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Maffei, A., Grahn, S. & Nuur, C. (2019). Characterization of the impact of digitalization on the adoption of sustainable business models in manufacturing. In: Procedia CIRP: . Paper presented at 52nd CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, CMS 2019; Ljubljana; Slovenia; 12 June 2019 through 14 June 2019; Code 149076 (pp. 765-770). Elsevier B.V., 81
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterization of the impact of digitalization on the adoption of sustainable business models in manufacturing
2019 (English)In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2019, Vol. 81, p. 765-770Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sustainability and digitalization are fast growing sub-topics in the domain of manufacturing research and they will both be main forces shaping the future production systems. An overview of the related literature reveals two big bodies of knowledge being created in these fields, but also a little intersection among them. The reason lies in the fact that while digitalization is a trend aimed mainly at technological advancement, sustainability requires a long term commitment to reshape the whole approach to business of a manufacturing firm. However, there is a growing indication in literature that digitalization can be a powerful tool in the necessary road towards sustainable manufacturing. This work analyses the related scientific contribution through the lens of the concept of Business Model (BM) and Business Model Innovation (BMI) as understood by leading economic literature. The result is a characterisation, and when possible a description of the ways digitalization can support manufacturing firms in the adoption of sustainable business models. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2019
Keywords
Circular economy, Digitalization, Production system, Sustainability
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44917 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2019.03.191 (DOI)2-s2.0-85068447692 (Scopus ID)
Conference
52nd CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, CMS 2019; Ljubljana; Slovenia; 12 June 2019 through 14 June 2019; Code 149076
Note

Export Date: 18 July 2019; Conference Paper; Correspondence Address: Maffei, A.; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvägen 68, Sweden; email: maffei@kth.se

Available from: 2019-07-18 Created: 2019-07-18 Last updated: 2019-07-18Bibliographically approved
Grahn, S., Gopinath, V., Wang, X. V. & Johansen, K. (2018). Exploring a Model for Production System Design to Utilize Large Robots in Human-Robot Collaborative Assembly Cells. In: Procedia Manufacturing: . Paper presented at 8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16 May 2018 through 18 May 2018 (pp. 612-619). Elsevier B.V.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring a Model for Production System Design to Utilize Large Robots in Human-Robot Collaborative Assembly Cells
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier B.V. , 2018, p. 612-619Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It has been shown that large robots can be safely installed for human-robot collaborative assembly cells in experimental setups. It has also been found that these installations require demanding considerations of a significant number of layout and safety parameters. This indicates that successful commercial implementations will require a resource efficient model for production system design that anticipates utilization of large robots in collaborative settings. Experiences from experimental setups have been used to explore a basic model for such production system design, to stimulate a discussion regarding what model characteristics should be tested and validated in future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2018
Keywords
Automation, Human-Robot Collaboration, Modeling, Production Design
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-43506 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.094 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065662763 (Scopus ID)
Conference
8th Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 2018, 16 May 2018 through 18 May 2018
Available from: 2019-05-28 Created: 2019-05-28 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved
Grahn, S., Johansen, K. & Eriksson, Y. (2017). Safety Assessment Strategy for Collaborative Robot Installations. In: Hüseyin Canbolat (Ed.), Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments: (pp. 111-129). INTECH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safety Assessment Strategy for Collaborative Robot Installations
2017 (English)In: Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments / [ed] Hüseyin Canbolat, INTECH, 2017, p. 111-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Industrial resource efficiency can be improved if the safety barrier between humans and robots is removed, as this enables operators and robots to work side by side or in direct collaboration to solve a task, usually referred to as a collaborative robot installation. Even though technology development makes the barrier removal ever more feasible from a safety perspective, this still produces a possible hazardous working environment, and safety assessment strategies are crucial. A wide area of knowledge is required to assess all fields that can help ensure safe human-machine interaction. Here the focus is primarily on providing a description of the key fields identified, including how operators psychologically accept working with robots, and providing a cursory description of the research front for each individual field. In addition to covering a large number of parameters, the assessment strategy also needs to be cost-effective. A significant part of all parameters that can be considered when attempting to produce optimized and cost-effective collaborative robot installations will also have a direct impact on operator safety. Hence, assessments for safety, and assessments for cost-effectiveness, cannot be separated, and are treated as two objectives that need to be viewed in sync

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
INTECH, 2017
Keywords
collaborative robots, production, safety
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-38947 (URN)10.5772/intechopen.69375 (DOI)978-953-51-3680-4 (ISBN)978-953-51-3679-8 (ISBN)
Projects
XPRES - Excellence in Production Research
Available from: 2018-04-10 Created: 2018-04-10 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
Granlund, A., Magnus, W., Friedler, N. & Grahn, S. (2016). Lean Automationsutveckling - Handbok.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lean Automationsutveckling - Handbok
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Trender mot mer automatiserad produktion och allt snabbare förändringstakt av produktionssystem ställer krav på snabba, effektiva och verksamhetsanpassade utvecklingsprocesser av automationslösningar. Denna handbok beskriver centrala delar i en automationsstrategi, som stöd för utveckling av automationslösningar till produktionssystem. Den är relevant för alla typer av tillverkande verksamheter och leverantörer som vill effektivisera anskaffandet och införandet av ny automationsteknik. Handboken beskriver en automationsstrategi uppdelad i fyra huvudområden: Del 1 – Ekonomi Del 2 – Organisation Del 3 – Process Del 4 – Teknik Stort fokus ligger på att engagera olika kompetenser och aktörer, liksom att betrakta automationsstrategin som en del av en helhet tillsammans med övriga delar i och utanför verksamheten. Automationsstrategin lyfter vilka faktorer inom de olika huvudområdena som påverkar vid utveckling av automationslösningar. Den gör det möjligt att analysera vilken affärsmodell som passar verksamhetens förutsättningar bäst och vilka organisatoriska strukturer som är viktiga för verksamhetens automationskompetens. Den innehåller också en stegmall för effektiv anskaffning av automationsutrustning och tre viktiga kategorier av teknik som kan stötta utvecklingsprocessen. Handboken har tagits fram i projektet lean automationsutveckling, eller LEAD, som har finansierats av Vinnovas program FFI Hållbar produktion under 2013-2015. Grundidén var att underlätta både planering, utveckling och anskaffning av automationslösningar genom att förse de utvecklingsprocesser som idag är etablerade med verktyg från lean produktutveckling. På så vis säkerställs att verksamheter kan dra nytta av ny automationsteknik med så effektivt utnyttjande av resurser, hög hållbarhet och hög lönsamhet som möjligt.

National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35490 (URN)978-91-7485-293-6 (ISBN)
Projects
XPRESLEAD - Lean Automation Development
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-06-01Bibliographically approved
Grahn, S., Langbeck, B., Johansen, K. & Backman, B. (2016). Potential advantages using large anthropomorphic robots in human-robot collaborative, hand guided assembly. In: 6TH CIRP CONFERENCE ON ASSEMBLY TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEMS (CATS): . Paper presented at 6th CIRP Conference on Assembly Technologies and Systems (CATS), MAY 16-18, 2016, Chalmers Univ Technol, Wingquist Lab, Gothenburg, SWEDEN (pp. 281-286).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Potential advantages using large anthropomorphic robots in human-robot collaborative, hand guided assembly
2016 (English)In: 6TH CIRP CONFERENCE ON ASSEMBLY TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEMS (CATS), 2016, p. 281-286Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Collaborative robot installations often mean man-machine workspace sharing. This mode of operation can lead to reductions of tact time and work space requirements. We have analyzed potential further benefits of man machine collaboration, where operators and powerful robots share workspace, cooperating when lifting and handling large objects. We found that this mode of operation has the potential to generate economic advantages by reducing the need for manual operators and lifting tools and by offering new opportunities for component logistics. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Series
Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271 ; 44
Keywords
human-robot collaboration, robot safety, human-machine interface, hand-guided collaborative robot
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-32182 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2016.02.036 (DOI)000376432200047 ()2-s2.0-84994120835 (Scopus ID)
Conference
6th CIRP Conference on Assembly Technologies and Systems (CATS), MAY 16-18, 2016, Chalmers Univ Technol, Wingquist Lab, Gothenburg, SWEDEN
Available from: 2016-06-23 Created: 2016-06-23 Last updated: 2016-11-24Bibliographically approved
Grahn, S. & Langbeck, B. (2014). Benefits of collaborative robots in assembly - an evaluation sceme. In: Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014: . Paper presented at Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014, 16 Sep 2014, Göteborg, Sweden. Göteborg, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Benefits of collaborative robots in assembly - an evaluation sceme
2014 (English)In: Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014, Göteborg, Sweden, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Programming, safety measures and handling of inflexibility stillhinder robot implementation for many applications. However, advancementsin several fields such as programming, human–machine-interfacesand safety system technology are about to change this. These advancementscould make it possible for operators to collaborate with robots that assistoperators at close range, without compromising safety, often referred to ascobot installations. The aim of the project was to produce a picture of howpotential economic advantages can be evaluated from installations of cobotcells, to be compared with manual assembly and standard robotinstallations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg, Sweden: , 2014
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27179 (URN)
Conference
Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014, 16 Sep 2014, Göteborg, Sweden
Projects
XPRES
Available from: 2014-12-22 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2014-12-22Bibliographically approved
Grahn, S., Granlund, A., Wiktorsson, M. & Friedler, N. (2014). Defining 'benefit' when making production investments - an inquiry of current standards. In: Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014: . Paper presented at Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014, 16-18 Sep 2014, Göteborg, Sweden. Göteborg, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defining 'benefit' when making production investments - an inquiry of current standards
2014 (English)In: Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014, Göteborg, Sweden, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Investments in production equipment are made to generate desired production benefit. This work examines how benefit generally is defined and to what extent the benefit is well defined when equipment investments are made. The study revealed that benefit from investments often is unclearly or inconsistently defined, with a narrow system view and often has a weak correlation with benefit for a production system with broader boundaries. This could hamper the possibility to capitalize on industrial trends that indicate a shift in focus, from products, to the benefit utilization of the products can deliver.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg, Sweden: , 2014
Keywords
Production development, benefit, value, S-D logic
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27164 (URN)
Conference
Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014, 16-18 Sep 2014, Göteborg, Sweden
Projects
XPRESLEAD - Lean Automation Development
Available from: 2014-12-22 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2014-12-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9550-7220

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