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Almqvist, A.-L. & Lassinantti, K. (2024). Tensions and change in liminal spaces – Young people in Swedish out-of-home care. Children and youth services review, 157, Article ID 107395.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tensions and change in liminal spaces – Young people in Swedish out-of-home care
2024 (English)In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 157, article id 107395Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to further the understanding of young people's experiences of out-of-home care (OHC). The focus will be on the tension between negative and positive experiences of OHC, refracted through the concept of liminality. The study is based on semi-structured interviews with 10 young people aged 15–22 (7 women, 3 men) with long-term contact with social services and psychiatric care. OHC can be experienced as a liminal space in both a negative and a positive sense. It is negative when perceived as containment rather than meaningful treatment. It can also be a negative experience when connected to fear, a lack of influence, and uncertainty in terms of being in between the social services and psychiatric care. It is positive when it is perceived as a turning point that enables positive change. It is then connected to feelings of meaningfulness, being respected, hope, and empowerment. The young people participating in the study also connect their experiences of OHC to a context of greater austerity in the welfare state. They reflect upon the benfits of OHC in terms of costs for society, but also the costs for the young person if the OHC is not perceived as meaningful support leading towards positive change. The participants have complex, interrelated needs and problems, and they also experience institutional gaps between psychiatric care and social services. It is important to overcome these gaps, so that young people are not located in ‘in-between spaces’ in terms of service provision. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2024
Keywords
Complexity, Liminality, Out-of-home care, Sweden, Young people
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-65684 (URN)10.1016/j.childyouth.2023.107395 (DOI)001151957100001 ()2-s2.0-85182439578 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-01-24 Created: 2024-01-24 Last updated: 2024-02-07Bibliographically approved
Appelgren Engström, H., Borneskog, C., Häggström-Nordin, E. & Almqvist, A.-L. (2022). Professionals' experiences of supporting two-mother families in antenatal and child health care in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professionals' experiences of supporting two-mother families in antenatal and child health care in Sweden
2022 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background In Sweden, antenatal and child health care are offered free of charge to all expectant and new parents. Professionals in antenatal and child health care play an important role in supporting parents. Previous research shows that same-sex mothers face heteronormative assumptions and insufficient support during their transition to parenthood. Objective To explore professionals' experiences of supporting two-mother families in antenatal and child health care. Method A qualitative method with focus group discussions was used. An interview guide was followed, and the discussions were held online. The data was analysed according to inductive content analysis. Settings and participants The participants were midwives (n = 8) and nurses (n = 5) in antenatal and child health care from different parts of Sweden. Participants were recruited through the coordinating midwives and child health care nurses in the different regions. Findings One main category was identified: Striving to be open-minded in supporting same-sex mothers. Health care professionals described meeting well-prepared mothers, with an equal commitment between each other, and mothers on guard against heteronormative views. Professionals provided support through empowerment by creating a safe environment and aiming at providing equal support to all parents or tailored support to same-sex mothers. Mothers described handling challenges, as a balancing act to acknowledge both mothers. Struggling with documents and communication and a lack of information were other challenges to be handled. Professionals reflected on their own professional competence and expressed that knowledge acquired through education, experience and personal interest all contributed to their competence. Conclusions Forms and documentation need to be updated to be gender neutral to be including to a variety of family constelleations. Health care professionals need time to reflect on norms and challenges to better support both mothers in a two-mother family.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2022
Keywords
antenatal care, child health care, focus groups, health care professionals, parental support, qualitative, same-sex mothers
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-59748 (URN)10.1111/scs.13111 (DOI)000835359100001 ()35920741 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85135329124 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-08-17 Created: 2022-08-17 Last updated: 2022-10-31Bibliographically approved
Almqvist, A.-L. & Lassinantti, K. (2022). Understanding complex needs through the concept of recognition: A qualitative study with Swedish young people about their encounters with welfare state actors. Nordic Social Work Research, 12(5), 716-727
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding complex needs through the concept of recognition: A qualitative study with Swedish young people about their encounters with welfare state actors
2022 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 716-727Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper uses the concept of recognition to investigate how young people labelled as having ‘complex needs’ experience their encounters with welfare state actors. Semi-structured interviews were held in 2018 with 14 young people, aged 15–22 years, in two Swedish municipalities. The participants have received multiple, long-term interventions from social services and psychiatric care. Research questions are: What aspects in the encounters between welfare state actors and young people may contribute to complexity in their life situations? How can Honneth’s concept of recognition illuminate this complexity? Aspects that have contributed to complexity in young people’s life situations are related to acts of dismissal. These dismissals by welfare state actors are interpreted as forms of disrespect as regards affection, rights or solidarity. Barriers to recognition are also related to the participants’ young age and position as children, and what this implies in a particular society. Our findings show that the difficulties young people face in their encounters with welfare state actors are partly due to the high level of specialization which contributes to an increased organizational complexity. Implications include that, when encountering young people in complex life situations, welfare state actors need to consider the importance of recognition as regards affection, rights, and solidarity. Recognition is central to achieving a positive outcome in working with young people in complex life situations and is expressed in social interactions. Therefore, building relationships needs to be more highly prioritized in welfare state organizations. young people in complex life situations and is expressed in social interactions. Therefore, building relationships needs to be more highly prioritized in welfare state organizations.

 

 

Keywords
Complex needs; recognition; social support; Sweden; young people
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-53881 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2021.1874493 (DOI)001026169800008 ()2-s2.0-85145500437 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Young people with complex needs meet complex organizations
Available from: 2021-04-14 Created: 2021-04-14 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Appelgren Engström, H., Borneskog, C., Loeb, C., Häggström-Nordin, E. & Almqvist, A.-L. (2021). Associations between heteronormative information, parental support and stress among same-sex mothers in Sweden-A web survey. Nursing Open
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between heteronormative information, parental support and stress among same-sex mothers in Sweden-A web survey
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2021 (English)In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim was to investigate same-sex mothers' self-assessed experiences of forming a family, and the association between heteronormative information, parental support and parenting stress. Design: A quantitative, cross-sectional study. Methods: In a web survey conducted in Sweden in 2019, same-sex mothers (N = 146) with a child aged 1-3 years answered questions about their experiences of forming a family through assisted reproduction and questions about parenting stress. Descriptive statistics describes the process of forming a family. Pearson's correlation analyses and independent sample t tests were used to test hypotheses about heteronormative information, parental support and parenting stress. Results: Same-sex mothers experienced going through assisted reproduction treatment as stressful, and parental groups as not being supportive. Heteronormative information correlated with both lower perceived parental support and higher perceived parenting stress. Non-birth mothers experienced less acknowledgement and support than birthmothers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2021
Keywords
antenatal care, child health care, midwifery, nursing, parental support, parenting stress, same-sex mothers
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-55509 (URN)10.1002/nop2.986 (DOI)000670733600001 ()34237202 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85109412400 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-08-05 Created: 2021-08-05 Last updated: 2022-11-17Bibliographically approved
Westmarland, N., Almqvist, A.-L., Holmgren, L. E., Ruxton, S., Burrell, S. R. & Valbuena, C. D. (2021). Men's activism to end violence against women: Voices from Spain, Sweden and the UK. Policy Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Men's activism to end violence against women: Voices from Spain, Sweden and the UK
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2021 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Some have argued that more men should play a role in ending violence against women - but what do we know about those men who are already doing so? Using case studies from Spain, Sweden and the UK, this book highlights those men who are already taking action. Examining the social, cultural, political and economic factors that support men to take a public stance, the authors explore what we can learn from their experiences in order to help build the movement to end violence against women. This important study will inform scholars and students of sociology and gender studies, as well as social movements and organisations working to involve and engage men and boys in achieving gender equality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Policy Press, 2021. p. 158
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-58809 (URN)10.47674/9781447357971 (DOI)2-s2.0-85117839437 (Scopus ID)9781447357971 (ISBN)9781447356189 (ISBN)9781447356196 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-07-13 Created: 2022-07-13 Last updated: 2022-11-07Bibliographically approved
Lassinantti, K. & Almqvist, A.-L. (2021). ‘Mums Are Mums’: Negotiations of Parenthood Ideals Among Swedish Mothers with ADHD (1ed.). In: Helena Wahlström Henriksson; Klara Goedecke (Ed.), Close relations: Family, kinship, and beyond (pp. 193-208). Singapore: Springer Singapore
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Mums Are Mums’: Negotiations of Parenthood Ideals Among Swedish Mothers with ADHD
2021 (English)In: Close relations: Family, kinship, and beyond / [ed] Helena Wahlström Henriksson; Klara Goedecke, Singapore: Springer Singapore , 2021, 1, p. 193-208Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this chapter is to explore Motherhood ideology from the perspective of mothers with a neuropsychiatric diagnosis. The analysis draws on interviews with Swedish mothers with the diagnosis ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and is informed by the theoretical concepts able-mindedness and responsibility. The interviewed mothers experience pressure to comply with what they perceive of as gendered expectations on mothers to possess specific cognitive abilities. Keeping the order, plan and organize family life are described as cognitive abilities that are more connected to motherhood than fatherhood. Experienced difficulties with this type of cognitive abilities are framed by a diagnostic discourse and turned into objects for pharmaceutical treatment. A gender equality discourse is however also used to resist or renegotiate ascribed gendered responsibilities in parenting and gendered norms of cognitive prowess.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer Singapore, 2021 Edition: 1
Series
Crossroads of Knowledge, ISSN 2197-9634
Keywords
Motherhood, Motherhood ideology, neuropsychiatric diagnosis, gender, ADHD, able-mindedness, disability, responsibility, neuroculture, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-56185 (URN)10.1007/978-981-16-0792-9_12 (DOI)978-981-16-0792-9 (ISBN)978-981-16-0791-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-10-13 Created: 2021-10-13 Last updated: 2022-10-31Bibliographically approved
Anbäcken, E.-M., Almqvist, A.-L., Johansson, C., Kinugasa, K., Obata, M., Hyun, J., . . . Park, Y. J. (2021). Older adults and care: reshaped family roles in societal change: A comparative study of Japan, South Korea, and Sweden (1ed.). In: Patricia Neff Claster; Sampson Lee Blair (Ed.), Aging and the Family: Understanding Changes in Structural and Relationship Dynamics (pp. 1-38). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older adults and care: reshaped family roles in societal change: A comparative study of Japan, South Korea, and Sweden
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2021 (English)In: Aging and the Family: Understanding Changes in Structural and Relationship Dynamics / [ed] Patricia Neff Claster; Sampson Lee Blair, Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2021, 1, p. 1-38Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim is to explore how family relations are affected by societal

changes in relation to informal and formal caregiving and self-determination

of older adults.

Design/methodology/approach: Care managers (CMs)/social workers (SWs)

(N = 124) participated in a comparative vignette study including Japan, South

Korea, and Sweden. Systems theory was used.

Findings: Japanese CMs/SWs clearly describe their efforts to create networks

in a relational way between formal and informal actors in the community. South

Korean CMs/SWs balance between suggesting interventions to support daily

life at home or a move to a nursing home, often acknowledging the family as the

main caregiver. In Sweden, CMs/SWs highlight the juridical element in meeting

the older adult and the interventions offered, and families primarily give social

support. Regarding self-determination, the Japanese priority is for CMs/SWs

to harmonize within the family and the community. South Korean CMs/SWs

express ambivalent attitudes to older adults’ capability for self-determination in

the intersection between formal and family care. Swedish CMs/SWs adhere to

the older adult’s self-determination, while acknowledging the role of the family

in persuading the older adult to accept interventions. The results suggest emerging

defamilialization in South Korea, while tendencies to refamilialization are

noticed in Japan and Sweden, albeit in different ways.

Research limitations/implications: In translation, nuances may be lost. A

focus on changing families shows that country-specific details in care services

have been reduced. For future research, perspectives of “care” need to be studied

on different levels.

Originality/value: Using one vignette in three countries with different welfare

regimes, discussing changing views on families’, communities’ and societal caregiving

is unique. This captures changes in policy, influencing re- and defamilialization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2021 Edition: 1
Series
Contemporary Perspectives in Family Research, ISSN 1530-3535
Keywords
Care managers, familialism, Japan, older adults, South Korea, Sweden, vignettes
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-53883 (URN)10.1108/S1530-353520210000017001 (DOI)2-s2.0-85107722046 (Scopus ID)978-1-80071-491-5 (ISBN)978-1-80071-490-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-04-14 Created: 2021-04-14 Last updated: 2022-10-31Bibliographically approved
Almqvist, A.-L. & Lassinantti, K. (2021). Placements and ‘complex needs’.: An interview-study with Swedish young people. In: : . Paper presented at ISA Forum of Sociology, Porto Alegre, February 2021, (digital).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Placements and ‘complex needs’.: An interview-study with Swedish young people
2021 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Increasing mental ill-health among youth and young people sent back and forth between different welfare state actors have been subjects of concern in Sweden in recent years. These young people are often labelled as having ‘complex needs’, with a placement as the social services’ possible intervention. What do young people stress as positive as well as negative experiences with placements? How can the concept ‘complex needs’ be understood in relation to placements? Semi-structured interviews were made in 2018, in two municipalities, with 9 young people between 15-22 years. They have received support from social services and psychiatric care, often related to substance abuse. The young people’s history is often a long-term process of different forms of placements, both in families as well as in residential care. Too short-term interventions may lead to discontinuity in care. Residential care is often perceived of as more storage than treatment and care. Implications are that the young person’s placement need to be more carefully monitored. Treatment introduced at the placement need to be better coordinated and evaluated jointly by social services and psychiatric care. It is important that professionals have more interventions to suggest and are working proactively to avoid future placements.

Keywords
Complex needs, placements, psychiatric care, social services, Sweden, young people
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-56243 (URN)
Conference
ISA Forum of Sociology, Porto Alegre, February 2021, (digital)
Projects
Young people in complex life situations
Available from: 2021-10-15 Created: 2021-10-15 Last updated: 2021-12-14Bibliographically approved
Sriyasak, A., Almqvist, A.-L., Sridawruang, C. & Häggström-Nordin, E. (2019). Healthcare providers' caring for Thai teenage parents: A focus group study. Midwifery, 69, 172-178
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Healthcare providers' caring for Thai teenage parents: A focus group study
2019 (English)In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 69, p. 172-178Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-42302 (URN)10.1016/j.midw.2018.09.010 (DOI)000454129800023 ()30279021 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85054059229 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-10 Created: 2019-01-10 Last updated: 2020-11-12Bibliographically approved
Appelgren Engström, H., Häggström-Nordin, E., Borneskog, C. & Almqvist, A.-L. (2019). Mothers in same‐sex relationships—Striving for equal parenthood:: A grounded theory study. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, 28(19-20), 3700-3709
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mothers in same‐sex relationships—Striving for equal parenthood:: A grounded theory study
2019 (English)In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, ISSN 0962-1067, Vol. 28, no 19-20, p. 3700-3709Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To get a deeper understanding of how mothers in same-sex relationships think and reason about their parenthood in terms of gender equality, and how they experience early parental support from child healthcare professionals. Background: There is an increasing amount of research on how women in same-sex relationships experience healthcare services when forming a family. Yet there is limited knowledge of what kind of early parental support these women may request. Design: Grounded theory. Follows guidelines for qualitative research (COREQ). Method: Twenty women ranging from 25 to 42 years of age participated in semi-structured interviews. Data collection and analysis took place in parallel, as recommended in grounded theory methodology. Results: The results are described by the core category Same-sex mothers request professional support to achieve equal parenthood, which includes five categories: (a) equality in everyday life, (b) diversity in mother and child attachment, (c) justification of the family structure, (d) ambivalent thoughts about their child's future and (e) a special need for networking and request for professional support. These findings provide a deeper understanding of how same-sex mothers experience their parenthood and the parental support that is offered. Conclusion: Child healthcare professionals need to be sensitive and recognise both mothers as equal parents and offer early parenting groups where two-mother families feel included and supported. Relevance to clinical practice: Healthcare professionals need to be aware of diverse family formations and meet each parent as a unique individual without heteronormative assumptions. Same-sex mothers must be treated as equal parents and acknowledged as mothers. Healthcare professionals should offer inclusive and supportive parental groups to same-sex families. They should also inform and support nonbirth mothers about the possibility to breastfeed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley Online library, 2019
Keywords
Caring, encounters, parental support, parenthood, qualitative study, Sweden, two‐mother families
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Health Sciences
Research subject
Care Sciences; Care Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44983 (URN)10.1111/jocn.14971 (DOI)000477438700001 ()31240794 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85068736793 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Doktorandprojekt: Families with two mothers
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2021-08-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6223-1109

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