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Shahbazi, S., Jönsson, C., Wiktorsson, M., Kurdve, M. & Bjelkemyr, M. (2018). Material efficiency measurement: Swedish case studies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 181, 17-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Material efficiency measurement: Swedish case studies
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 181, p. 17-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A major factor in the continued deterioration of the global environment is unsustainable management of resources that includes the type and quantity of resources consumed and manufactured as well as the subsequent generation and treatment of wasted materials. Improved material efficiency (ME) in manufacturing is key to reducing resource consumption levels and improving waste management initiatives. However, ME must be measured, and related goals must be broken down into performance indicators for manufacturing companies. This paper aims to improve ME in manufacturing using a structured model for ME performance measurements. We present a set of ME key performance indicators (ME-KPIs) at the individual company and lower operational levels based on empirical studies and a structured literature review. Our empirical findings are based on data collected on the performance indicators and material and waste flows of nine manufacturing companies located in Sweden. The proposed model categorizes ME-KPIs into the following categories: productive input materials, auxiliary input materials, output products, and residual output materials. These categories must be measured equally to facilitate the measurement, assessment, improvement and reporting of material consumption and waste generation in a manufacturing context. Required qualities for ME-KPI suggested in literature are also discussed, and missing indicators are identified. Most of the identified ME-KPIs measure quality- and cost-related factors, while end-of-life scenarios, waste segregation and the environmental effects of waste generation and material consumption are not equally measured. Additionally, ME-KPIs must also be connected to pre-determined goals and that defining or revising ME-KPIs requires communication with various external and internal actors to increase employees’ awareness and engagement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-38518 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.215 (DOI)000428483100003 ()2-s2.0-85042354105 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-02-02 Created: 2018-02-02 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved
Andersson Schaeffer, J., Bjelkemyr, M., Chirumalla, K. & Eriksson, Y. (2018). The emergence of socio-material assemblages in a university, company, and municipality collaboration. In: Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Learning, ECEL: . Paper presented at 17th European Conference on e-Learning, ECEL 2018, 1 November 2018 through 2 November 2018 (pp. 506-512). Academic Conferences Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The emergence of socio-material assemblages in a university, company, and municipality collaboration
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Learning, ECEL, Academic Conferences Limited , 2018, p. 506-512Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we report on an attempt to let students, companies, and organisations themselves discover the kinds of technologies that could be useful when co-producing knowledge in a Master’s-level course in innovation and design. Traditionally, and for various good reasons such as security and stability, universities have had certain online tools and systems for collaboration, while companies and municipalities have had others. These systems support internal communication within organisations but do not necessarily enhance communication with external contacts. This use of different systems creates barriers to the iterative, recurring, convenient, non-hierarchical, and open online collaboration needed in an innovative design process involving multiple stakeholders. During a ten-week Master’s-level course in innovation and design in 2016 and 2017 the 38 students divided into five project groups established contact with five companies and organisations and could choose their own online tools in dialogue with them. This paper presents the students’ and organisations’ emerging practices during the process based on observations and reflective evaluations conducted during and after the course. The results are discussed in light of how socio-material assemblages formed in this special setting and how the results might be used to improve the teaching of online literacy in design collaboration. The result indicates that for co-production of knowledge in innovation and design projects, three new social media literacies would be useful: meta communication, peak performance, and design awareness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Conferences Limited, 2018
Keywords
Blended learning, Design collaboration, Online literacy, Socio-material assemblages, Curricula, Hierarchical systems, Online systems, Students, Co-production of knowledge, Internal communications, On-line collaborations, Security and stability, E-learning
National Category
Media and Communications Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41776 (URN)2-s2.0-85057951310 (Scopus ID)9781912764075 (ISBN)
Conference
17th European Conference on e-Learning, ECEL 2018, 1 November 2018 through 2 November 2018
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, Y., Bjelkemyr, M., Chirumalla, K. & Andersson Schaeffer, J. (2017). Teachers' Role in Blended Learning: The Emperor's new Clothes?. In: Mesquita, A Peres, P (Ed.), PROCEEDINGS OF THE 16TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON E-LEARNING (ECEL 2017): . Paper presented at 16th European Conference on e-Learning (ECEL), OCT 26-27, 2017, Polytechn Porto, Porto Accounting & Business Sch, Porto, PORTUGAL (pp. 163-168). ACAD CONFERENCES LTD
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teachers' Role in Blended Learning: The Emperor's new Clothes?
2017 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 16TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON E-LEARNING (ECEL 2017) / [ed] Mesquita, A Peres, P, ACAD CONFERENCES LTD , 2017, p. 163-168Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

From a theoretical perspective, this paper problematizes the future role of teachers in higher education, especially in the Swedish context, placing opportunities and raised challenges by blended learning in a historical context of distance education. Distance education was introduced in the late 19th century and has been offered by two main actors in Sweden: the correspondence school Hermods and universities. It has been viewed as a part of life-long learning, a concept introduced in the 1960s. The correspondence schools offered elementary education courses, and in-service training for various professions, while universities largely focused on higher education but also provided education or training commissioned by other organizations. Recently, the teaching requirements and role of the teacher in distance education have changed dramatically, from formulating exercises and commenting on students' work to giving videotaped lectures in English for an open audience. However, there is still a lack of appropriate guidance for teachers on effective pedagogical practice in the new settings. Specifically, there is an increasing need to support teachers in designing and creating effective videotaped lectures that are accessible for a dispersed audience. The TED talks seem to provide a role model for performance as a lecturer, but the average teacher hardly has time to both prepare regular face-to-face lectures and distance lectures, e.g. extensively rehearse before recording. The paper discusses how the challenges of future roles of teachers can be met when lecturing in front of a camera.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACAD CONFERENCES LTD, 2017
Series
Proceedings on the European Conference of e-Learning, ISSN 2048-8637
Keywords
distance education, correspondence school, blended-learning, recorded lectures
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-42996 (URN)000457842600022 ()2-s2.0-85037544162 (Scopus ID)978-1-911218-60-9 (ISBN)
Conference
16th European Conference on e-Learning (ECEL), OCT 26-27, 2017, Polytechn Porto, Porto Accounting & Business Sch, Porto, PORTUGAL
Available from: 2019-03-29 Created: 2019-03-29 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved
Marcus, B., Sasha, S., C., J. & Magnus, W. (2015). Individuals’ perception of which materials are most important to recycle. In: ADVANCES IN PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS: INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE GROWTH (AMPS 2015), PT I: . Paper presented at IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems (APMS), Musashi Univ, Tokyo, JAPAN, SEP 07-09, 2015 (pp. 723-729). , 459
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individuals’ perception of which materials are most important to recycle
2015 (English)In: ADVANCES IN PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS: INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE GROWTH (AMPS 2015), PT I, 2015, Vol. 459, p. 723-729Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this study, we have asked respondents to rank ten different waste fractions that are both common in manufacturing industry and easily recognizable. The purpose of the study has been to clarify to what extent individuals are able to identify the waste fractions that are most important to recycle from an environmental perspective. The individuals’ perception has then been correlated with a life cycle assessment of the ten materials. In addition, the respondents were also asked to rank the fractions according to cost. The results show that metals are consistently considered most important to recycle, and plastics are commonly among the top five amongst the ten waste fractions together with glass. The cellulose based fractions, cotton, and compost are commonly rated low. In addition, there is a perceived correlation between the environmental and economic impact.

Keywords
Material efficiency, Perceived recycling benefits, Waste management, Composting, Industrial management, Life cycle, Recycling, Sustainable development, Environmental and economic impacts, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Manufacturing industries, Waste fraction
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-30652 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-22756-6_88 (DOI)000380380800088 ()2-s2.0-84950156879 (Scopus ID)9783319227559 (ISBN)
Conference
IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems (APMS), Musashi Univ, Tokyo, JAPAN, SEP 07-09, 2015
Available from: 2015-12-30 Created: 2015-12-30 Last updated: 2017-02-02Bibliographically approved
Shahbazi, S., Sjödin, C., Bjelkemyr, M. & Wiktorsson, M. (2014). A foresight study on future trends influencing material consumption and waste generation in production. In: F. Frank Chen (Ed.), FAIM 2014 - Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: Capturing Competitive Advantage via Advanced Manufacturing and Enterprise Transformation: . Paper presented at 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2014; San Antonio; United States; 20 May 2014 through 23 May 2014; Code 116703 (pp. 249-257). San Antonio, Texas, United States: DEStech Publications, Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A foresight study on future trends influencing material consumption and waste generation in production
2014 (English)In: FAIM 2014 - Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: Capturing Competitive Advantage via Advanced Manufacturing and Enterprise Transformation / [ed] F. Frank Chen, San Antonio, Texas, United States: DEStech Publications, Inc. , 2014, p. 249-257Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There are boundless upcoming factors that influence future of material waste in production. This broad range of factors needs to be scanned, categorized and analyzed in a structured way. This paper by a foresight study, aims to give an insight and increase awareness about external macro-level future trends concerning raw material consumption and waste generation in production. A limited pilot study indicated that technological forecasting and some reaction upon obvious trends are being taken, although in an ad hoc manner and without structured tools. However, political influences, economic visions and social-cultural shifts were seldom or never discussed. External macro trends and tendencies were examined through PEST analysis to identify potentials and opportunities influencing strategic decisions and innovation initiatives. It is vital to understand the whole picture of possible changes and not only considering the technological trends, but also other relevant development areas that might affect production in different ways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
San Antonio, Texas, United States: DEStech Publications, Inc., 2014
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25150 (URN)2-s2.0-84960895460 (Scopus ID)978-1-60595-173-7 (ISBN)
Conference
24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2014; San Antonio; United States; 20 May 2014 through 23 May 2014; Code 116703
Projects
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing developmentMEMIMAN - Material Efficiency Management in Manufacturing
Available from: 2014-06-09 Created: 2014-06-05 Last updated: 2019-01-29Bibliographically approved
Shahbazi, S., Bjelkemyr, M., Jönsson, C. & Wiktorsson, M. (2014). The effect of environmental and economic perception on industrial waste management. In: 1st International EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum EurOMA.Sus: . Paper presented at 1st International EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum EurOMA.Sus, 24-25 Mar 2014, Groningen , Netherlands.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of environmental and economic perception on industrial waste management
2014 (English)In: 1st International EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum EurOMA.Sus, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The essence of industrial waste management is evaluated in term of economy and resource efficiency. With optimal waste management system companies are able to make a correct assessment when balancing the economic benefits and environmental risks. However, the economic and environmental benefits need to be known and understood to allow individuals making correct waste management decisions. In this study the ability of individuals to assess the economic and environmental impact of ten common waste fractions in manufacturing was examined. These results can be used to direct educational efforts to increase industrial waste management efficiency and enhance recyclability.

Keywords
Industrial waste management, waste segregation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25151 (URN)
Conference
1st International EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum EurOMA.Sus, 24-25 Mar 2014, Groningen , Netherlands
Projects
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing developmentMEMIMAN - Material Efficiency Management in Manufacturing
Available from: 2014-06-09 Created: 2014-06-05 Last updated: 2014-06-09Bibliographically approved
Gerth, R., Boqvist, A., Bjelkemyr, M. & Lindberg, B. (2013). Design for construction: Utilizing production experiences in development. Construction Management and Economics, 31, 135-150
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design for construction: Utilizing production experiences in development
2013 (English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 31, p. 135-150Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The design process has a significant impact on the performance and profitability of a housing project. Therefore, decisions made during the design process should take into consideration knowledge and experience from other processes in previously accomplished projects, specifically from the production phase. How to capture and use production experience in housing has not gained enough interest, possibly leading to sub-optimal improvements during the construction process. This motivates research on how onsite production experience from similar previous projects can be captured and used to improve constructability without risking customer values. Based on the concept of constructability, ’design for manufacturing and assembly’ and the theory of waste, the method ’design for construction’ (DFC) has been developed. The four-step model complements the conventional construction process, and consists of the following steps: (1) specify customer values and similar previous projects; (2) identify onsite waste and cost drivers in previous projects; (3) develop criteria to evaluate constructability; and (4) evaluate constructability of the design. The DFC method is exemplified and tested through a case study, in which it was shown that the method facilitated identification of all problems that were considered in the investigated project. The method also highlighted other project obstacles that potentially could have been solved to improve constructability. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-18266 (URN)10.1080/01446193.2012.756142 (DOI)2-s2.0-84873724767 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-02-22 Created: 2013-02-22 Last updated: 2017-09-27Bibliographically approved
Shahbazi, S., Kurdve, M., Bjelkemyr, M., Jönsson, C. & Wiktorsson, M. (2013). Industrial waste management within manufacturing: a comparative study of tools, policies, visions and concepts. In: : . Paper presented at The 11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013), Cranfield UK, 19 September - 20 September 2013 (pp. 637-642).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industrial waste management within manufacturing: a comparative study of tools, policies, visions and concepts
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2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Industrial waste is a key factor when assessing the sustainability of a manufacturing process or company. A multitude of visions, concepts, tools, and policies are used both academically and industrially to improve the environmental effect of manufacturing; a majority of these approaches have a direct bearing on industrial waste. The identified approaches have in this paper been categorised according to application area, goals, organisational entity, life cycle phase, and waste hierarchy stage; the approaches have also been assessed according to academic prevalence, semantic aspects, and overlaps. In many cases the waste management approaches have similar goals and approaches, which cause confusion and disorientation for companies aiming to synthesise their management systems to fit their waste management strategy. Thus, a study was performed on how waste management approaches can be integrated to reach the vision of zero waste in manufacturing.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-21368 (URN)978-1-907413-23-0 (ISBN)
Conference
The 11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013), Cranfield UK, 19 September - 20 September 2013
Projects
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing developmentXPRESMEMIMAN
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Available from: 2013-09-17 Created: 2013-09-11 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved
Bjelkemyr, M., Wiktorsson, M., Rösiö, C., Bruch, J. & Bellgran, M. (2013). Production Localization Factors: An Industrial and Literature Based Review. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013): . Paper presented at 11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, 19-20 September 2013, Cranfield University, UK (pp. 489-494). Cranfield, United Kingdom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Production Localization Factors: An Industrial and Literature Based Review
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2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013), Cranfield, United Kingdom, 2013, p. 489-494Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Decision are commonly based on the available or easily accessible information; this is also true for more complex assessments like production localization. Where to locate production is often a key strategic decisions that has great impact on a company’s profitability for a long time; insufficient business intelligence may therefore have grave consequences. Six production localization factor studies have been assessed to see if they are focusing on the same issues and if there are any gaps. A new approach for structuring localization factors and the localization process is then presented and assessed with regards to some previously identified critical issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cranfield, United Kingdom: , 2013
Keywords
production system, production localization, industrial study, localization factors.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-23563 (URN)978-1-907413-23-0 (ISBN)
Conference
11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, 19-20 September 2013, Cranfield University, UK
Projects
PROLOC - Manufacturing Footprint during the Product´s Life CycleXPRES
Available from: 2013-12-16 Created: 2013-12-16 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved
Shahbazi, S., Wiktorsson, M., Kurdve, M. & Bjelkemyr, M.Material efficiency in manufacturing: swedish evidence on potential, barriers and strategies.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Material efficiency in manufacturing: swedish evidence on potential, barriers and strategies
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

• Importance of higher waste segregation for improving material efficiency.• Presentation of barriers towards improved material efficiency in a new categorization.• Material efficiency barriers are mainly internal.• Lack of material efficiency strategy implementation in the manufacturing companies.

Keywords
Material efficiency, waste segregation, manufacturing sustainability, residual material, automotive, industrial waste management
National Category
Environmental Management
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering; Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27998 (URN)
Projects
MEMIMANINNOFACTURE
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 16135
Available from: 2015-05-22 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2016-12-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8309-7367

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