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Barnmorskors erfarenheter av att vårda kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning: Kvalitativ intervjustudie
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att beskriva barnmorskors erfarenheter av att vårda kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning. Metod: Kvalitativ intervjustudie med induktiv ansats. Tio barnmorskor med erfarenhet av att vårda könsstympade kvinnor intervjuades med semistrukturerade intervjuer via Zoom. Intervjuerna spelades in på mobiltelefon, transkriberades och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: I resultatet utvecklades fem kategorier och 12 subkategorier. Kunskapsnivån varierade efter antal år i yrket samt hur ofta barnmorskorna vårdade kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning. Det framkom avsaknad av kunskap om sociokulturell kontext och svårigheter att förstå kvinnor som valt att könsstympas. Användandet av tolk ansågs utmanande då samtal skedde via trepartskommunikation. Beroende på var barnmorskorna arbetade i Sverige uppmärksammades skillnader i hur strukturerat omhändertagandet av kvinnor var samt vilken typ av vård som kunde erbjudas. Slutsats: Barnmorskornas erfarenheter av att vårda kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning var god. Det framkom att kunskapsnivån varierade utifrån antalet år i yrket. Samtidigt uttrycktes att det fanns kunskapsluckor och att det alltid gick att lära mer. Barnmorskeutbildningens undervisning om ämnet ansågs vara bristfällig. Patientgruppen ansågs som utmanande då det oftast fanns en språkbarriär. Det saknades tydliga riktlinjer på barnmorskornas arbetsplatser kring hur kvinnor som genomgått könsstympning skulle vårdas. 

Abstract [en]

Aim: To describe midwives’ experiences of caring for women who have undergone genital mutilation. Method: Qualitative interview study with an inductive approach. Ten midwives were interviewed with semi-structured interviews via Zoom. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: Five categories and 12 subcategories were developed. Knowledge varied according to years in the profession and how often midwives met the patients. There was a lack of knowledge about the socio-cultural context and difficulties in understanding the women who chose to be mutilated. The use of an interpreter was challenging as conversations took place via tripartite communication. Depending on where midwives worked in Sweden it showed differences in how structured the care of the women was and the type of care that could be offered. Conclusion: Midwives’ experience was good. Knowledge varied based on the number of years in the profession. Knowledge gaps existed and it was possible to learn more. The teaching of midwifery education on the subject was considered deficient. The patient group was considered challenging as there was usually a language barrier. There were no clear guidelines in midwives’ workplaces on how women should be cared for.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 54
Keywords [en]
Female genital mutilation, Information, Knowledge, Midwife
Keywords [sv]
Barnmorska, Information, Kunskap, Kvinnlig könsstympning
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-57455OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-57455DiVA, id: diva2:1639418
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Available from: 2022-02-21 Created: 2022-02-21 Last updated: 2022-02-21Bibliographically approved

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