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Investigations into Information Semantics and Ethics of Computing
Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för datavetenskap och elektronik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9881-400X
2006 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The recent development of the research field of Computing and Philosophy has triggered investigations into the theoretical foundations of computing and information.

This thesis consists of two parts which are the result of studies in two areas of Philosophy of Computing (PC) and Philosophy of Information (PI) regarding the production of meaning (semantics) and the value system with applications (ethics).

The first part develops a unified dual-aspect theory of information and computation, in which information is characterized as structure, and computation is the information dynamics. This enables naturalization of epistemology, based on interactive information representation and communication. In the study of systems modeling, meaning, truth and agency are discussed within the framework of the PI/PC unification.

The second part of the thesis addresses the necessity of ethical judgment in rational agency illustrated by the problem of information privacy and surveillance in the networked society. The value grounds and socio-technological solutions for securing trustworthiness of computing are analyzed. Privacy issues clearly show the need for computing professionals to contribute to understanding of the technological mechanisms of Information and Communication Technology.

The main original contribution of this thesis is the unified dual-aspect theory of computation/information. Semantics of information is seen as a part of the data-information-knowledge structuring, in which complex structures are self-organized by the computational processing of information. Within the unified model, complexity is a result of computational processes on informational structures. The thesis argues for the necessity of computing beyond the Turing-Church limit, motivated by natural computation, and wider by pancomputationalism and paninformationalism, seen as two complementary views of the same physical reality. Moreover, it follows that pancomputationalism does not depend on the assumption that the physical world on some basic level is digital. Contrary to many believes it is entirely compatible with dual (analogue/digital) quantum-mechanical computing.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Västerås: Mälardalens högskola , 2006. , s. 227
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 33
Nyckelord [en]
Computing and Philosophy, Philosophy of Computing, Philosophy of Information
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Forskningsämne
datavetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-153ISBN: 91-85485-23-3 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-153DiVA, id: diva2:120541
Disputation
2006-09-29, Beta, Högskoleplan 1, Västerås, 13:30
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2013-03-13 Skapad: 2006-08-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Shifting the Paradigm of the Philosophy of Science: the Philosophy of Information and a New Renaissance
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Shifting the Paradigm of the Philosophy of Science: the Philosophy of Information and a New Renaissance
2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: Minds and Machines, ISSN 0924-6495, E-ISSN 1572-8641, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 521-536Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Computing is changing the traditional field of Philosophy of Science in a very profound way. First as a methodological tool, computing makes possible ``experimental Philosophy'' which is able to provide practical tests for different philosophical ideas. At the same time the ideal object of investigation of the Philosophy of Science is changing. For a long period of time the ideal science was Physics (e.g., Popper, Carnap, Kuhn, and Chalmers). Now the focus is shifting to the field of Computing/Informatics. There are many good reasons for this paradigm shift, one of those being a long standing need of a new meeting between the sciences and humanities, for which the new discipline of Computing/Informatics gives innumerable possibilities. Contrary to Physics, Computing/Informatics is very much human-centered. It brings a potential for a new Renaissance, where Science and Humanities, Arts and Engineering can reach a new synthesis, so very much needed in our intellectually split culture. This paper investigates contemporary trends and the relation between the Philosophy of Science and the Philosophy of Computing and Information, which is equivalent to the present relation between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Physics.

Nationell ämneskategori
Filosofi, etik och religion
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4011 (URN)10.1023/A:1026248701090 (DOI)000186131600004 ()2-s2.0-0242720635 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2006-08-28 Skapad: 2006-08-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Semantics of Information as Interactive Computation
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Semantics of Information as Interactive Computation
2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Minds and Machines: Special Issue on the Philosophy of Computer ScienceArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4012 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2006-08-28 Skapad: 2006-08-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-15Bibliografiskt granskad
3. System Modeling and Information Semantics
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>System Modeling and Information Semantics
2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Promote IT 2005: Proceedings of the fifth Conference for the Promotion of Research in IT at New Universities and University Colleges in Sweden, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2006Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2006
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4013 (URN)91-44-03875-5 (ISBN)
Anmärkning

Fifth Conference for the Promotion of Research in IT at New Universities and University Colleges in Sweden : Borlänge, Sweden 11-13 May, 2005 

Tillgänglig från: 2006-08-28 Skapad: 2006-08-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2013-11-02Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Ethics and Privacy of Communications in the E-Polis
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Ethics and Privacy of Communications in the E-Polis
2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: ENCYCLOPEDIA OF DIGITAL GOVERNMENT / [ed] Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko (University of Tampere, Finland) and Matti Malkia (The Police College of Finland, Finland), Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing, 2007, s. 740-744Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The electronic networking of physical space promises wide-ranging advances in science, medicine, delivery of services, environmental monitoring and remediation, industrial production and the monitoring of persons and machines. It can also lead to new forms of social interaction. However, without appropriate architecture and regulatory controls, it can also subvert democratic values. Information technology is not, in fact, neutral in its values; we must be intentional about design for democracy (Pottie, 2004). Information and communication technology (ICT) has led to the emergence of global Web societies. The subject of this article is privacy and its protection in the process of urbanization and socialization of the global digital Web society referred to as the e-polis. Privacy is a fundamental human right recognized in all major international agreements regarding human rights, such as Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations, 1948), and it is discussed in the article “Different Views of Privacy”. Today’s computer network technologies are sociologically founded on hunter-gatherer principles. As a result, common users may be possible subjects of surveillance and sophisticated Internet-based attacks. A user may be completely unaware of such privacy breaches taking place. At the same time, ICT offers the technical possibilities of embedded privacy protection obtained by making technology trustworthy and legitimate by design. This means incorporating options for socially acceptable behavior in technical systems, and making privacy protection rights and responsibilities transparent to the user. The ideals of democratic government must be respected and even further developed in the future e-government. Ethical questions and privacy of communications require careful analysis, as they have far-reaching consequences affecting the basic principles of e-democracy. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing, 2007
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4014 (URN)10.4018/978-1-59140-789-8.ch112 (DOI)9781591407898 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2006-08-28 Skapad: 2006-08-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2013-11-02Bibliografiskt granskad
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