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Blomkvist, P. (2024). De osynliga systemen: Den kommunala infrastrukturens historiska arv och framtida utmaningar (1ed.). Stockholm: Svensk byggtjänst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>De osynliga systemen: Den kommunala infrastrukturens historiska arv och framtida utmaningar
2024 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

DE OSYNLIGA SYSTEMEN handlar om den kommunala infrastrukturens historia i Sverige och utvecklingen från privata eller halvprivata arrangemang för gator, vatten och sanitet till fullt utvecklade offentliga infrasystem från mitten av 1800-talet och fram till idag. Vi är idag beroende av de tjänster som infrasystemen levererar och det är svårt att tänka sig ett modernt samhälle utan dem. Men när systemen väl var byggda tog vi dem snart för givna, vi glömde bort att sköta om dem, och infrastrukturen dras därför med en mycket omfattande underhållsskuld.

En annan sak som bidrar till svårigheterna med att hantera och underhålla de stora infrasystemen är att den tekniska och organisatoriska design som valdes när systemen byggdes påverkar våra möjligheter att anpassa dem till en förändrad verklighet. De fysiska nätverken är gigantiska konstruktioner med en historiskt betingad tröghet, där samhälle och företag investerat väldiga belopp.

Infrastrukturen är kort sagt djupt inbäddad i samhället och svår att förändra. Det här gör oss dåligt rustade att hantera framtidens klimatutmaningar. Men vi kommer inte undan att anpassa oss till ett förändrat klimat. Robusta och motståndskraftiga infrasystem är absolut nödvändiga för att mildra effekterna av klimatkrisen. Gator, vatten- och avloppssystem måste rustas upp och förstärkas.

Boken belyser de faktorer som har påverkat utformningen av de kommunala infrasystemen och hur den processen lämnat ett historiskt arv som fortfarande påverkar oss. Ambitionen är att synliggöra systemen. Hoppet är att historien ska ge uppslag till vad som ska göras idag för att framtidsäkra den kommunala infrastrukturen.

https://byggtjanst.se/bokhandel/hallbarhet/samhallsplanering/de-osynliga-systemen 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svensk byggtjänst, 2024. p. 173 Edition: 1
Keywords
Infrastruktur, infrasystem, historia, hållbarhet, vatten, avlopp, gator
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-66479 (URN)9789179172107 (ISBN)
Projects
MISTRA InfraMaint
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2024-04-19 Created: 2024-04-19 Last updated: 2024-04-19
Karpouzoglou, T., Vij, S., Blomkvist, P., Juma, B., Narain, V., Nilsson, D. & Sitoki, L. (2023). Analysing water provision in the critical interface of formal and informal urban water regimes. Water international
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysing water provision in the critical interface of formal and informal urban water regimes
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2023 (English)In: Water international, ISSN 0250-8060, E-ISSN 1941-1707Article, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Science and technology studies and urban political ecology have made important contributions to the understanding of water provision in the Global South. In this article we develop insights from these fields with the aim to understand the blurring boundaries of urban water regimes and their power relations mediated by actors, institutions and technology. Furthermore, we explore how urban water regimes can form a critical interface which is a form of institutional–actor space where formal and informal water regimes encounter each other through conflict and cooperation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-62108 (URN)10.1080/02508060.2023.2171642 (DOI)000952437800001 ()2-s2.0-85150781688 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research Council
Available from: 2023-03-18 Created: 2023-03-18 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Blomkvist, P. (2023). Articulating Publicness in Infrastructure: The History of Municipal Streets, Water and Sanitation in Sweden. International Water Association Publishing (IWAP)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Articulating Publicness in Infrastructure: The History of Municipal Streets, Water and Sanitation in Sweden
2023 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The contribution of this book lies in the historical comparison of infrastructural systems that are normally dealt with separately. The synthesis has been achieved by an extensive literature review of research from a wide range of various fields and by using prime sources. The comparative and long-term perspective allows the discovery of similarities and differences in the development of arrangements around streets, water and sanitation. Using the analytical lens of publicness, the author challenges the common belief that these three areas have always been public concerns or obligations, an assumption based on the fact that presently they are indeed public infrastructural systems. Furthermore, the evolution of municipal streets, water and sanitation has left a historical legacy which is still affecting the way these infrastructural systems are managed today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Water Association Publishing (IWAP), 2023. p. 135
Keywords
Infrastructure, water, sanitation, roads, streets, Municipal infrastructure, Publicness
National Category
History
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64273 (URN)10.2166/9781789063981 (DOI)2-s2.0-85174773685 (Scopus ID)9781789063981 (ISBN)
Projects
MISTRA InfraMaint
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2023-09-16 Created: 2023-09-16 Last updated: 2023-11-01Bibliographically approved
Blomkvist, P., Karpouzoglou, T., Nilsson, D. & Wallin, J. (2023). Entrepreneurship and alignment work in the Swedish water and sanitation sector. Technology in society, 74, Article ID 102280.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and alignment work in the Swedish water and sanitation sector
2023 (English)In: Technology in society, ISSN 0160-791X, E-ISSN 1879-3274, Vol. 74, article id 102280Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Water and sewage (WS) systems are, like most grid based infrastructural systems, often centralised and hierarchical and the end user has almost no possibility to influence the technical standards, business models or system architecture. The preferred method for connecting new areas to the grid are underground water pipes and gravity flow for sewage. Thus, the WS system is “tightly coupled”. It is hard to change and conservative in its system culture, exhibiting a strong “momentum” or “path dependence”.

In this article we investigate an unusual case in the development of WS-systems. As a rule, WS-systems, as most infrastructural systems, develop gradually through incremental innovations, and system owners/utilities traditionally build their systems “from the inside out”. In our case, we investigate a situation where the end users took the initiative to connect a residential area, Aspvik, part of the municipality of Värmdö, outside Stockholm, Sweden, to the municipal grid and thus expand the WS-system, not from the inside out, but from the outside in.

Furthermore, we highlight another unusual feature: the role of a resident that acted as the “entrepreneur” in this process of WS-system expansion. The entrepreneur had unique trust building abilities in the local community, which the regime actor (the WS utility), could not match. Historically, inventor-entrepreneurs have been common, acting as “system builders” in the establishment phase of new infrastructural systems. However, entrepreneurs outside the regime are not common in the WS sector.

Although atypical in mature WS systems in developed countries, these types of local initiatives or hybrid solutions are common in developing countries. In this article, we argue that there are lessons to be learnt from our case, when dealing with system expansion processes both inside and outside the Global North.

National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-63132 (URN)10.1016/j.techsoc.2023.102280 (DOI)001030441400001 ()2-s2.0-85161852790 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2023-06-13 Created: 2023-06-13 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, D., Karpouzoglou, T., Wallin, J., Blomkvist, P., Golzar, F. & Martin, V. (2023). Is on-property heat and greywater recovery a sustainable option?: A quantitative and qualitative assessment up to 2050. Energy Policy, 182, Article ID 113727.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is on-property heat and greywater recovery a sustainable option?: A quantitative and qualitative assessment up to 2050
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2023 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 182, article id 113727Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with ongoing attempts to recover heat and greywater at property level, based on an in-depth study of Stockholm, Sweden. We explore different socio-technical development paths from now up until 2050 using a novel combination of on-property technology case-studies, actor studies and system-level scenario evaluation, based on Artificial Neural Networks modelling. Our results show that the more conservative scenarios work in favour of large-scale actors while the more radical scenarios benefit the property owners. However, in the radical scenarios we identify disruptive effects on a system level due to disturbance on wastewater treatment plants, where incoming wastewater can be critically low for up to 120 days per year. At the same time, net energy savings are relatively modest (7.5% of heat demand) and economic gains for property owners small or uncertain. Current policies at EU and national level around energy-efficient buildings risk being counter-productive in cases when they push property owners to install wastewater heat recovery technology which, in places like Stockholm, can create suboptimal outcomes at the system level. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2023
Keywords
Actor-driven disruption, Future scenarios, Heat and water recovery, System modelling, Urban energy policy, Energy efficiency, Recovery, Waste heat, Wastewater treatment, Future scenario, Property, Property owners, System levels, System models, Urban energy, Water recovery, Neural networks
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-63983 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2023.113727 (DOI)001051815500001 ()2-s2.0-85166184740 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-16 Created: 2023-08-16 Last updated: 2023-09-06Bibliographically approved
Blomkvist, P. (2023). Research report and excerpts on the history of municipal streets, water, and sanitation in Sweden. Svensk forskning för hållbar tillväxt ,RISE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Research report and excerpts on the history of municipal streets, water, and sanitation in Sweden
2023 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The first contribution of this report lies in the historical comparison of infrastructural systems that normally are dealt with separately. The synthesis has been achieved mainly by an extensive literature review of research from a wide range of various fields and by using prime sources to some extent. I have reinterpreted earlier results and brought together research areas that not so often communicate. The comparative and long-term perspective allows me to discover similarities and differences in the development of arrangements around streets, water, and sanitation. By using the analytical lens of publicness I can challenge the common belief that these three areas have always been public concerns or obligations. An assumption that relies on the fact that presently they indeed are public infrastructural systems. The second contribution is that I connect the historical development of these three sectors with research in medical, social, cultural, economic, and political history highlighting the most important contextual factors in society at large that has profoundly affected streets, water, and sanitation. I show how their respective evolution into public infrastructural systems has been strongly influenced by the strong Swedish tradition of local independence, by urbanization, demography, and industrialization, the municipal reform of 1862, and specifically for water and sanitation, the conflict between the private and the public; the social issue (concern for, and fear of, the working class and the poor); high mortality, Cholera epidemics and new perceptions of health and sickness; the Sanitary movement; the national health act of 1874. Finally, using theoretical concepts from the research traditions of Large Technical Systems (LTS, Hughes) I show how the evolution in municipal streets, water, and sanitation has left a historical legacy still affecting the way these infrasystems are managed today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svensk forskning för hållbar tillväxt ,RISE, 2023. p. 147
Keywords
Historia, infrastruktur, infrasystem, kommunala gator, vattenförsörjning, sanitet, avlopp
National Category
Social Sciences History of Technology
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-63293 (URN)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2023-06-15 Created: 2023-06-15 Last updated: 2023-06-15
Nilsson, D. & Blomkvist, P. (2021). Is the self-read water meter a pro-poor innovation?: Evidence from a low-income settlement in Nairobi. Utilities Policy, 68, Article ID 101143.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is the self-read water meter a pro-poor innovation?: Evidence from a low-income settlement in Nairobi
2021 (English)In: Utilities Policy, ISSN 0957-1787, E-ISSN 1878-4356, Vol. 68, article id 101143Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the Jisomee Mita, an innovation based on ICT-powered metering at property level aimed at increasing access to piped water and sewerage in low-income areas in Nairobi, Kenya. We present empirical findings from field investigations and actor interviews, which are analysed using a novel framework drawing on studies of business models, sustainability transition, and the history of technology. We explore the critical interface between utility infrastructure and potential customers as a locus of innovation. We find that the property owners are the main benefactors of self-read meters, while low-income end-users still depend on overpriced and unsafe water. The Jisomee Mita thus cannot be called a pro-poor innovation in its current implementation and context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2021
Keywords
Water distribution, Smart metering, Pro-poor innovation
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-53707 (URN)10.1016/j.jup.2020.101143 (DOI)000614033400006 ()2-s2.0-85097456931 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-03-25 Created: 2021-03-25 Last updated: 2021-03-26Bibliographically approved
Blomkvist, P., Nilsson, D., Juma, B. & Sitoki, L. (2020). Bridging the critical interface: Ambidextrous innovation for water provision in Nairobi's informal settlements. Technology in society, 60, Article ID 101221.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging the critical interface: Ambidextrous innovation for water provision in Nairobi's informal settlements
2020 (English)In: Technology in society, ISSN 0160-791X, E-ISSN 1879-3274, Vol. 60, article id 101221Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines innovation activities in water infrastructure in Nairobi, Kenya. The focus is on efforts by Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Corporation (NCWSC) to provide water services to the inhabitants in the informal areas of the city using an automated vending machine, or Pre-Paid Dispenser (PPD). In this study, we investigate what happens when a regime actor like NCWSC tries to implement an ambidextrous (two-handed) strategy: managing the existing system according to conventional practice and at the same time innovate in new technical solutions and business models to cater for unconnected users.Besides presenting our results, our aim in this article is also to introduce a research strategy for innovation studies in infrastructural systems in low-income urban areas. Three interconnected parts stand out as our contribution:First, we present a novel conceptual framework, by adding ideas from innovation studies to the Large Technical Systems approach. We investigate how regime actors can innovate to provide water to unconnected users, without expanding the system in a traditional way.Second, we propose a novel method for analysing and understanding innovation on the margins of the infrastructural system, or in our terms, innovation in the critical interface. Central to our method is, through empirical observation, to identify misalignment between the innovation (PPD) and contextual factors at the local level, where the innovation is implemented (interface misalignment), and misalignment between the innovation and the existing water regime (internal misalignment). We use a qualitative method and results forms as a basis for further research and starting point for regime actors in search of an improved ambidextrous strategy.Third, we analyse the innovation process per se. In the Nairobi case, we assess the ambidextrous innovation strategy, and claim that the PPD functions as an adapter in the critical interface, enabling the regime actors to operate in an environment of misalignment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2020
Keywords
Ambidextrous organizations, Innovation theory, Large technical systems (LTS), Water infrastructure, informal settlement, infrastructure, innovation, organization, water supply, Kenya, Nairobi [Kenya]
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-47107 (URN)10.1016/j.techsoc.2019.101221 (DOI)000522978800003 ()2-s2.0-85076167481 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-02-21 Created: 2020-02-21 Last updated: 2020-04-17Bibliographically approved
Blomkvist, P. & Emanuel, M. (2020). Regulating Innovation:: Utility vs. Leisure in Swedish Moped History, 1952–1961. Technology and culture, 61(3), 815-842, Article ID 10.1353/tech.2020.0075.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regulating Innovation:: Utility vs. Leisure in Swedish Moped History, 1952–1961
2020 (English)In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 815-842, article id 10.1353/tech.2020.0075Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the attempts to regulate innovation in Sweden’s road traffic system, specifically small, two-wheeled motorized vehicles or mopeds. Regulators wanted to establish a definition of the moped as a utility vehicle. Moped users and producers challenged their intentions, envisioning the moped as a vehicle for leisure. Our close reading of artefacts allows us to trace the evolution of moped technology and to conceptualize innovation in the moped niche. Situating moped innovation within the context of regulatory attempts and social change, we show how the imposition of technical requirements failed to regulate specific usage of a consumer technology. More broadly, the case study shows how users together with the producers find ways to innovate and shape technologies for their own purposes.

 

Keywords: freedom, moped, regulation, road traffic system, Sweden, welfare state

Keywords
freedom, moped, regulation, road traffic system, Sweden, welfare state
National Category
History of Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41356 (URN)000565082400006 ()
Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2020-09-17Bibliographically approved
Blomkvist, P., Hallin, A. & Lindell, E. (2018). Metod för företagsekonomer: Uppsats enligt 4-stegsmodellen (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metod för företagsekonomer: Uppsats enligt 4-stegsmodellen
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Uppsats enligt 4-stegsmodellen

I den här boken får du hjälp genom hela uppsatsprocessen – från forskningsidé och problemformulering till färdig text. Boken bygger på 4-stegsmodellen, som består av att problemformulera, undersöka, producera och leverera. Genom de fyra stegen i uppsatsprocessen arbetar du successivt fram alltmer färdiga utkast. Den grundläggande principen är att det mest effektiva sättet att komma framåt i arbetet är genom att skriva och presentera dessa utkast.

Att skriva uppsats är ett hantverk och boken innehåller en genomgång av de viktigaste vetenskapliga verktyg du behöver använda för att kunna göra medvetna val för just din uppsats.

Boken vänder sig i första hand till dig som ska skriva en uppsats i företagsekonomi på kandidat-, magister- eller masternivå. Men den fungerar också för dig som skriver uppsats inom andra samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018. p. 186 Edition: 1
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41033 (URN)9789144120638 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-13 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2022-08-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3865-7609

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