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Real-time Process Modelling Based on Big Data Stream Learning
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
2017 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 poäng / 120 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Most control systems now are assumed to be unchangeable, but this is an ideal situation. In real applications, they are often accompanied with many changes. Some of changes are from environment changes, and some are system requirements. So, the goal of thesis is to model a dynamic adaptive real-time control system process with big data stream. In this way, control system model can adjust itself using example measurements acquired during the operation and give suggestion to next arrival input, which also indicates the accuracy of states under control highly depends on quality of the process model.

 

In this thesis, we choose recurrent neural network to model process because it is a kind of cheap and fast artificial intelligence. In most of existent artificial intelligence, a database is necessity and the bigger the database is, the more accurate result can be. For example, in case-based reasoning, testcase should be compared with all of cases in database, then take the closer one’s result as reference. However, in neural network, it does not need any big database to support and search, and only needs simple calculation instead, because information is all stored in each connection. All small units called neuron are linear combination, but a neural network made up of neurons can perform some complex and non-linear functionalities. For training part, Backpropagation and Kalman filter are used together. Backpropagation is a widely-used and stable optimization algorithm. Kalman filter is new to gradient-based optimization, but it has been proved to converge faster than other traditional first-order-gradient-based algorithms.

 

Several experiments were prepared to compare new and existent algorithms under various circumstances. The first set of experiments are static systems and they are only used to investigate convergence rate and accuracy of different algorithms. The second set of experiments are time-varying systems and the purpose is to take one more attribute, adaptivity, into consideration.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. , s. 41
Emneord [en]
control system, real-time process, deep learning, recurrent neural network, Backpropagation through time, Kalman filter
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35823OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-35823DiVA, id: diva2:1111073
Veileder
Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-08-29 Laget: 2017-06-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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