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Welander, Jonas
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Hoppe, M., Berglund, M., Annerfors, J., Bodén, V., Mossberg, E., Sturk, M., . . . Welander, J. (2024). Intended Involvement – How Public Organizations Struggle to Become Co-producers of New Public Values. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 28(1), 78-98
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intended Involvement – How Public Organizations Struggle to Become Co-producers of New Public Values
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2024 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 78-98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper is guided by the question of how public organizations can adapt to include citizens as co-producers of public values. To answer it, eleven researchers and civil servants, all involved in the transformation of a collaborative platform encompassing a university and four different public organizations, formed a collaborative and boundary-spanning author. Building on personal expertise and situated organizational experiences we conclude that public organizations do not adapt except for specific confined areas where they can still control and command outcomes important to them. Hence, public organizations struggle to become co-producers of new public values. From the process, we also conclude that academics and civil servants together writing an academic article cannot be viewed as a fertile common ground for equal collaboration and co-production. Nevertheless, it might still work as an interesting boundary-spanning activity for arriving at shared understandings and important insights on for instance why organizational moves from intended to actual involvement appear difficult.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Gothenburg School of Public Administration, 2024
Keywords
boundary-spanning, collaborative governance, collective author, public innovation, public values
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-66342 (URN)10.58235/sjpa.2023.10975 (DOI)2-s2.0-85188112485 (Scopus ID)
Note

Article; Export Date: 02 April 2024; Cited By: 1

Available from: 2024-04-02 Created: 2024-04-02 Last updated: 2024-04-02Bibliographically approved
Finnman, J., Söderbäck, M., Sjöman, M., Welander, J. & Almqvist, L. (2023). Challenges to Relational Commitments of Preschool Staff in Supporting Children in Contexts with a High Proportion of Early Second Language Learners in Sweden. Early Education and Development, 1-19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges to Relational Commitments of Preschool Staff in Supporting Children in Contexts with a High Proportion of Early Second Language Learners in Sweden
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2023 (English)In: Early Education and Development, ISSN 1040-9289, E-ISSN 1556-6935, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PurposeUsing COR theory to study developments of health and other key resources in self-employed workers in Sweden over 6 years, this study: (1) explored whether the heterogenous group of self-employed workers contained subgroups with different health trajectories, (2) investigated whether these were more typical for certain individuals (with respect to age, gender, sector, education, employment status), and (3) compared the different health trajectories regarding resource development in mental well-being, business resources, employment status, work ability.

MethodThe study used data from the Swedish longitudinal occupational survey of health (SLOSH) and included participants working as self-employed or combiner (N = 2642).

ResultFive trajectories were identified with latent class growth curve model analysis (LCGM). Two health trajectories with (1) very good, respective (2) good stable health (together comprising 78.5% of the participants), (3) one with moderate stable health (14.8%), (4) one with a U-shaped form (1.9%), and (5) one with low, slightly increasing health (4.7%). The first two trajectories flourish: they maintained or increased in all key resources and were more likely to remain self-employed. Trajectories three and five consist of those who fight to maintain or increase their resources. Workers in the U-shaped health trajectory show signs of fight and flight after loss in health and other key resources.

ConclusionsStudying subgroups with different resource developments over time was suitable to understand heterogeneity in self-employed workers. It also helped to identify vulnerable groups that may benefit from interventions to preserve their resources.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Working Life Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-65668 (URN)10.1080/10409289.2023.2188866 (DOI)000950141300001 ()2-s2.0-85150756924 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-2020
Available from: 2024-01-23 Created: 2024-01-23 Last updated: 2024-01-25Bibliographically approved
Astvik, W., Welander, J. & Hellgren, J. (2021). A comparative study of how social workers' voice and silence strategies relate to organisational resources, attitudes and well-being at work. Journal of Social Work, 21(2), 206-224
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparative study of how social workers' voice and silence strategies relate to organisational resources, attitudes and well-being at work
2021 (English)In: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 206-224Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study sets out to investigate the potential differences between social workers using voice- or silence strategies in their experience of organisational resources, attitudes and health, and whether social workers moving between strategies (voice or silence) over time have a different experience of the same outcomes than those who stay with the same strategy group. The participating social workers (n = 1356) responded to two web-based questionnaires over a one-year period. Findings The results show that voice strategies are related to the experience of more positive organisational resources, more positive attitudes (greater job satisfaction and organisational commitment, but lower intention to exit) and more positive health (greater recovery, but less emotional exhaustion and stress symptoms) than those using silence strategies. The results also show that moving from silence to voice is related to the experience of increased organisational resources, more positive attitudes and more positive health at T2, while those moving from voice to silence reported the opposite. Applications The longitudinal approach applied in this study adds empirical evidence of the relationship between voice/silence and work-related attitudes, as well as health and well-being. The close relationship between organisational resources, employee voice behaviour and related individual outcomes regarding attitudes and health imply that Human Resources (HR) management has a lot to gain by developing and securing a voice-friendly and considerate climate in their organisations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC, 2021
Keywords
Social work, communication, ethics, health, management
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-50667 (URN)10.1177/1468017319890085 (DOI)000499525900001 ()2-s2.0-85076051885 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-09-18 Created: 2020-09-18 Last updated: 2022-10-18Bibliographically approved
Astvik, W., Larsson, R. & Welander, J. (2020). Arbetsmiljön i tillitsbaserad styrning och ledning - exempel från socialtjänsten. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 26(4), 25-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbetsmiljön i tillitsbaserad styrning och ledning - exempel från socialtjänsten
2020 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 25-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte är att via fallstudier av socialtjänsten undersöka konkreta ledningspraktiker som kan sägas falla inom ramen för Tillitsdelegationens definition av tillitsbaserad styrning och ledning och som har betydelse för att åstadkomma hållbara arbetsmiljöer i välfärden. Analysen visar att hållbar arbetsmiljö via tillitsbaserad styrning och ledning kan kopplas till organisationens säkerställande av förmåga, integritet och hjälpvillighet. Konkreta ledningspraktiker för säkerställande och hållbar arbetsmiljö var uppdragsdialog, systemperspektiv, integrering av arbetsmiljö och verksamkvalitet samt långsiktig ekonomisk styrning. Genom att ledningen agerar tillitsvärdigt via säkerställande av tillitsvärdigheten hos dem som är satta att utföra arbetet närmast medborgarna, erhålls goda arbetsmiljöer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2020
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-51321 (URN)
Projects
Hållbar socialtjänst - relationen mellan arbetsmiljö och verksamhetsstyrning
Funder
AFA Insurance, 150463
Available from: 2020-10-08 Created: 2020-10-08 Last updated: 2023-08-28
Welander, J., Blomberg, H. & Isaksson, K. (2020). Exceeded expectations: building stable psychological contracts among newly recruited social workers in a Swedish context. Nordic Social Work Research, 10(1), 66-79
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exceeded expectations: building stable psychological contracts among newly recruited social workers in a Swedish context
2020 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 66-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a need for a stable competence provision in the Swedish publicsector in order to ensure the continuity, quality and stability of the socialservices that are provided to citizens. As the turnover rate of newcomersgenerally reaches a peak between three and six months after entry, it isimportant to understand how organisations can retain their newlyrecruited social workers. From a psychological contract theory standpoint,the aim of this exploratory qualitative case study is to describe the processthat leads to relatively stable psychological contracts amongst newlyrecruited social workers. Three focus group interviews (consisting of fournew social worker recruits, six co-workers and two supervisors from thesame department) were conducted to retrospectively capture theexchange relationship between these agents during the newcomers’first year of employment. The analysis identified two themes in theexchange process that shaped the employment relationship: pre-entryexpectations and post-entry experiences. The results showed that theorganisational promises that were kept over time, mostly by supervisorsand also due to co-worker influences, ultimately resulted in fulfilled andstabilized psychological contracts amongst the newcomers. An importantconclusion is that a co-worker-organisation relationship of a good qualityneeds to have been established in order to enable a successful qualitativenewcomer-organisation relationship. High organisational investment isthus required by an employing organisation that wants to builda trustworthy long-term relationship with all its employees.

Keywords
Social workers; newcomers; expectations; psychological contracts; HSO
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41813 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1548372 (DOI)2-s2.0-85098109668 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2022-03-18Bibliographically approved
Astvik, W., Welander, J. & Larsson, R. (2020). Reasons for Staying: A Longitudinal Study of Work Conditions Predicting Social Workers’ Willingness to Stay in Their Organisation. British Journal of Social Work, 50(1), 1382-1400
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reasons for Staying: A Longitudinal Study of Work Conditions Predicting Social Workers’ Willingness to Stay in Their Organisation
2020 (English)In: British Journal of Social Work, ISSN 0045-3102, E-ISSN 1468-263X, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 1382-1400Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Extensive staff turnover within the statutory social services is a serious problem in Sweden and in other European countries. This study examines which work conditions predict social workers’ willingness to stay in their organisation. A web-based questionnaire was used to gather data. The participating social workers responded to two questionnaires over a one-year period. To identify the social workers who wanted to stay and also remained in the organisation, the group ‘Stayers’ (n = 1,368) consisted of social workers who reported low intentions to quit at T1. The group ‘Leavers’ (n = 1,182) were social workers who had actually resigned at T2. The data were analysed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. The multivariate analysis shows that the work conditions that predicted staying in the organisation were low degrees of conflicting demands and quantitative demands, high degrees of openness and human resource orientation in the organisation and a high degree of perceived service quality. The results are discussed in relation to public management and managerial responsibility to create sustainable work conditions that facilitate the provision of good social services for citizens.

National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-45613 (URN)10.1093/bjsw/bcz103 (DOI)000582710500006 ()2-s2.0-85091434098 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Hållbar socialtjänst - relationen mellan arbetsmiljö och verksamhetsstyrning
Funder
AFA Insurance, 150463
Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2020-12-22Bibliographically approved
Blomberg, H. & Welander, J. (2019). A narrative study of newly graduated registered Swedish nurses' establishment in the profession and the portrayal of a healthcare organisation. Journal of Health Organization and Management, 33(4), 413-425
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A narrative study of newly graduated registered Swedish nurses' establishment in the profession and the portrayal of a healthcare organisation
2019 (English)In: Journal of Health Organization and Management, ISSN 1477-7266, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 413-425Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the participants talk about their experiences as newly graduated nurses, managers and nursing colleagues in the context of "newcomers' establishment in the profession" and to identify how they portray the healthcare organisation in their narratives. Design/methodology/approach A narrative approach is used to reveal and illustrate three perspectives on the topic "new-comers' establishment". In total, 14 interviews are conducted with 4 managers, 4 nursing colleagues and 6 newly graduated registered nurses. The focus of this study is how a healthcare organisation embraces and retains newly graduated registered nurses and how this is perceived. Findings The newcomers' establishment is facilitated by an orientation programme and an orientation period, individual support provided by managers and colleagues, and the creation of trust to boost confidence in nursing situations. The organisation is portrayed as struggling with high workloads, nursing shortages, high levels of responsibility and showing concern and an interest in the newcomer. The parties criticise the university for not teaching the most basic knowledge, thereby revealing the existence of a theory-practice gap. Originality/value The research shows how building trust amongst the organisation's members is essential for creating a satisfying workplace and the retention of newly graduated registered nurses. Empirical descriptions of newly graduated nurses, managers and nursing colleagues experiences of "newcomers establishment" are rare, which is why the description of such "establishment" in this research increases the value of the paper.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Insight, 2019
Keywords
Nurses, Narratives, Healthcare organisazations, job satisfacation
National Category
Social Sciences Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46126 (URN)10.1108/JHOM-09-2018-0251 (DOI)000474622900004 ()31282811 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85068056517 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-11-17 Created: 2019-11-17 Last updated: 2020-11-16Bibliographically approved
Welander, J., Astvik, W. & Isaksson, K. (2019). Exit, silence and loyalty in the Swedish social services – the importance of openness. Nordic Social Work Research, 9(1), 85-99
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exit, silence and loyalty in the Swedish social services – the importance of openness
2019 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 85-99Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The advent of New Public Management in Sweden has affected thesocial services in terms of increased workload, more conflicting demandsand a reduction in professional autonomy. This study contributes to theunderstanding of how various job demands, job resources and theorganisational factor of openness influence the exit, silence and loyaltystrategies amongst social workers and managers in the Swedish socialservices. Regression analyses of national web questionnaire data gatheredfrom 4,068 social workers and 432 managers have revealed that: (1)role conflicts associated positively with exit and negatively with loyalty,(2) job autonomy was negatively related to silence and positively relatedto loyalty in both groups, (3) openness had a high explanatory value inall of the outcome variables for both groups and (4) openness was apotential mediator between role conflicts and all of the dependentvariables. A conclusion is that if organisations want social workers andmanagers to stop considering exit, want to counteract silence and wantto improve loyalty, management strategies need to be developed thatreduce the conflicting demands and create organisational structures thatfacilitate a continuous and open dialogue between the strategic andoperational levels of the organisation.

Keywords
Social work; intention to exit; silence; loyalty; openness
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41812 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1489884 (DOI)2-s2.0-85076013639 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2022-03-18Bibliographically approved
Larsson, R., Astvik, W. & Welander, J. (2018). Hållbar socialtjänst – en fallstudie om relationen mellan arbetsmiljö och verksamhetsstyrning. In: Per Lindberg (Ed.), : . Paper presented at FALF2018 "Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?", Gävle, 10-12 juni 2018 (pp. 64-65). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hållbar socialtjänst – en fallstudie om relationen mellan arbetsmiljö och verksamhetsstyrning
2018 (Swedish)In: / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 64-65Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Flera studier gjorda under senare år visar att socialtjänsten framträder som särskilt problematisk vad gäller den organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljön med bland annat hög arbetsbelastning, rollkonflikter, låg grad av personalorientering liksom bristande öppenhet och dialog i organisationerna. Arbetsmiljöproblemen i socialtjänsten visar sig också genom hög personalomsättning, stressrelaterad ohälsa och sjukfrånvaro, vilket också får betydelse för socialtjänstens förmåga att tillhandahålla välfärdstjänster av hög kvalitet. Mot denna bakgrund är det motiverat att studera hur en mer hållbar organisatorisk och social arbetsmiljö i socialtjänsten kan åstadkommas.

Syfte

Syftet med studien är att undersöka relationen mellan styrsystem och arbetsmiljöarbete med fokus på hur verksamhetsstyrningen bättre kan harmoniera med och integrera arbetsmiljöfrågor.

Metod

Studien är en kvalitativ fallstudie av individ- och familjeomsorgen i en kommun i Stockholm-Mälarregionen. Valet av fall gjordes utifrån forskningsprojektets avsikt att identifiera goda exempel på socialtjänstverksamheter som strävar efter att skapa goda arbetsvillkor och en hållbar arbetsmiljö. Datainsamlingen baseras på semistrukturerade intervjuer med kommunpolitiker, chefer på olika nivåer, socialsekreterare, fackliga företrädare och personer som arbetar med verksamhetsstöd såsom personalarbete (HR) och verksamhetsutveckling. Sammantaget har 18 personer intervjuats. Policy- och styrdokument (t.ex. verksamhetsplaner) och olika typer av personal- och arbetsmiljöstatistik används som kompletterande data. Intervjumaterialet har analyserats genom en tematisk analys.

Resultat

Resultaten visar att styrningen och ledningen av socialtjänsten har ett tydligt fokus på verksamhetens syfte och brukarnas behov, vilket innebär att socialtjänstlagen och andra lagar som reglerar verksamheten ges en framträdande plats i verksamhetsstyrningen. I resultaten framkommer också betydelsen av att kunna utföra ett "gott socialt arbete" och verksamhetens förmåga att kunna leverera en god kvalitet i sina välfärdstjänster. En god kvalitet är också något som relateras till socialarbetarnas villkor och förutsättningar att kunna utföra ett professionellt socialt arbete. I detta sammanhang beskrivs även betydelsen av en god organisatorisk och social arbetsmiljö. Resultaten visar således att det, generellt sett, finns god medvetenhet bland politiker, chefer och socialarbetare om relationen mellan kvalitet och arbetsmiljö. Öppenhet och dialog i organisationen framträder här som särskilt betydelsefullt, vilket kan exemplifieras av att det görs kvalitativa dialogbaserade uppföljningar inom socialtjänsten där både verksamhetskvalitet och arbetsmiljöfrågor kopplas ihop, diskuteras och kan bli föremål för konkreta förbättringar (t.ex. resursförstärkning). Samtidigt som detta görs på verksamhetsnivå indikerar resultaten att det fortfarande finns "stuprörstänkande" på högre nivåer i kommunen där personal- och verksamhetsfrågor separeras och hanteras av olika politiska nämnder och organisatoriska enheter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39795 (URN)
Conference
FALF2018 "Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?", Gävle, 10-12 juni 2018
Funder
AFA Insurance, 150463
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-10-26Bibliographically approved
Astvik, W., Larsson, R. & Welander, J. (2018). Tillit i styrning och ledning för en hållbar arbetsmiljö inom socialtjänsten – en fallstudie av Nyköpings kommun.. In: Louise Bringselius (Ed.), Styra och leda med tillit: Forskning och praktik (pp. 139-165). Stockholm: Regeringskansliet/Norstedts Juridik
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tillit i styrning och ledning för en hållbar arbetsmiljö inom socialtjänsten – en fallstudie av Nyköpings kommun.
2018 (Swedish)In: Styra och leda med tillit: Forskning och praktik / [ed] Louise Bringselius, Stockholm: Regeringskansliet/Norstedts Juridik , 2018, p. 139-165Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Kapitlet syftar till att beskriva hur en mer tillitsbaserad styrning och ledning kan gestalta sig inom socialtjänstens verksamheter genom en analys av individ- och familjeomsorgen i Nyköpings kommun. Resultaten visar att grunduppdraget, det vill säga det ansvar som verksamheten förväntas ta gentemot medborgarna utifrån lagstiftningen har stort utrymme i styrningen snarare än mål, som de för tillfället styrande politikerna formulerar. Kvantitativa mått kompletteras med kvalitativa verksamhetsbeskrivningar och kontinuerlig dialog om verksamhetens kvalitet, brister och utvecklingsbehov. Ansvarsavgränsningar som inte gynnar klientens bästa kan motverkas genom hur ekonomistyrningen används. Här framstår det som väsentligt att undvika konkurrens, incitament och repressalier i styrningen som leder till fokus på den egna enhetens ekonomi snarare än verksamhetens kvalitet. Styrning och ledning som söker säkerställa förmåga, integritet och hjälpvillighet hänger intimt samman med arbetsmiljöfrågorna. När organisationen identifierar och åtgärdar reella hinder som försvårar ett professionellt socialt arbete är det tydligt att organisation tar ansvar för både verksamhetskvalitet och arbetsmiljö. Att säkerställa integritet och hjälpvillighet innebär också en konsekvent hållning till principer och värderingar som speglar ett offentligt ämbetsmannaetos. Via öppenhet och dialog i organisationen är det de gemensamma värdena som bidrar till ett gemensamt ansvar för verksamhetens kvalitet och en hållbar arbetsmiljö.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Regeringskansliet/Norstedts Juridik, 2018
Series
Statens offentliga utredningar (SOU), ISSN 0375-250X ; 2018:38
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39994 (URN)978-91-38-24805-8 (ISBN)
Projects
Hållbar socialtjänst - relationen mellan arbetsmiljö och verksamhetsstyrning
Funder
AFA Insurance, 150463
Note

Forskningsantologi från Tillitsdelegationen.

Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-06-28 Last updated: 2020-11-17Bibliographically approved
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