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Improving project performance in product development
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0468-8503
2015 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The development of new products and processes is a crucial point of competition and due to the rapid technological development and strong international competition, companies are being forced to design better products faster and more efficiently. In the last two decades large companies in particular have developed increasingly sophisticated models, process descriptions, structures and routines for how to steer and manage their often large and complex projects. Processes in product development projects often contain many dependencies among both tasks and people, requiring coordination of activities and the opportunity to capture incomplete information that evolves over time. When attempting to increase project performance, a strong focus has been on the efficiency of the projects, on doing things right. As a result, both in industry and in research, effectiveness, doing the right things, has gained less importance than it probably should. For companies to really increase their performance, effectiveness must be considered to a much higher extent.

The objective of the research presented in this thesis has been to increase the knowledge of how the performance of projects in a product development context can be improved. This involves investigating factors which affects performance on different levels of the projects such as the individual working on the project, the single project, the project organisation, the company, and the business context. Data have been collected through literature studies as well as a case study divided into two parts.

The research results show that project organisations face the challenge of being able to have projects running efficiently according to plan while at the same time exploring and creating new knowledge. Formalised product development processes can support the progress of projects, but there is a risk that exploratory work and innovation could suffer. This is a challenge, especially in contexts characterised by uncertainty and complexity. Further, a number of areas which affect the project performance were identified, including the business context, process characteristics, project model, project characteristics, and project management. These findings have resulted in a proposed start of a framework for improving product development project performance in dynamic contexts.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2015.
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 192
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
innovation och design
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27493ISBN: 978-91-7485-186-1 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27493DiVA, id: diva2:787352
Presentation
2015-03-27, Filen, Mälardalens högskola, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-02-10 Laget: 2015-02-10 Sist oppdatert: 2015-03-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. Linking development efficiency, effectiveness, and process improvements
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Linking development efficiency, effectiveness, and process improvements
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering 2014 TMCE 2014, 2014Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25179 (URN)
Konferanse
Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering 2014 TMCE 2014, 19-23 May 2014, Budapest, Hungary
Prosjekter
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing development
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-06-05 Laget: 2014-06-05 Sist oppdatert: 2015-02-10bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Rethinking effectiveness: Addressing managerial paradoxes by using a process perspective on effectiveness
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Rethinking effectiveness: Addressing managerial paradoxes by using a process perspective on effectiveness
2014 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27494 (URN)
Konferanse
21st EurOMA Conference, June 20-25, Palermo, Italy
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-02-10 Laget: 2015-02-10 Sist oppdatert: 2015-02-10bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Exploring tensions between creativity and control in product development projects
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Exploring tensions between creativity and control in product development projects
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: DS 80-3 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15): VOL 3: ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT, 2015Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

To sustain organizational performance in dynamic contexts, organizations must be able to change through innovation while still continuing to perform in the short term. Central to successful innovation is to understand and manage tensions, paradoxes, contradictions, and dilemmas. This paper will present empirical data from a single case study discussed in relation to institutional theory in connection to organizational tensions and conflicts. Results show examples of a strong focus on proactive approaches with attempts to control and manage product development projects in a strict manner, even though the organization is acting in a context characterized by uncertainty with a need for creativity and a reactive approach. This shows a lacking understanding of what is required of the project process in this context and the tensions created between the strict process control and the dynamic environment. Conclusions point at the need for both creativity and control in the management of product development projects. However, there is a risk of strong institutions preventing organizations from recognizing the need for change.

Emneord
Organisation of product development; Project management; Creativity; Control
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27495 (URN)000366981200025 ()2-s2.0-84979900414 (Scopus ID)978-1-904670-66-7 (ISBN)
Konferanse
20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-02-10 Laget: 2015-02-10 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert

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