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Non-contact-based driver's cognitive load classification using physiological and vehicular parameters
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1547-4386
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3802-4721
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7305-7169
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1212-7637
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, ISSN 1746-8094, E-ISSN 1746-8108, Vol. 55, artikkel-id 101634Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Classification of cognitive load for vehicular drivers is a complex task due to underlying challenges of the dynamic driving environment. Many previous works have shown that physiological sensor signals or vehicular data could be a reliable source to quantify cognitive load. However, in driving situations, one of the biggest challenges is to use a sensor source that can provide accurate information without interrupting diverging tasks. In this paper, instead of traditional wire-based sensors, non-contact camera and vehicle data are used that have no physical contact with the driver and do not interrupt driving. Here, four machine learning algorithms, logistic regression (LR), support vector machine (SVM), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and neural networks (NN), are investigated to classify the cognitive load using the collected data from a driving simulator study. In this paper, physiological parameters are extracted from facial video images, and vehicular parameters are collected from controller area networks (CAN). The data collection was performed in close collaboration with industrial partners in two separate studies, in which study-1 was designed with a 1-back task and study-2 was designed with both 1-back and 2-back task. The goal of the experiment is to investigate how accurately the machine learning algorithms can classify drivers' cognitive load based on the extracted features in complex dynamic driving environments. According to the results, for the physiological parameters extracted from the facial videos, the LR model with logistic function outperforms the other three classification methods. Here, in study-1, the achieved average accuracy for the LR classifier is 94% and in study-2 the average accuracy is 82%. In addition, the classification accuracy for the collected physiological parameters was compared with reference wire-sensor signals. It is observed that the classification accuracies between the sensor and the camera are very similar; however, better accuracy is achieved with the camera data due to having lower artefacts than the sensor data. 

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ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2020. Vol. 55, artikkel-id 101634
Emneord [en]
Non-contact, Physiological parameters, Vehicular parameters, Cognitive load, Classification, Logistic regression, Support vector machine, Decision tree
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46634DOI: 10.1016/j.bspc.2019.101634ISI: 000502893200022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85071533851OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-46634DiVA, id: diva2:1382074
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-01-02 Laget: 2020-01-02 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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