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Augustsson, Anna
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Jani, Y., Burlakovs, J., Augustsson, A., Marques, M. & Hogland, W. (2019). Physicochemical and toxicological characterization of hazardous wastes from an old glasswork dump at southeastern part of Sweden. Chemosphere, 237, 1-8, Article ID 124568.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physicochemical and toxicological characterization of hazardous wastes from an old glasswork dump at southeastern part of Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 237, p. 1-8, article id 124568Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

More than 34 old glasswork sites in the southeastern part of Sweden pose a permanent threat to human and environmental health due to the presence of toxic trace elements in open dumps with glass waste. The possibility of leaching of trace elements from different fractions of the disposed waste needed to be assessed. In the present investigation, leachate from a mixture of soil and waste glass of particle sizes of less than 2mm (given the name fine fraction) was characterized by analyzing the pH (7.3), total organic content (TOC<2%), organic matter content (4.4%), moisture content (9.7%), chemical oxygen demand (COD, 163mg/kg) and trace elements content, being the values in accordance to the Swedish guidelines for landfilling of inert materials. However, very high trace elements content was found in the fine fraction as well as in all colors of waste glass, whose values were compatible to hazardous waste landfill class. Tests with Lepidium sativum growing in the fine fraction as substrate revealed chronic toxicity expressed as inhibition of root biomass growth in 11 out of 15 samples. Additionally, leachate from fine fractions posed acute toxicity to genetically modified E. coli (Toxi-Chromotest). This study highlights the importance of combining physicochemical characterization with toxicity tests for both solid waste and leachate obtained from different waste fractions for proper hazardousness assessment supporting decision making on remediation demands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Glass waste; Old glassworks; Trace elements; Glassworks dumps; Toxicity; Hazardous glass
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Science, Environmental Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-57928 (URN)10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124568 (DOI)000496896700062 ()31549666 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85070565543 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-10 Created: 2022-04-13Bibliographically approved
Marchand, C., Hogland, W., Kaczala, F., Jani, Y., Marchand, L., Augustsson, A. & Hijri, M. (2016). Effect of Medicago sativa L. and compost on organic and inorganic pollutant removal from a mixed contaminated soil and risk assessment using ecotoxicological tests. International journal of phytoremediation, 18(11), 1136-1147
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of Medicago sativa L. and compost on organic and inorganic pollutant removal from a mixed contaminated soil and risk assessment using ecotoxicological tests
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2016 (English)In: International journal of phytoremediation, ISSN 1522-6514, E-ISSN 1549-7879, Vol. 18, no 11, p. 1136-1147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several Gentle Remediation Options (GRO), e.g. plant-based options (phytoremediation), singly and combined with soil amendments, can be simultaneously efficient for degrading organic pollutants and either stabilizing or extracting trace elements (TE). Here, a 5-month greenhouse trial was performed to test the efficiency of Medicago sativa L., singly and combined with a compost addition (30% w/w), to treat soils contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons (PHC), Co and Pb collected at an auto scrap yard. After five months, total soil Pb significantly decreased in the compost-amended soil planted with M. sativa, but not total soil Co. Compost incorporation into the soil promoted PHC degradation, M. sativa growth and survival, and shoot Pb concentrations (3.8 mg/kg DW). Residual risk assessment after the phytoremediation trial showed a positive effect of compost amendment on plant growth and earthworm development. The O2 uptake by soil microorganisms was lower in the compost-amended soil, suggesting a decrease in microbial activity. This study underlined the benefits of the phytoremediation option based on M. sativa cultivation and compost amendment for remediating PHC and Pb contaminated soils.

Keywords
Cobalt, Petroleum Hydrocarbon, Phytoremediation, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon, Lead
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-57940 (URN)10.1080/15226514.2016.1186594 (DOI)000381015200010 ()27216854 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84978230447 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2022-04-12Bibliographically approved
Jani, Y., Burlakovs, J., Augustsson, A., Marques, M. & Hogland, W.Characterization and toxicity of hazardous wastes from an old Swedish glasswork dump.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterization and toxicity of hazardous wastes from an old Swedish glasswork dump
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

More than 34 old glasswork sites in the southeastern part of Sweden pose a permanent threat to human and environmental health due to the presence of toxic metals in open dumps with glass waste. The possibility of leaching of metals from different fractions of the disposed waste needed to be assessed. In the present investigation, leachate from fine fraction (soil plus glass particles < 2 mm) was characterized as following: pH (7.3), TOC (< 2%), organic content (4.4%), moisture content (9.7), COD (163 mg/kg) and trace elements content, being the values in accordance to the Swedish guidelines for landfilling of inert materials. However, very high metals content was found in the fine fraction as well as in all colors of the glass fraction (≥ 2 mm), whose values were compatible to hazardous waste landfill class. Tests with Lepidium sativum growing in the fine fraction as substrate revealed chronic toxicity expressed as inhibition of root biomass growth in 11 out of 15 samples. Additionally, leachate from fine fractions posed acute toxicity to genetically modified E. coli (Toxi-Chromotest). This study highlights the importance of combining physicochemical characterization with toxicity tests for both solid waste and leachate obtained from different waste fractions for proper hazardousness assessment supporting decision making on remediation demands.

Keywords
Glass waste, old glassworks, trace elements, hazardous waste, ecotoxicity
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-57927 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2022-04-13Bibliographically approved
Projects
Collaboration model for increased w aste sorting in crow ded city centres [2017-03290_Vinnova]; Linnaeus University
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