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Swenberg, ThorbjörnORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2006-4522
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Swenberg, T., Kostela, J. & Saveljeff, S. (2023). Expectations on the University – the Design of its Role in a RIS. In: Proceedings: . Paper presented at 24th CINet Conference: Taking care of our future, foresight and innovation for a sustainable world, Linz, Austria, 17-19 September, 2023 (pp. 460-472). CINet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expectations on the University – the Design of its Role in a RIS
2023 (English)In: Proceedings, CINet , 2023, p. 460-472Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There are many expectations on Higher Education Institutions (HEI:s) from a range of other actors and organizations to involve and engage in systematic regional innovation and development. Likewise, attempts to achieve such involvement and engagement are many, but success is varied. This paper analyzes the consequences of multifaceted expectations on HEI:s from regional actors, for the involvement and engagement of academics in systematic innovation. Issues of conflict are discovered that constitute obstacles for collaboration. The aim of this study is to highlight disagreements regarding the university’s role in (regional) innovation systems in order to help solve such issues. Theoretically, we approach innovation systems as social systems, and consider systems as subjects of design. Empirically, we have collected policy documents (including figures), interviews, and workshop discussions between representatives for local and regional public administration, intermediary organizations, the university, as well as others, from four Swedish regions. We conclude by providing a set of considerations possible for use when designing the role of the university in an innovation system, thus facilitating a broader and deeper involvement and engagement of academics in innovation processes, or the support of such processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CINet, 2023
Keywords
innovation involvement, innovation engagement, innovation system functions, innovation agency
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Forskargrupp/Seminariegrupp, Audiovisuella seminariet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64823 (URN)978-90-77360-26-2 (ISBN)
Conference
24th CINet Conference: Taking care of our future, foresight and innovation for a sustainable world, Linz, Austria, 17-19 September, 2023
Funder
Dalarna University
Available from: 2023-09-22 Created: 2023-11-28 Last updated: 2023-11-28Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T., Kostela, J. & Saveljeff, S. (2020). Regional “Innovation Systems” vis-à-vis “Innovation Support Systems" – Is clarification needed?. Industry & higher education, 34(6), 371-376
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional “Innovation Systems” vis-à-vis “Innovation Support Systems" – Is clarification needed?
2020 (English)In: Industry & higher education, ISSN 0950-4222, E-ISSN 2043-6858, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 371-376Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How language is used has political implications as well as communicational consequences. Regional development, using means of systematic support for innovation, is a widespread phenomenon globally that also includes numerous political ambitions and implications. This article argues that ambiguities regarding the use of terms such as ‘innovation system’ and ‘innovation support system’ need to be clarified to improve communication in this field, as well as to reveal underlying political ideas on how systematic support for innovation should be carried out, by drawing on examples from studies of regional systems. Such ambiguities contribute significantly to the often-mentioned lack of involvement and engagement in regional development on the part of higher education institutions and academics. Examining key terms and concepts of this discourse, in the interests of promoting a common and stringent use of terminology, helps to illuminate whether the desired academic involvement in innovation processes relates to ideation, implementation and commercialization, or to support for processes through the contribution of knowledge and expertise.

Keywords
innovation process, innovation involvement, innovation engagement, innovation system functions, innovation agency, Higher Educational Institutions
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Economics and Business Economic Geography
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64837 (URN)10.1177/0950422220909301 (DOI)000523802500001 ()2-s2.0-85081603131 (Scopus ID)
Projects
RegIno
Available from: 2023-11-28 Created: 2023-11-28 Last updated: 2023-11-28Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T., Kostela, J. & Saveljeff, S. (2019). Design Matters for the Role of the University in a Regional Innovation System. In: : . Paper presented at The University-Industry Engagement Conference, Sydney, Australia 11-13 February 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design Matters for the Role of the University in a Regional Innovation System
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The role of a university in an innovation system can take on various forms. The design of that role depends on how the university enters into collaboration with other parties in the innovation system, and how they all contribute to this design. Here, we apply a social system’s design perspective, and point out some key issues and aspects that should be considered if the role of universities is to be purposefully designed, rather than formed ad hoc.

The purpose of such a design would be to support a wide scope of mutual benefits for the university and its collaborators – a “maximum output” from the engagement. The aim here is to point out concrete matters for the system’s designer(s) to consider, in order to create a role for the university in the innovation system that embraces a range of the university’s assets and capacities. Therefore, we address a number of critical issues and aspects affecting the functioning of the university in regard to an associated regional innovation system. Why these factors are critical will also be discussed.

The paper stems from a pilot-project, where 16 semi-structured interviews from four (4) different Swedish regions were analysed, including regional innovation system executives, university innovation officers and leaders, as well as university research group leaders. We have analysed the reason why certain issues are critical for success when designing a university’s role in a regional innovation system:

First, a university's contribution to the support of an innovation system through expertise consultancy and resources require other factors than participation in the innovation process by knowledge involvement does. Second, within the university there is a tendency to make a distinction between the ideation part and the utilisation part of the innovation process: different units at the university tend to show more engagement in different aspects of the process. Third, research commission is at heart for both university researchers and external parties. Fourth, the university comprises multifaceted capacities and potentials to sustain core functions in the innovation processes: as a meeting place; as a strategic knowledge broker; or as a driving force. Fifth, a university’s various networks  is a resource that might be underestimated by external parties. Sixth, much of collaborative innovation is accomplished in smaller units within the university, far from centralised university administration. Centralisation supports the university’s relations to external parties, whereas de-centralised and independent involvement of university units supports direct and efficient collaboration.  

To maximise the output from the university’s engagement in the innovation system, the university’s role must be designed to distinguish between involvement in, or support of, innovation processes, between internal and external context requirements, and between what functions are suitable for innovation collaboration for different units of the university.

Keywords
University role, Design matters, Innovation engagement, Innovation system, Innovation support, Regional development
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64815 (URN)
Conference
The University-Industry Engagement Conference, Sydney, Australia 11-13 February 2019
Projects
RegIno
Available from: 2019-02-26 Created: 2023-11-28Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T., Kostela, J. & Saveljeff, S. (2019). Disjunctive External and Internal Ideas on the University's Role in a Regional Innovation System. In: : . Paper presented at The University-Industry Engagement Conference, Sydney, Australia 11-13 February 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disjunctive External and Internal Ideas on the University's Role in a Regional Innovation System
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Regional innovation systems are recurrently presented by model figures. The purpose of such figures is to monitor certain ideas regarding each presented system. The topic of this paper is the role of the University represented through such model figures, and what ideas such figures are created to promote. In analysing the models, a visual communication perspective is paired with network notions.

The current objective is to discuss what politics can be found behind the idea promotion, when figures created within a university is compared to figures created outside of it. The aim is to clarify core differences between motives underlying the engagement of a university in its associated regional innovation system, by taking on the research question: How should we understand the disjunctions between model imagery on the University’s role in a regional innovation system used by people inside and outside of the University, respectively?

The research method used in this pilot-project, focusing on the Dalarna region of Sweden, is an analysis of policy documents in combination with interviews. The policy documents come from universities, as well as from other institutions engaged in regional innovation systems. Primarily the model figure of the regional innovation system presented by Region Dalarna (http://www.regiondalarna.se/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Mobilisera-for-tillvaxt-Innovationsarbete-och-smart-specialisering.pdf [p.18]) is compared to Dalarna University’s model figure of its regional collaboration self-understanding (https://www.du.se/sv/Samverkan/Lägesrapport och slutrapport – Förstudie Högskolan Dalarnas roll i det regionala innovationssystemet.pdf [p.11]), and analysed in regard to policy documents on the Dalarna innovation system. Semi-structured interviews are also made with regional innovation system executives, university innovation officers and leaders, as well as university research group leaders, 14 interviews in total, spread across four (4) different Swedish regions.

The results are several: there are commonalities in the understanding of the university’s role in the Dalarna innovation system, inside and outside of Dalarna University, but also several disjunctions:

(1)   It is a common understanding that there could be cooperation between the university and others based on research, and/or through education.

(2)   One disjunction regard whether the university should act as one centrally organized hub for such collaboration, or function through a more scattered and self-organized set of units, in accordance with specific knowledge areas, where collaboration takes place.

(3)   Another disjunction appears concerning the university’s role in regard to innovation, whether it should be expected to be involved in the very innovation processes, or be an external part in support of innovation by providing resources and expertise for those that innovate.

(4)   A third disjunction concerns the university’s regional engagement, whether its prime efforts should be focused inwards the region, or if it is more important to function as a network provider and facilitator towards other regions as well as globally.

(5)   The fourth encountered disjunction regards weather the university should take on the intermediating role as a (strategic) knowledge broker that connects and encourages parties to innovation collaboration, or, yet again, the active role as the (leading) driving force in collective innovation processes, covering entire strategic areas of intervention.

(6)   A more delicate disjunction, the fifth, is the different views on knowledge, where the external expectations on the university is to deliver configured pieces of knowledge, from research or education, ready to exploit into innovation and business, whereas the university’s internal understanding is that knowledge should be developed during the collaborative process, jointly with the external parties.

The implications of these results are that (1) the common attitude of the possibility for the university to be involved in the regional innovation system which constitutes the vital starting point for such involvement to be achieved in a systematic and meaningful way. The disjunctions are in that sense topics for negotiation: (2) how much the university should centralize its innovation system involvement must be balanced against the benefits of free and active collaboration with external parties on the level of units and individuals within the organization; (3) to what degree supportive functions for an innovation system should be expected from a university, or from others, and what actual innovation activities the university should be involved in, or not; (4) weather the university should have a more operative engagement within the region, or rather emphasize its capacity as a bridge towards other regions and countries through its networks; (5) in what regards it is useful that the university has a more strategic or leading role in terms of broking knowledge, or driving innovation processes; and (6) what are the goals and terms of collaboration – exploitation of existing knowledge or mutual development of new knowledge?

We see, as the main outcomes of this study, that the outset for a university to engage in the regional innovation system is affirmative, when involvement is recognized as possible in both research and education, from within as well as from outside the university. The existing disjunctions regarding a university’s role in the innovation system, though, present a challenge for negotiation, which, if not taken seriously, risks a collapse of collaborations and a failure of the involvement.

Keywords
terms of involvement, centralization, self-organisation, global networks, regional focus, meeting place, knowledge broker, driving force
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64816 (URN)
Conference
The University-Industry Engagement Conference, Sydney, Australia 11-13 February 2019
Projects
RegIno
Available from: 2019-02-26 Created: 2023-11-28Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T. & Eriksson, Y. (2018). Film and Television Production as Audiovisual Design. International Journal of Visual Design (1), 39-51
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Film and Television Production as Audiovisual Design
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Visual Design, ISSN 2325-1581, no 1, p. 39-51Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Industrial film and television production (FTP) includes many elements of creative work on sounds and images that are best addressed as audiovisual design. Two paradigmatic understandings of design, “design-as-problem-solving” and “design-as-meaning-creation”, have a bearing on these elements. The issues dealt with during FTP work processes, as well as the problems to be solved and the characteristics of the work processes used, resemble issues, problems, and process characteristics within design work. From the perspective of audiovisual communication, both the design and production aspects of a process are considered to make an important impact on a message. In FTP, these aspects are blurred. This paper discusses the benefits of approaching FTP as creation of audiovisual communication, in which design is an integrated part of that process. The benefits of considering FTP as audiovisual design are proposed from a design research perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Common Ground Publishing, 2018
National Category
Studies on Film Design Media Studies
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35638 (URN)10.18848/2325-1581/CGP/v12i01/39-51 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-06-09 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T. (2016). Editorial intentions and viewer perceptions: An audiovisual methodology for studying film editing and eye movements. Visual Methodologies, 4(2), 13-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial intentions and viewer perceptions: An audiovisual methodology for studying film editing and eye movements
2016 (English)In: Visual Methodologies, ISSN 2040-5456, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 13-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents an audio-visual methodology, VOSMET, designed to address activities of the craft of film editing, with a focus on the use of perception, and its implications. The methodology employs 13 different visual aspects and five different audio aspects, starting with video-recording observations of an editor, and ending with the analysis of eye-tracking data from film viewers. Craft research needs methodologies that address craft activities and cognitive approaches. Design practices share a similar need for reaching deeper understanding. It is neither established how film editors achieve perceptual precision in continuity editing in practice. The VOSMET methodology simultaneously captures bodily actions, utterances, software events, and keystrokes, along with the audiovisual material under processing, and uses graphics to distinguish between what takes place. The methodology also contributes by grasping what a film editor attends to, how this attention functions, as well as how perceptual factors are handled by the film editor. Finally, the methodology can evaluate editorial intentions against film viewer perceptions.

Keywords
documentary film editing; screen-recording video; video-graphic coding; eye tracking; perceptual precision, dokumentärfilmklippning, skärmdumpsvideo, video-grafisk kodning, ögonrörelsestudier, perceptuell precision
National Category
Design Other Humanities not elsewhere specified Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35644 (URN)
Available from: 2017-06-09 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T. (2015). Editorial intentions and viewer perceptions: Audiovisual methods for studying film editing and eye movements. In: : . Paper presented at 4th International Visual Methods Conference, Brighton,16 - 18 September 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial intentions and viewer perceptions: Audiovisual methods for studying film editing and eye movements
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This presentation describes the methods used in a research project on continuity film editing and its effects on viewer perception.  Film editing is considered a form of audiovisual design work in which visual perception plays a significant role. The study analyzes audiovisual design work in terms of nine different visual aspects and four different audio aspects. The audio aspects are the making of a soundtrack to a documentary film sequence, recordings of conversations during observations, and the viewing of the film sequence, as well as an analysis of those recordings. The visual aspects include the editing of the documentary film sequence, recordings of the editor at work (together with an observing researcher) generating video images of the work, and a continuous screen-recording including computer keystrokes. An altered second version of the film in which the edits were altered was created, and both versions were used as stimuli in an eye tracking study with 30 participants. Finally, eye-tracking data was analyzed in terms of eye-movements, and areas of interest, in order to determine the importance of perceptual precision. When perceptual precision is poor, the viewer’s eyes make extra movements to adjust or miss the area of interest, or the viewer’s cognitive load increases. Examples are given in the presentation, and it is suggested that these methods make it possible to identify key audiovisual factors that a film editor considers, which constitute viewer-friendly and viewer-challenging (i.e. ’smooth’ and ‘harsh’) moving image editing. This knowledge has not been documented experimentally before, and understanding how perceptual precision determines viewer-friendly or viewer-challenging film editing is a key factor in helping inexperienced film editors learn how to achieve their audiovisual intentions. It also contributes to the academic understanding of perceptual considerations in design work.

Keywords
documentary film editing, screen-recording video, video-graphic coding, eye tracking, perceptual precision
National Category
Studies on Film Design
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35653 (URN)
Conference
4th International Visual Methods Conference, Brighton,16 - 18 September 2015
Available from: 2017-06-09 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T. & Eriksson, P. E. (2015). Film and TV Industry Responses to Research Results in a Workshop Setting. In: Vesna Popovic, Alethea Blacker, Ding-Bang Luh, Nithikul Nimkulrat, Ben Kraal, and Yukari Nagai (Ed.), IASDR2015 Interplay Proccedings: . Paper presented at INTERPLAY between design, science, technology and the arts at the IASDR 2015 Congress in Brisbane, Australia, 2 – 5 November 2015 (pp. 1917-1931).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Film and TV Industry Responses to Research Results in a Workshop Setting
2015 (English)In: IASDR2015 Interplay Proccedings / [ed] Vesna Popovic, Alethea Blacker, Ding-Bang Luh, Nithikul Nimkulrat, Ben Kraal, and Yukari Nagai, 2015, p. 1917-1931Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Immediate return of results to the Swedish film and TV industry from researchers conducting ongoing research within the field is rather unusual. As a design research approach we, as researchers, adopted this method in order to disseminate results and confront a wider group of interest parties than those represented by our informants.

The results from the research project, New Design Processes in the Audiovisual Industry, revealed that the transition from recording on celluloid with analogue film cameras to using high definition video cameras presented new cruxes for the film and TV industries (Eriksson & Swenberg, 2012). These cruxes preliminary concerned the choice of proper video codecs and file formats and how to configure them, in order to reinforce efficient workflow later in the production chain.

Members of the industry and educators were invited to participate in public workshops, held at Dalarna University, where these results were presented along with expert solutions to the problems. Questionnaires were distributed among participants before the start of each workshop, as well as at the end. Seminars and panel discussions, both consisting of question and answer sessions for participants were video-recorded.

The responses extrapolated from industrial representatives show an urgent need for discussion regarding the situation of digital cruxes within the film and TV industry. The Q & A sessions confirmed the widespread need for understanding several of the problems that had emerged. In the questionnaires, many industrial representatives expressed their appreciation for the opportunity to understand the nature of problems, how widespread they were, how to address them, and how to fill some of the most critical prevalent knowledge gaps.

Keywords
co-creation, digital media, TV/Film industry, film production
National Category
Media Engineering Design Studies on Film
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35654 (URN)978-0-646-94318-3 (ISBN)
Conference
INTERPLAY between design, science, technology and the arts at the IASDR 2015 Congress in Brisbane, Australia, 2 – 5 November 2015
Funder
EU, European Research Council
Available from: 2017-06-09 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T. (2015). Kvalitetsbedömning inom högre medieproduktionsutbildning. In: : . Paper presented at Nätverkskonferens för Medieproduktion, Falun, 14-15 maj 2015. Falun
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kvalitetsbedömning inom högre medieproduktionsutbildning
2015 (Swedish)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Falun: , 2015
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35647 (URN)
Conference
Nätverkskonferens för Medieproduktion, Falun, 14-15 maj 2015
Available from: 2017-06-09 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
Swenberg, T. (2013). Media Production or Audiovisual Design?. In: Ali Simsek, Agah Gumus, Fahme Dabaj (Ed.), : . Paper presented at International Conference on Communication, Media, Technology and Design (pp. 128-134).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Media Production or Audiovisual Design?
2013 (English)In: / [ed] Ali Simsek, Agah Gumus, Fahme Dabaj, 2013, p. 128-134Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Media production includes many moments of creative work that would be best addressed as audiovisual design. The two paradigmatic understandings of design, ‘design-as-problem-solving’ (Simon, 1996), and ‘design-as-meaning-creation’ (Krippendorf, 1995), have bearing on those work-moments. The issues dealt with during those media production work-moments, as well as the problems to solve and the characteristics of the work-processes in use, resemble issues, problems and process characteristics familiar within design work (Sato & Poggenpohl, 2009).From a perspective of communication, audiovisual communication preferably is addressed as multimodal (Kress & van Leeuwen, 2001) where both strata, design and production, are considered to make important impact on a message.This paper discusses the theoretical implications of considering media production as audiovisual communication during its process of being created, where design is an integrated part of that process. The benefits of considering media production as audiovisual design are proposed from a design research perspective, and are compared with other perspectives.

National Category
Design Studies on Film Media Engineering
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-22339 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Communication, Media, Technology and Design
Funder
EU, European Research Council
Available from: 2013-11-01 Created: 2013-11-01 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2006-4522

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