(Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The extensive division of labor in human societies is one of the aspects that make them unique. There are many areas which are influenced by this division. The most obvious one might be the economy, where division of labor yields much higher production. However, as we will show in this survey, a lot of other areas which affect society are influenced by division of labor, such as population size and density, technology, trade, accumulation of knowledge, social stratification, political organization, and institutions. Even the size of the family is argued to be linked to division of labor and specialization.This review will discuss how specialization evolved, including both theoretical and empirical studies from several disciplines. We will also study different kinds of specialization, as well as how and in which areas specialization has an influence.

Nyckelord
division of labor, specialization, survey
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
matematik/tillämpad matematik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-5864 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2009-05-12 Skapad: 2009-05-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2013-01-24Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(565 kB)3002 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 565 kBChecksumma SHA-512
81b7c0a5f711773d186bc32d0c93fd34a3d360f7e4be76bae06b0c644d71bf2a6df03b20ad4a9489db4850383f175baa4fac868bfd4cb722513feff4d9cd4ee3
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Ehn, Micael
Av organisationen
Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation
Beräkningsmatematik

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 3002 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 221 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf