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Factors Associated with falls in Elderly Living at Home in Sweden
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0282-2820
Röda Korsets Högskola.
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Primary Health Care: Open Access, ISSN 2167-1079, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 1-5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Falls among elderly constitute a major public health issue of increasing magnitude. For theprevention of fall at population level, it is necessary to study risk factors among community-dwelling elderly people inthe population. The aim of this explorative study is to show associations between falls and self-rated health, physicalexercise, physical functioning and physical disorders in elderly men and women living in their own homes in urbanareas in a high-income country.Methods: The associations between reported falling during the previous year and factors such as physicalfunctioning, physical disorders, exercise, and self-rated health were investigated in a case-control study. The studybase included all men and women aged 75 years and older living in their own homes in two municipal districts, onein the Stockholm area and one in the south of Sweden, from October 2008 to March 2009. A questionnaire wasdeveloped, but with questions used in earlier studies.Results: Of the1243 who participated in the study, 434 (35%) reported that they had fallen at least once duringthe previous year, and 759 (61%) reported no falls at all during the same period. Of the fallers, 158 (36%) were men,and 276 (64%) women. Unsteady gait (log reg 1.38, 95% CI 1.09-1.75) and poor self-rated health (log reg 2.04, 95%CI 1.29-3.20) were associated with falls during the previous year.Conclusion: The results from this study indicate that the most important factors related to falls are within physicalfunctioning, and that there are differences between men and women regarding the strength in the associations, andregarding marital status and age.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2012. Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 1-5
Emneord [en]
Community-dwelling, musculo-skeletal disorders, gait ability falls
HSV kategori
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vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-16206DOI: 10.4172/2167-1079.1000124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-16206DiVA, id: diva2:571536
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Forskningsprogram om fallolyckor bland äldreTilgjengelig fra: 2012-11-22 Laget: 2012-11-22 Sist oppdatert: 2014-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert

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