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Mental health problems and delinquency: A longitudinal study with six-month follow-up about depressive and anxiety symptoms and delinquent behavior among Italian early adolescents
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
2020 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Depressive and anxiety symptoms are common mental health problems globally. Antisocial behaviors can occur in early age and develop into delinquency. The aim of the study was to investigate longitudinally, with a six-month follow-up the association between mental health problems (i.e. depressive and anxiety symptoms) and delinquency among Italian early adolescents and if this association differs for boys and girls. A quantitative method was used with secondary data. The sample consisted of 155 Italian 12 years old adolescents. A longitudinal design with two occasions of measurement was used, which allows to follow individuals over time.

The cross-sectional results showed that depressive symptoms were positively associated with delinquency in the total sample. However, no association was showed between anxiety symptoms and delinquency at the baseline. In addition, longitudinal results showed that medium/high delinquent behavior after six-month follow-up can partly be explained by depressive symptoms at baseline, but not by anxiety symptoms in the total sample. The longitudinal results also showed that increased levels of depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms among boys increased the probability of having medium/high delinquent behavior, but not among girls. In conclusion, mental health problems can to some extent explain delinquency, especially among boys.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2020. , s. 52
Emneord [en]
Anxiety, antisocial behavior, delinquency, depression, General Strain Theory, public health.
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-49368OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-49368DiVA, id: diva2:1452221
Fag / kurs
Science of Public Health
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Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-07-07 Laget: 2020-07-05 Sist oppdatert: 2020-07-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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