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Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Ehn, M., Johansson, A.-C. & Åsa, R. (2019). Technology-Based Motivation Support for Seniors' Physical Activity-A Qualitative Study on Seniors' and Health Care Professionals' Views. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(13)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology-Based Motivation Support for Seniors' Physical Activity-A Qualitative Study on Seniors' and Health Care Professionals' Views
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates seniors' and health care professionals' (HCPs) perceptions on needed contributions and qualities of digital technology-based motivation support for seniors' physical activity (PA). Seniors and HCPs expressed their views in focus groups, which were analyzed separately by inductive content analysis. Similarities and differences in seniors' and HCPs' views were identified through thematic analysis of qualitative results from both focus groups. This article's main findings are that both seniors and HCPs believed digital technology should support and make PA more enjoyable in ways to strengthen seniors' control and well-being. However, seniors emphasized support for social interaction, while HCPs also requested support for increasing seniors' insight into PA and for facilitating their dialogue with seniors. Conclusions to be drawn are that seniors and HPCs shared overall views on digital technology's main contributions but had different perspectives on how those contributions could be obtained. This highlights the importance of the early identification of user groups and exploration of their different needs when developing new solutions. Moreover, seniors' and HCPs' perceptions included aspects relevant for personal motivation, technology acceptance, and PA behavioral change according to self-determination theory, unified theory of acceptance and use of technology, and behavioral change techniques for increasing PA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NLM (Medline), 2019
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44967 (URN)10.3390/ijerph16132418 (DOI)000477037900161 ()31288398 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85069561158 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-08 Created: 2019-08-08 Last updated: 2019-11-11
Ehn, M., Carlén Eriksson, L., Åkerberg, N. & Johansson, A.-C. (2018). Activity Monitors as Support for Older Persons’ Physical Activity in Daily Life: Qualitative Study of the Users’ Experiences. JMIR mhealth and uhealth, 6(2), Article ID e34.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Activity Monitors as Support for Older Persons’ Physical Activity in Daily Life: Qualitative Study of the Users’ Experiences
2018 (English)In: JMIR mhealth and uhealth, E-ISSN 2291-5222, Vol. 6, no 2, article id e34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Falls are a major threat to the health and independence of seniors. Regular physical activity (PA) can prevent 40% of all fall injuries. The challenge is to motivate and support seniors to be physically active. Persuasive systems can constitute valuable support for persons aiming at establishing and maintaining healthy habits. However, these systems need to support effective behavior change techniques (BCTs) for increasing older adults’ PA and meet the senior users’ requirements and preferences. Therefore, involving users as codesigners of new systems can be fruitful. Prestudies of the user’s experience with similar solutions can facilitate future user-centered design of novel persuasive systems.

Objective

The aim of this study was to investigate how seniors experience using activity monitors (AMs) as support for PA in daily life. The addressed research questions are as follows: (1) What are the overall experiences of senior persons, of different age and balance function, in using wearable AMs in daily life?; (2) Which aspects did the users perceive relevant to make the measurements as meaningful and useful in the long-term perspective?; and (3) What needs and requirements did the users perceive as more relevant for the activity monitors to be useful in a long-term perspective?

Methods

This qualitative interview study included 8 community-dwelling older adults (median age: 83 years). The participants’ experiences in using two commercial AMs together with tablet-based apps for 9 days were investigated. Activity diaries during the usage and interviews after the usage were exploited to gather user experience. Comments in diaries were summarized, and interviews were analyzed by inductive content analysis.

Results

The users (n=8) perceived that, by using the AMs, their awareness of own PA had increased. However, the AMs’ impact on the users’ motivation for PA and activity behavior varied between participants. The diaries showed that self-estimated physical effort varied between participants and varied for each individual over time. Additionally, participants reported different types of accomplished activities; talking walks was most frequently reported. To be meaningful, measurements need to provide the user with a reliable receipt of whether his or her current activity behavior is sufficient for reaching an activity goal. Moreover, praise when reaching a goal was described as motivating feedback. To be useful, the devices must be easy to handle. In this study, the users perceived wearables as easy to handle, whereas tablets were perceived difficult to maneuver. Users reported in the diaries that the devices had been functional 78% (58/74) of the total test days.

Conclusions

Activity monitors can be valuable for supporting seniors’ PA. However, the potential of the solutions for a broader group of seniors can significantly be increased. Areas of improvement include reliability, usability, and content supporting effective BCTs with respect to increasing older adults’ PA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sweden: , 2018
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-38640 (URN)10.2196/mhealth.8345 (DOI)000426415800015 ()29391342 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060370331 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Investigation of needs and requirements related to monitoring of physical activity in daily life: A qualitative study of older adults' experiences from using activity bracelets
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Ehn, M., Derneborg, M., Ekström, M. & Johansson, A.-C. (2017). Inter- disciplinary and -sectorial cooperation for development of technology supporting behavioral change: Peer reviewed poster abstract. In: : . Paper presented at Persuasive Technology XII, 2017 (Pers Tech 2017), Amsterdam.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inter- disciplinary and -sectorial cooperation for development of technology supporting behavioral change: Peer reviewed poster abstract
2017 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-37484 (URN)
Conference
Persuasive Technology XII, 2017 (Pers Tech 2017), Amsterdam
Projects
Technology support for health promotive behavioural change
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Ehn, M., Hansson, P., Sjölinder, M., Boman, I.-L. -., Folke, M., Sommerfeld, D., . . . Palmcrantz, S. (2015). Users perspectives on interactive distance technology enabling home-based motor training for stroke patients. In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, vol. 211: . Paper presented at 12th International Conference on Wearable Micro and Nano Technologies for Personalized Health, pHealth 2015, 2 June 2015 through 4 June 2015 (pp. 145-152).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Users perspectives on interactive distance technology enabling home-based motor training for stroke patients
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2015 (English)In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, vol. 211, 2015, p. 145-152Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this work has been to develop a technical support enabling home-based motor training after stroke. The basis for the work plan has been to develop an interactive technical solution supporting three different groups of stroke patients: (1) patients with stroke discharged from hospital with support from neuro team; (2) patients with stroke whose support from neuro team will be phased out and (3) patients living with impaired motor functions long-term. The technology has been developed in close collaboration with end-users using a method earlier evaluated and described [12]. This paper describes the main functions of the developed technology. Further, results from early user-tests with end-users, performed to identify needs for improvements to be carried out during further technical development. The developed technology will be tested further in a pilot study of the safety and, usefulness of the technology when applied as a support for motor training in three different phases of the post-stroke rehabilitation process. 

National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28794 (URN)10.3233/978-1-61499-516-6-145 (DOI)000455821300012 ()2-s2.0-84939245131 (Scopus ID)9781614995159 (ISBN)
Conference
12th International Conference on Wearable Micro and Nano Technologies for Personalized Health, pHealth 2015, 2 June 2015 through 4 June 2015
Available from: 2015-08-28 Created: 2015-08-28 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Ehn, M., Sjölinder, M., Boman, I.-L. -., Folke, M., Hansson, P., Sommerfeld, D., . . . Borg, J. (2014). A multi-disciplinary approach in the development of a stroke rehabilitation tool. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 8512: . Paper presented at 16th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Applications and Services, HCI International 2014; Heraklion, Crete; Greece; 22 June 2014 through 27 June 2014 (pp. 351-362). (PART 3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A multi-disciplinary approach in the development of a stroke rehabilitation tool
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2014 (English)In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 8512, 2014, no PART 3, p. 351-362Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This work describes a method used in the development of a stroke rehabilitation tool. The method was based on three key elements. The first key element was iterations between the use of broad groups with different professionals/stakeholders and small hands-on working groups with users from the same profession. The second key element was movement between understanding differences between different organizations and professionals and understanding of specific needs within the different organizations. The final key element was including implementation aspects from the very start of the work.

Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743 ; 8512
Keywords
Design methods, multi-disciplinary approach, participatory design, Human computer interaction, Design method, Implementation aspects, Key elements, Stroke rehabilitation, Working groups, Neuromuscular rehabilitation
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25677 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-07227-2_34 (DOI)2-s2.0-84903194650 (Scopus ID)9783319072265 (ISBN)
Conference
16th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Applications and Services, HCI International 2014; Heraklion, Crete; Greece; 22 June 2014 through 27 June 2014
Available from: 2014-07-14 Created: 2014-07-14 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ehn, M., Hansson, P., Sjölinder, M., Boman, I.-L., Folke, M., Sommerfeld, D. & Borg, J. (2014). Interaktiv distanslösning för motorisk träning av patienter med stroke i hemmiljö. In: Medicinteknikdagarna 2014 MTD10: . Paper presented at Medicinteknikdagarna 2014 MTD10, 14-16 Oct 2014, Göteborg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaktiv distanslösning för motorisk träning av patienter med stroke i hemmiljö
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2014 (English)In: Medicinteknikdagarna 2014 MTD10, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27166 (URN)
Conference
Medicinteknikdagarna 2014 MTD10, 14-16 Oct 2014, Göteborg, Sweden
Available from: 2014-12-22 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2014-12-22Bibliographically approved
Boman, I.-L., Ehn, M., Sjölinder, M., Folke, M., Hansson, P., Sommerfeld, D. & Borg, J. (2014). Users’ and health-care professionals’ contributions in developing a home-based stroke rehabilitation tool. In: : . Paper presented at 8th World Congress for Neurorehabilitation WCNR2014, 8-12 Apr 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Istanbul, Turkey
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Users’ and health-care professionals’ contributions in developing a home-based stroke rehabilitation tool
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2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Istanbul, Turkey: , 2014
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-26446 (URN)
Conference
8th World Congress for Neurorehabilitation WCNR2014, 8-12 Apr 2014, Istanbul, Turkey
Projects
Interaktiva distanslösningar för genomförande och uppföljning av strokerehabilitering i hemmiljö
Available from: 2014-11-01 Created: 2014-10-31 Last updated: 2014-12-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5179-7158

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