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Investigating and Analyzing CAN-to-TSN Gateway Forwarding Techniques
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3469-1834
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7586-0409
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2023 (English)In: Proc. - IEEE Int. Symp. Real-Time Distrib. Comput., ISORC, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2023, p. 136-145Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Controller Area Network (CAN) and Ethernet network are expected to co-exist in automotive industry as Ethernet provides a high-bandwidth communication, while CAN is a legacy cost-effective solution. Due to the shortcomings of conventional switched Etherent, such as determinism, IEEE Time Sensitive Networking (TSN) task group developed a set of standards to enhance the switched Ethernet technology providing low-jitter and deterministic communication. Considering these two network domains, we investigate various design approaches for a gateway that connects a CAN domain to a TSN domain. We present three gateway forwarding techniques and we develop end-to-end delay analysis methods for them. Via the analysis methods and applying them to synthetic use cases we show that the intuitive existing approach of encapsulating multiple CAN frames into a single Ethernet frame is not necessarily an efficient solution. In fact, we demonstrate several cases where it is preferable to encapsulate only one CAN frame into a TSN frame, in particular when we use a high speed TSN network. The results have a significant impact on developing such gateways as the implementation of the one-to-one frame encapsulation is considerably simpler than other complex gateway-forwarding techniques.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2023. p. 136-145
Keywords [en]
Automotive industry, Control system synthesis, Cost effectiveness, Gateways (computer networks), IEEE Standards, Analysis method, Controller-area network, Cost-effective solutions, Ethernet networks, Ethernet technology, High bandwidth communication, Legacy costs, Network domains, Switched ethernet, Task groups, Ethernet
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64177DOI: 10.1109/ISORC58943.2023.00026ISI: 001044268900014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85168775302ISBN: 9798350339024 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-64177DiVA, id: diva2:1794844
Conference
Proceedings - 2023 IEEE 26th International Symposium on Real-Time Distributed Computing, ISORC 2023
Available from: 2023-09-06 Created: 2023-09-06 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Ashjaei, Seyed Mohammad HosseinDaneshtalab, MasoudSjödin, MikaelMubeen, Saad

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Berisa, AldinAshjaei, Seyed Mohammad HosseinDaneshtalab, MasoudSjödin, MikaelMubeen, Saad
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