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Carlson, Per, Professor of social workORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2899-3839
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Behtoui, A., Carlson, P., Ferlander, S., Heber, A., Jukkala, T. & Lindström, J. (2019). Politiskt färgad undersökning med dålig representativitet: Replik DN Debatt 19/2. Dagens Nyheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Politiskt färgad undersökning med dålig representativitet: Replik DN Debatt 19/2
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2019 (Swedish)In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64098 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-02173
Available from: 2019-03-05 Created: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
Ferlander, S., Stickley, A., Kislitsyna, O., Jukkala, T., Carlson, P. & Mäkinen, I. H. (2016). Social capital - a mixed blessing for women? A cross-sectional study of different forms of social relations and self-rated depression in Moscow. BMC Psychology, 4(1), Article ID 37.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social capital - a mixed blessing for women? A cross-sectional study of different forms of social relations and self-rated depression in Moscow
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2016 (English)In: BMC Psychology, E-ISSN 2050-7283, Vol. 4, no 1, article id 37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Depression is a major health problem worldwide, especially among women. The condition has been related to a number of factors, such as alcohol consumption, economic situation and, more recently, to social capital. However, there have been relatively few studies about the social capital-depression relationship in Eastern Europe. This paper aims to fill this gap by examining the association between different forms of social capital and self-rated depression in Moscow. Differences between men and women will also be examined, with a special focus on women.

METHODS: Data was obtained from the Moscow Health Survey, which was conducted in 2004 with 1190 Muscovites aged 18 years or above. For depression, a single-item self-reported measure was used. Social capital was operationalised through five questions about different forms of social relations. Logistic regression analysis was undertaken to estimate the association between social capital and self-rated depression, separately for men and women.

RESULTS: More women (48 %) than men (36 %) reported that they had felt depressed during the last year. An association was found between social capital and reported depression only among women. Women who were divorced or widowed or who had little contact with relatives had higher odds of reporting depression than those with more family contact. Women who regularly engaged with people from different age groups outside of their families were also more likely to report depression than those with less regular contact.

CONCLUSIONS: Social capital can be a mixed blessing for women. Different forms of social relations can lead to different health outcomes, both positive and negative. Although the family is important for women's mental health in Moscow, extra-familial relations across age groups can be mentally distressing. This suggests that even though social capital can be a valuable resource for mental health, some of its forms can be mentally deleterious to maintain, especially for women. More research is needed on both sides to social capital. A special focus should be placed on bridging social relations among women in order to better understand the complex association between social capital and depression in Russia and elsewhere.

National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-61792 (URN)10.1186/s40359-016-0144-1 (DOI)27449106 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85008505378 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Note

ERRATUM: Ferlander, S., Stickley, A., Kislitsyna, O., Jukkala, T., Carlson, P., Mäkinen, I.H. (2017) Erratum: Social capital-a mixed blessing for women? A cross-sectional study of different forms of social relations and self-rated depression in Moscow. [BMC Psychology, 4, (2016) (37) DOI: 10.1186/s40359-016-0144-1 ] BMC Psychology, 5 (1), art. no. 20. DOI: 10.1186/s40359-017-0190-3

Available from: 2016-07-28 Created: 2023-02-07 Last updated: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
Vågerö, D., Kislitsyna, O., Ferlander, S., Migranova, L., Carlson, P. & Rimachevskaya, N. (2008). Moscow Health Survey 2004: social surveying under difficult circumstances. International Journal of Public Health, 53(4), 171-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moscow Health Survey 2004: social surveying under difficult circumstances
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2008 (English)In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, E-ISSN 1661-8564, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 171-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The aim of this paper is to present the Moscow Health Survey 2004, which was designed to examine health inequalities in Moscow. In particular we want to discuss social survey problems, such as non-response, in Moscow and Russia. Methods: Interviews, covering social and economic circumstances, health and social trust, of a stratified random sample of the greater Moscow population, aged 18+. Reasons for nonresponse were noted down with great care. Odds ratios (ORs) for self-rated health by gender and by six social dimensions were estimated separately for districts with low and high response rates. Bias due to non-response is discussed. Results and conclusions: About one in two (53.1 %) of approached individuals could not be interviewed, resulting in 1190 completed interviews. Non-response in most Russian surveys, but perhaps particularly in Moscow, is large, partly due to fear of strangers and distrust of authorities. ORs for poor health vary significantly by gender, occupational class, education and economic hardship. We find no significant differences in these ORs when comparing districts with low and high response rates. Non-response may be a problem when estimating prevalence rates or population means, but much less so when estimating odds ratios in multivariate analyses.

Keywords
non-response, survey, self-rated health, economic hardship, trust, Moscow
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64076 (URN)10.1007/s00038-008-7052-y (DOI)000258655500002 ()18716720 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-50649090914 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-06-27 Created: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
Ferlander, S. & Carlson, P. (2005). Demokratisk förtroendekris i Ryssland: Moskvaborna misstror samhällets institutioner. Upsala Nya Tidning (9 oktober)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demokratisk förtroendekris i Ryssland: Moskvaborna misstror samhällets institutioner
2005 (Swedish)In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173, no 9 oktoberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64082 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-27 Created: 2023-08-23Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2899-3839

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