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Methodologies for calculating the overall heat release rateof a vehicle in an underground structure
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik. (MERO)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8326-2860
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings from the fifth international symposium on tunnel safety and security", New York, USA, March 14-16, 2012 / [ed] Anders Lönnermark & Haukur Ingason, 2012Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Most common type of object involved in fires in underground structures such as underground minesare vehicles [1-3]. A major concern is the lack of documented fire experiments in vehicles/mobileequipment, which is especially the case for working vehicles such as loaders, drilling rigs etc. Theresulting heat release rate (HRR) curves are essential knowledge when designing new tunnel or minesections and overlooking existing sections, thus there is a great need for HRR curves.This paper encompasses the measurement of the HRR for two full-scale fire experiments with vehiclesrepresentative for underground structures and the reconstruction of the measured HRR by investigatingwhat methodology that fits the measured values best. The main purpose of the methodologies is toprovide HRR curves without having to perform full-scale fire tests of the vehicles, which would be ofconsiderable value.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2012.
Emneord [en]
Heat release rate, critical heat flux, vehicle fire, tunnel, underground structure
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
energi- och miljöteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-23618OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-23618DiVA, id: diva2:679775
Konferanse
The fifth international symposium on tunnel safety and security", New York, USA, March 14-16, 2012
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-12-16 Laget: 2013-12-16 Sist oppdatert: 2015-04-02
Inngår i avhandling
1. Study of heat release rates of mining vehicles in underground hard rock mines
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Study of heat release rates of mining vehicles in underground hard rock mines
2015 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

A unique study on fire safety in hard rock underground mines with focus on heat release rates of mining vehicles is presented. A literature inventory was conducted with respect to fires in underground hard rock mines, which revealed that the most common fire cause in underground mines was flammable liquid sprayed onto hot surface and the most common fire object was a vehicle. A major concern was the lack of documented fire experiments in mining vehicles and heat release rate curves. It also revealed the limited research carried out on fire safety and fire development on vehicles found in hard rock underground mines.

In order to fill the gap of knowledge lack on heat release rates, fire experiments were carried out on wood cribs and wooden pallets in a model-scale tunnel with longitudinal ventilation where the distance between the fuel items were kept constant as well as varied. Different ignition criteria were applied in the ensuing calculations. It was found that the critical heat flux criterion generally showed very good agreement with the corresponding results of performed fire experiments but tended to have too short ignition times when the distance between the fuel items was increased. The ignition temperature criterion generally performed poorly compared with the measured results, but it was found that the accuracy improved considerably as the distance between the fuel items and the amount of energy accumulated on the fuel surface was increased.

As a final approach, two full-scale fire experiments were carried out in an operative underground mine using a wheel loader and a drilling rig respectively. The resulting heat release rates of the experiments were compared with calculated overall heat release rates applying the different ignition criteria. It was found that the critical heat flux criterion resulted in ignition times very close to the observed ignition times. The ignition temperature criterion resulted in surface temperatures that never achieved the corresponding ignition temperatures. Some difficulties were experienced when calculating the heat release rate curve of the wheel loader, as it was difficult to accurately predict the mechanical failure of a significant part initiating the highly significant fire in the hydraulic oil. Additional heat terms were added to the heat balance, where the added flame radiation term was found to have a large impact on the output results while the heat loss terms were found to have very little effect.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2015
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 178
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
energi- och miljöteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27776 (URN)978-91-7485-201-1 (ISBN)
Disputas
2015-05-27, Delta, Västerås, 13:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-02 Laget: 2015-03-31 Sist oppdatert: 2015-06-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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