mdh.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Värnild, A., Johansson, A. & Tillgren, P. (2020). National Road Safety Policy in Sweden as Reflected in Plans for Regional Transport Infrastructure. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 24(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>National Road Safety Policy in Sweden as Reflected in Plans for Regional Transport Infrastructure
2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 24, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 1997 the Swedish Parliament adopted the Vision Zero road safety policy, which since 2009 is included in a consideration goal (road safety, environment, health) as one of two goals under an overall transport goal. The target of achieving Vision Zero is not specified for different authorities. Investments in infrastructure are a common way of designing a safe system. Plans for regional transport infrastructure are therefore tools to achieve the national target.

The aim of the study is to analyse how Vision Zero has been applied by regional authorities as a term, a goal or a clarification in justifying measures in county plans for regional transport infrastructure in the period 2014–2025 in Sweden. Ten of twenty-one plans were included in the analysis as they selected costs for road safety measures for both state and municipal roads. The plans were analysed using directed and summative content analysis.

The consideration goal is rarely in evidence. Measures are most often justified by accessibility and public transport, walking and cycling, as clarifications of the functional goal (accessibility). It is likely that the imbalance between the functional goal and the consideration goal reflects a lack of governance by the Vision Zero road safety policy.Fulfilling a national road safety target requires well-adapted sub-targets for the organizations concerned.

Keywords
Vision Zero, Policy, Management by objectives, Road safety, Road injury, Plan
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-47430 (URN)
Available from: 2020-03-27 Created: 2020-03-27 Last updated: 2020-04-22Bibliographically approved
Värnild, A., Tillgren, P. & Peter, L. (2020). What types of injuries did seriously injured pedestrians and cyclists receive in a Swedish urban region in the time period 2003–2017 when Vision Zero was implemented?. Public Health, 181, 59-64
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What types of injuries did seriously injured pedestrians and cyclists receive in a Swedish urban region in the time period 2003–2017 when Vision Zero was implemented?
2020 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 181, p. 59-64Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The aim of the study is to examine what types of injuries that seriously injured pedestrians and cyclists received in urban road spaces from 2003 to 2017 in the Swedish region of Västmanland, when the road safety policy Vision Zero was implemented.

Study design

This is a cross-sectional data annually collected over a period of fifteen years.

Methods

Data from health care for 403 seriously injured pedestrians and cyclists were retrieved from the registry STRADA (Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition) and cross-referenced with the National Road Database to see if any Vision Zero measures had previously been implemented at the crash location. The study includes injuries from both single and multiple crashes on roads, pavements, and tracks for walking and cycling (road space). Statistical analysis was performed by descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and multiple logistic regression analyses.

Results

Pedestrians were seriously injured in lower extremities more than cyclists, whereas more cyclists were seriously injured in the head. During the period, pedestriansꞌ head injuries decreased significantly, but injuries in lower extremities increased significantly. In addition, for cyclists, there was a shift from decreased probability of head injuries to increased probability of injuries in lower extremities related to increased age. For pedestrians, pavements/tracks were associated with a decreased probability of a majority of injury outcomes but for cyclists only for severe injury outcomes.

Conclusions

From 2003 to 2017, there was a shift among seriously injured pedestrians, with head injuries decreasing and injuries in lower extremities increasing. This shift was probably related to an ageing population in the region, given that increased age among both pedestrians and cyclists was associated with a decreased probability of head injuries but increased probability of injuries in lower extremities. On Vision Zero roads, there was a decreased probability of pedestrians receiving serious injury to more than one bodily region. An increased number of older people combined with policies for more active mobility such as walking and cycling are a challenge for road authorities in urban areas.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46787 (URN)10.1016/j.puhe.2019.11.019 (DOI)2-s2.0-85077913357 (Scopus ID)
Note

©2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The Royal Society for Public Health. This is anopen access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Available from: 2020-01-23 Created: 2020-01-23 Last updated: 2020-04-30Bibliographically approved
Värnild, A., Tillgren, P. & Peter, L. (2019). Factors related to the increasing number of seriously injured cyclists and pedestrians in a Swedish urban region 2003–17. Journal of Public Health, 1-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors related to the increasing number of seriously injured cyclists and pedestrians in a Swedish urban region 2003–17
2019 (English)In: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1741-3842, E-ISSN 1741-3850, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The number of seriously injured unprotected road users has increased during implementation of a road safety policy Vision Zero. The aim of the study is to identify factors associated with the increase in serious injuries among cyclists and pedestrians (even single pedestrian accidents) that occurred in an urban road space in a Swedish region 2003–17. The urban road space includes roads, pavements and tracks for walking and cycling.

Methods

Data were retrieved from STRADA (Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition) and NVDB (National Road Database). Descriptive statistics and logistic regression with odds ratios for sex, age and part of road space were assessed.

Results

The number of seriously injured cyclists and pedestrians more than doubled from 2003 to 2017, with the greatest increase for pedestrians. Older age increased the probability of serious injury since 2012 for the group ≥ 80 years and since 2015 for the group 65–79 years. No significant effect of sex. Most injuries occur in areas not transformed by Vision Zero.

Conclusions

An increasing number of elderly persons in the generation born in the 1940s and increased life expectancy are important factors. There is a need to increase road safety measures that also promote active mobility.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46369 (URN)10.1093/pubmed/fdz064 (DOI)31211391 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2020-04-22Bibliographically approved
Värnild, A., Peter, L. & Johansson, A. (2019). Vision Zero in relation to active mobility and serious injuries in an urban road space for all road users. In: : . Paper presented at The 9th Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference 2019, 2019-06-14, sub-theme 13 Physical activity, civil society and, interaction in public space.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vision Zero in relation to active mobility and serious injuries in an urban road space for all road users
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46370 (URN)
Conference
The 9th Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference 2019, 2019-06-14, sub-theme 13 Physical activity, civil society and, interaction in public space
Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Värnild, A., Belin, M.-Å. & Tillgren, P. (2016). VISION ZERO - ROAD TRAFFIC EFFECTS FOR SEVERELY INJURED IN A SWEDISH COUNTY. Injury Prevention, 22, A273-A273
Open this publication in new window or tab >>VISION ZERO - ROAD TRAFFIC EFFECTS FOR SEVERELY INJURED IN A SWEDISH COUNTY
2016 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 22, p. A273-A273Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36213 (URN)10.1136/injuryprev-2016-042156.763 (DOI)000405066802079 ()
Available from: 2017-08-10 Created: 2017-08-10 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Värnild, A., Tillgren, P. & Eilert-Petersson, E. (2012). Regional uppföljning av det nationella trafiksäkerhetsmålet: Exemplet Västmanlands län 1989 – 2009. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 89(6), 513-524
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional uppföljning av det nationella trafiksäkerhetsmålet: Exemplet Västmanlands län 1989 – 2009
2012 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 89, no 6, p. 513-524Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Artikeln belyser hur det nationella målet för trafiksäkerhet går att följa upp på länsnivå via befintlig statistik från polis och sjukvård. Data från 1989/1990 respektive 2008/2009 jämförs.

För perioden 1997 – 2009 har det inte funnits något nationellt definierat trafiksäkerhets­mål för allvarligt skadade. Enligt polisens statistik är antalet svårt skadade vägtrafikanter i Västmanlands län oförändrat under perioden. Antalet allvarligt skadade i sjukvårdsstatistiken definierat som ISS > 8 är oförändrat.

Antalet skadade personer registrerade av sjukvården har minskat under perioden beroende på att antalet skadade gångtrafikanter och cyklister har blivit färre. På grund av omorganisation inom sjukvården kan minskningen inte kvantifieras. Ett lägre antal frakturer styrker att det varit en minskning. Antalet skadade bilister har blivit fler, men de skadas lindrigare än 1989/1990.

Kombinerade skaderegistreringssystem försvårar uppföljning på regional nivå.

Keywords
Trafikskadade; trafiksäkerhet; Nollvision; skadeuppföljning; målstyrning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-16297 (URN)
Available from: 2012-11-28 Created: 2012-11-28 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1831-1400

Search in DiVA

Show all publications