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Asadi, N., Jackson, M. & Fundin, A. (2019). Implications of realizing mix flexibility in assembly systems for product modularity—A case study. Journal of manufacturing systems, 52, 13-22
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implications of realizing mix flexibility in assembly systems for product modularity—A case study
2019 (English)In: Journal of manufacturing systems, ISSN 0278-6125, E-ISSN 1878-6642, Vol. 52, p. 13-22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To enable the production of high product variety, mix flexibility in assembly systems is of paramount importance for manufacturing companies. Mixed-product assembly lines (MPALs) are growing as the key means of realizing mix flexibility in many manufacturing sectors, as they absorb volume fluctuations and offer high product variety. With the increasing product variety in MPALs, these assembly systems are becoming more complex. However, the practical challenges of these assembly systems, in particular those concerning product design, have not been adequately addressed. By performing a case study of a heavy machinery manufacturing company, this paper investigates the implications of realizing mix flexibility in an assembly system for product modularity. The findings pinpoint the low level of product modularity in assembly as the most important challenge in MPALs. Accordingly, realizing mix flexibility in an MPAL impacts product modularity through establishing a common assembly sequence and defining similar module contents across distinct product families.

Keywords
Assembly system, Mix flexibility, Mixed-product assembly line, Product design, Product modularity, Assembly machines, Flexible manufacturing systems, Riveting, Assembly sequence, Assembly systems, Manufacturing companies, Manufacturing sector, Product assembly, Product families, Volume fluctuations, Assembly
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-43498 (URN)10.1016/j.jmsy.2019.04.010 (DOI)000488660800002 ()2-s2.0-85065784270 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-11 Created: 2019-06-11 Last updated: 2019-10-17Bibliographically approved
Fundin, A., Bergquist, B., Eriksson, H. & Gremyr, I. (2018). Challenges and propositions for research in quality management. International Journal of Production Economics, 199, 125-137
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges and propositions for research in quality management
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 199, p. 125-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

From its inception, the field of quality management (QM) has been characterised by practice-driven development. Although QM has reached maturity as a field of research based on empirical enquiry, its practitioners still struggle to adapt QM implementations to reap their benefits. This study aims to identify their challenges to better understand how contemporary QM research addresses them. We propose approaches to bridge the potential relevance gaps between research and practice. A Delphi study of QM practitioners in Swedish private and public organisations, several of which operate globally, generated 49 challenges. An exploratory factor analysis was performed to cluster these challenges into themes, and the literature was reviewed to investigate how each theme has been addressed in QM research. The empirical investigation identified three themes related to future QM challenges—organisations’ adaptability to rapid changes in the business environment, quality as a strategic concern for business owners, and managerial ownership of quality. By analysing these challenges, six propositions for future research were proposed to reduce potential relevance gaps. Future research should focus on how to make QM a strategic concern for owners, and explore how it can contribute to organisational ambidexterity and adaptability. Research should also determine how context influences the way QM is applied, and investigate how it can improve organisational learning and innovation. Finally, research should indicate how top managers can adopt the responsibilities of quality managers, and explore the ways the principal values of QM can be better integrated into organisations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2018
Keywords
Ambidexterity, Delphi study, Organisational adaptability, Quality management, Relevance gap, Factor analysis, Managers, Business environments, Empirical investigation, Exploratory factor analysis, Organisational, Organisational learning
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-38848 (URN)10.1016/j.ijpe.2018.02.020 (DOI)000432905000011 ()2-s2.0-85043267321 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-15 Created: 2018-03-15 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved
Svensson Harari, N., Fundin, A. & Carlsson, A.-L. (2018). Components of the Design Process of Flexible and Reconfigurable Assembly Systems. Paper presented at 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018). Procedia Manufacturing, 25(8), 549-556
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Components of the Design Process of Flexible and Reconfigurable Assembly Systems
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, no 8, p. 549-556Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Assembly systems need to manage changes in products and volume. During the design process, preconditions for the operation of assembly systems are generated. The purpose of this paper is to identify the components of the design process of flexible and reconfigurable assembly systems. Literature reviews were conducted and empirical data from six research studies were analyzed to report the results. The authors suggest that the findings can give a clearer overview of the components in these design processes and support studies about relations between components as well as practitioners with a holistic view during the design work.

Keywords
design process, assembly system, flexibility, reconfigurability
National Category
Engineering and Technology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41699 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.118 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065674362 (Scopus ID)
Conference
8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018)
Projects
XPRES - Excellence in Production ResearchINNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing development
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Fundin, A., Backström, T. & Johansson, P. E. (2018). Exploring the emergent quality management paradigm. In: The Excellence summit Excellence sum: . Paper presented at The Excellence summit Excellence sum, 12 Sep 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the emergent quality management paradigm
2018 (English)In: The Excellence summit Excellence sum, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Engineering and Technology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41720 (URN)
Conference
The Excellence summit Excellence sum, 12 Sep 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Stålberg, L. & Fundin, A. (2018). Lean production integration adaptable to dynamic conditions. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 29(8), 1358-1375
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lean production integration adaptable to dynamic conditions
2018 (English)In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 29, no 8, p. 1358-1375Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to understand how a continuous improvement (CI) approach like lean production (LP) integration is affected by dynamic conditions and to propose how LP integration can be adaptable to dynamic conditions. Design/methodology/approach A longitudinal case study has been conducted in which data were collected through participative observations, observations, documents and an in-depth semi-structured interview. Findings The adaptability is related to the maturity level of the LP integration, where more mature organisations are better equipped to deal with the challenges occurring due to their learning and experimentation capabilities. The main problem is that the LP integration needs to be adapted, like compromising with just-in-time. This creates challenges to more immature organisations; they do not seem to be able to adapt the LP integration since the skills are lacking. Research limitations/implications The research limitations are associated with the research design and therefore might limit generalisation of the context studied. Practical implications The management needs to stay focused on the LP integration to continue building CI capability. There is a need to adapt the LP concept, which includes assessing how proposed changes and the LP concept interact in order to make them reinforce each other. This involves creating guidelines concerning adaptation and facilitating a transition from mainly single-loop learning to double-loop learning. Originality/value This paper contributes by describing challenges that have an impact on LP integration and related organisational adaptability under dynamic conditions.

National Category
Engineering and Technology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39080 (URN)10.1108/JMTM-02-2018-0055 (DOI)000447320500005 ()2-s2.0-85053029516 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-26 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved
Fundin, A. (2018). Strategies for emergent quality management. In: Participatory Innovation Conference 2018 PIN-C 2018: . Paper presented at 5th Participatory Innovation Conference 2018 PIN-C 2018, 11-13 Jan 2018, Eskilstuna, Sweden (pp. 14-20).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategies for emergent quality management
2018 (English)In: Participatory Innovation Conference 2018 PIN-C 2018, 2018, p. 14-20Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores strategies for emergent quality improvement, which involve managing both efficiency and effectiveness, or the 'quality dilemma'. An empirical investigation is conducted with seventeen quality managers, representing organisations in ten private companies and one organisation in the public sector. The results indicate five distinct themes of importance to manage the quality dilemma: 1) leadership, 2) the quality organisation, 3) prioritisation, 4) knowledge and competence, and 5) the quality profession. While the dilemmas are categorised into five distinct and critical themes, the second part of the results present tactics regarding how to move positions towards emergent quality management: perspectives, processes, and decision support. The conclusions imply that the current method of organising quality improvement must be revised.

National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-38632 (URN)
Conference
5th Participatory Innovation Conference 2018 PIN-C 2018, 11-13 Jan 2018, Eskilstuna, Sweden
Projects
XPRES - Excellence in Production ResearchINNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing development
Available from: 2018-03-06 Created: 2018-03-06 Last updated: 2018-03-06Bibliographically approved
Osterman, C. & Fundin, A. (2018). Understanding company specific Lean production systems. Is Lean getting lost in translation?. In: 25th Annual EurOMA conference EurOMA: . Paper presented at 25th Annual EurOMA conference EurOMA, 24 Jun 2018, Budapest, Hungary. Budapest, Hungary
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding company specific Lean production systems. Is Lean getting lost in translation?
2018 (English)In: 25th Annual EurOMA conference EurOMA, Budapest, Hungary, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This research explores how Lean could be translated from a generic concept into a company specific production system (XPS). These types of translations are in practise often made by a XPS Support Function (XPS SF). The XPS SF of three cases serves as respondents. Theoretical implications of this research concern the translation of Lean as an important tool to understand the integration of Lean. Managerial implications concern the role of using translations of all Lean principles to develop a system that develops over time. Even if Lean is not completely lost in translation there are considerable difficulties to overcome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Budapest, Hungary: , 2018
Keywords
Lean, Production system, Translation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-40883 (URN)
Conference
25th Annual EurOMA conference EurOMA, 24 Jun 2018, Budapest, Hungary
Projects
XPRES - Excellence in Production ResearchINNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing development
Available from: 2018-09-18 Created: 2018-09-18 Last updated: 2018-09-18Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, Y. & Fundin, A. (2018). Visual management for a dynamicstrategic change. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 31(3), 712-727
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visual management for a dynamicstrategic change
2018 (English)In: Journal of Organizational Change Management, ISSN 0953-4814, E-ISSN 1758-7816, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 712-727Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – Strategic changes in an organization will face challenges not only related to the changes as suchbut also with regard to how the vision of the future is interpreted and understood by the organization.Visual management is a field of research that could contribute to change management research as a meansto facilitate management of the dynamics in a change process and to facilitate the process ofcommunication. The purpose of this paper is to problematize episodic change processes with regard tocommunication and to contribute with a proposed model on how to facilitate dynamic strategic changemanagement using visual management.Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses an interdisciplinary approach by linking changemanagement literature to visual communication to be used for visual management.Findings – A proposed model presents how a dynamic episodic change process can be managed in terms ofvisual management, potential pitfalls to avoid, and what ambidextrous capabilities are needed throughout thecomplete episodic change.Research limitations/implications – The proposed model is still yet theoretical, based on a literaturereview of dynamic change management and visual communication. Future research will validate the model inpractice to confirm its robustness.Practical implications – An implementation of visual management in Kotter’s (1995) eight steps on how tostrategically manage change in combination with theories on ambidexterity and episodic change is suggested.Originality/value – The paper contributes to how visual management can support change management bycombining visual communication and change management.Keywords Quality management, Change management, Strategic planning, Operations management,Visual management, Visual

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39224 (URN)10.1108/JOCM-05-2016-0103 (DOI)000432185700014 ()2-s2.0-85046739135 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15 Last updated: 2018-05-31Bibliographically approved
Asadi, N., Jackson, M., Augustsson, P. & Fundin, A. (2017). An assembly-oriented product design methodology to develop similar assembly operations in a mixed-product assembly line. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED: . Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2017, 21 August 2017 through 25 August 2017 (pp. 131-140). Design Society (DS87-5)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An assembly-oriented product design methodology to develop similar assembly operations in a mixed-product assembly line
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Design Society , 2017, no DS87-5, p. 131-140Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With the growing demands for product variety, Mixed-Product Assembly Lines (MPALs) as an effective means of creating product variety are recently increasing in manufacturing companies. However, handling different products from distinct product families creates high complexity in performing assembly operations in an MPAL. The elevated complexity, calls for increased similarity between assembly operations in an MPAL which requires product design changes accordingly. Hence, the objective of this paper is to suggest an assembly-oriented product design methodology to increase similar assembly operations for various products cross-product families. The proposed methodology uses Interface Diagram, a product architecture modelling tool, for comparing assembly operations crossproduct families, suggesting an assembly-oriented design, and communicating it to designers. The methodology has been developed by conducting a case study in heavy vehicle manufacturing industry. The results highlight a visual approach towards establishing a common language between assembly and design teams to consider the requirements of an MAPL in product design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Design Society, 2017
National Category
Design Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36677 (URN)000455224400014 ()2-s2.0-85029796467 (Scopus ID)
Conference
21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2017, 21 August 2017 through 25 August 2017
Available from: 2017-10-06 Created: 2017-10-06 Last updated: 2019-03-29Bibliographically approved
Backström, T., Fundin, A. & Johansson, P. (2017). Conclusions. In: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255: (pp. 167-171). Springer New York LLC
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conclusions
2017 (English)In: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, p. 167-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this concluding chapter, each of the previous chapters are reflected upon based on the emergent quality management paradigm presented in Chap. 9 by Backström. This book introduces four processes: innovation, production, knowledge creation, and value creation processes. It is emphasised that companies must prioritise and develop all four of these processes to survive and prosper. Throughout the book, dichotomies associated with these processes have been elaborated on and discussed. Historically, these dichotomies have often created dilemmas owing to the current understanding of their relations. However, as suggested in this book, alternative perspectives can be used in a constructive way to resolve these potentially high-impact dilemmas. Recognising the dichotomies as mutually dependent gives further possibilities for the development of production systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer New York LLC, 2017
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36198 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-55985-8_10 (DOI)2-s2.0-85024503073 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-55984-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-10 Created: 2017-08-10 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3187-7932

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