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Söderbaum, P. (2019). Economics and democracy for sustainability politics. International Journal of Pluralism and Economics Education, 10(1), 91-102
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economics and democracy for sustainability politics
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Pluralism and Economics Education, ISSN 1757-5648, E-ISSN 1757-5656, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 91-102Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The challenges of sustainable development are multidimensional and involve all actors in society. To match this challenge, economics is defined in a new way as 'multidimensional management of limited resources in a democratic society'. It is argued that present unsustainable patterns raise issues of possible paradigm failure, ideology failure and democracy failure. A political economics approach is suggested where individuals and organizations are understood in political terms. 'Ideology' and 'ideological orientation' are proposed as essential concepts in an alternative theoretical framework for economics and sustainability politics. A method, positional analysis, for sustainability assessment compatible with democracy is proposed. It is finally discussed how our chances to deal successfully with climate change may be improved by systematically developing alternatives to the neoclassical paradigm and ideology.

Keywords
economics, sustainability politics, paradigm coexistence, ideology, democracy, sustainable development, UN sustainable development goals, political economic person, political economic organization, multidimensional, sustainability assessment, positional analysis, economics education
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-42859 (URN)10.1504/IJPEE.2019.098174 (DOI)2-s2.0-85062730559 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-04 Created: 2019-03-04 Last updated: 2019-03-22
Söderbaum, P. (2018). Bredda perspektiven. Upsala Nya Tidning (19 februari), pp. A5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bredda perspektiven
2018 (Swedish)In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173, no 19 februari, p. A5-Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-38801 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-01 Created: 2018-03-01 Last updated: 2018-03-01Bibliographically approved
Daly, H., Galtung, J. & Söderbaum, P. (2017). A transdisciplinary perspective. In: Transformative Ecological Economics: Process Philosophy, Ideology and Utopia: (pp. 104-115). Taylor and Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A transdisciplinary perspective
2017 (English)In: Transformative Ecological Economics: Process Philosophy, Ideology and Utopia, Taylor and Francis , 2017, p. 104-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis, 2017
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36148 (URN)10.4324/9781315205434 (DOI)2-s2.0-85021995871 (Scopus ID)9781351794015 (ISBN)9781138637764 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-07-27 Created: 2017-07-27 Last updated: 2017-07-27Bibliographically approved
Brown, J., Söderbaum, P. & Dereniowska, M. (2017). Positional analysis for sustainable development: Reconsidering policy, economics and accounting. Taylor and Francis Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Positional analysis for sustainable development: Reconsidering policy, economics and accounting
2017 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution of land and water, land-use changes, lack of equality and other problems at local, national and global levels represent a challenge for economics as a social science. Mainstream neoclassical economics may be able to contribute to a more sustainable society but it has also played a dominant role in a period where problems have been aggravated. A pluralist and democratic view of economics is therefore very much warranted. This book presents a multidimensional and ideologically more open view of economics: understanding economics in multidimensional terms is in accordance with the 17 sustainable development goals recognized by nations at the UN-level in 2015. Accordingly, approaches to decision making and accounting at the national- and business levels have to be reconsidered. Neoclassical Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) with focus on the monetary dimension and an assumed consensus about a specific market ideology to be applied is not compatible with democratic societies where citizen and actors in other roles normally differ with respect to ideological orientation. Environmental Impact Statements and Multi-Criteria methods are used to some extent to broaden approaches to decision-making. In this book, Positional Analysis is advocated as a multidimensional and ideologically open approach. Positional Analysis is based on a political economic conceptual framework (as part of ecological economics) that differs from neoclassical ideas of individuals, firms and markets. And since approaches to decision-making and to accounting are closely connected, a new theoretical perspective in economics similarly raises issues of how national and business accounting can be opened up to meet present demands among various actors in society. This perspective raises also numerous ethical questions at the science and policy interface that need to be properly addressed for sustainability decision making. © 2017 Judy Brown, Peter Söderbaum and Malgorzata Dereniowska. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis Inc., 2017
Series
Positional Anal. for Sustain. Dev.: Reconsidering Policy, Econ. and Account.
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36061 (URN)10.4324/9781315206769 (DOI)2-s2.0-85020947200 (Scopus ID)9781315206769 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-06 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved
Söderbaum, P. (2016). Economics as science and ideology [Review]. World Economics Association Newsletter, 6(6), 3-4
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economics as science and ideology
2016 (English)In: World Economics Association Newsletter, ISSN 2049-3274, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 3-4Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This is a book review of "The Nobel Factor: The Prize in Economics, Social Democracy and the Market Turn" by Avner Offer and Gabriel Söderberg (2016) where the history of the Economics Prize is discussed. Two Swedish professors in Economics, Gunnar Myrdal and Assar Lindbeck with different ideological orientations play a major role when discussing ideological tendencies in the choice of Laureates. In the review it is argued that this "Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel" is not comparable to the Nobel awards in physics because of a significan role for values and ideology.

Keywords
economics; ideology; The Nobel factor; Nobel economics prize; Laureates
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-34647 (URN)
Projects
Economics for sustainable development
Note

It should be observed that this is a book review available at http://www.worldeconomicsassociation.org/files/issue6-6.pdf

Available from: 2017-01-18 Created: 2017-01-18 Last updated: 2017-01-20Bibliographically approved
Söderbaum, P. (2016). Economics, ideological orientation and democracy for sustainable development. World Economics Association
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economics, ideological orientation and democracy for sustainable development
2016 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this book eonomics is redefined as "multidimensional management of resources in a democratic society. Impacts in nonmonetary dimensions are estimated separately from monetary impacts and "monetary reductionism" is avoided. Democracy stands for the fact that many ideological orientations (rather than one) are represented in society and that analysis has to respect such differences in ideological orientation. Individuals and organizations are understood respectively as political economic persons and political economic organizations.

Alternatives to the neoclassical conceptual framework and analysis are systematically presented. Political Economic Person replaces neoclassical Economic Man assumptions and Political Economic Organization the assumptions of a profit maximizing firm. Similarly, Positional Analysis is presented as an alternative to neoclassical Cost-Benefit Analysi (CBA). In this way a political approach to economics is presented as part of a pluralist view where different theoretical perspectives (neoclassical theory included) may coexist and compete.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
World Economics Association, 2016. p. 75
Keywords
economics, ideological orientation, democracy, sustainable development, political economic person, political economic organization, positional analysis
National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31334 (URN)978-1-911156-21-5 (ISBN)
Projects
Economics for sustainable development
Note

Detta handlar alltså om en e-book som kan hämtas hem från World Economics Association

www.worldeconomicsassociation.org Det kostar $20. Eventuellt kommer boken senare att publiceras som paper back

Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2016-12-27Bibliographically approved
Söderbaum, P. (2016). Nya perspektiv behövs inom national och företagsekonomi. Tidningen Extrakt (Formas tidning för debatt &Opinion) (11-01)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nya perspektiv behövs inom national och företagsekonomi
2016 (Swedish)In: Tidningen Extrakt (Formas tidning för debatt &Opinion), no 11-01Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Klimatdebatten har hittills varit konservativ i den meningen att man undvikit att diskutera mer grundlägggande frågor om perspektiv inom national- och företagsekonomi avseende paradigm och ideologi. Utgångspunkten är att modifieringar inom ramen för dominerande vetenskapssyn, teoretiskt perspektiv och ideologi ses som tillräckliga medan frågan om institutionella förändringar undviks. Ett mer demokratiskt förhållningssätt där pluralism inom nationalekonomin prioriteras blir ett viktigt steg framåt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Formas, 2016
Keywords
klimatagenda, nationalekonomi, ideologi, alternativa perspektiv, pluralism, demokrati
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-30720 (URN)
Projects
ekonomi för hållbar utveckling
Available from: 2016-01-15 Created: 2016-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved
Söderbaum, P. (2016). Toward a Democratic and Political Understanding of Economics. International Journal of Advances in Social Science and Humanities, 2(2), 1-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Toward a Democratic and Political Understanding of Economics
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Advances in Social Science and Humanities, ISSN 2395-6542, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 1-7Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Economics is understood by many as an established discipline. It is about "allocation of scarce resources" and the main actors are firms consumer/households and the state. In the present essay, an alternative definition of economics in terms of multidimensional thinking and democracy is proposed and the main actors in the economy are "political economic persons" and "political economic organizations".

It is argued that the now dominant neoclassical theory is specific not only in scientific but also in ideological terms and that the same holds for any alternative paradigm. In relation to present challenges, such as climate change and biodiversity loss, neoclassical theory and the related neoliberalism, being behind the present political economic system, has not been performing well enough. While not excluding action within the scope of mainstream theory, we therefore need to extend the research and educational agenda in economics to alternative paradigms and ideological orientations. A political economics view is proposed which claims to be compatible with democracy.

Keywords
economics, multidimensional, democracy, ideological orientation, politics, pluralism
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31333 (URN)
Projects
Economics for sustainable development
Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved
Söderbaum, P. (2015). Behavioral concepts as part of a participative political economics perspective. In: Frank Beckenbach, Walter Kahlenborn (Ed.), New Perspectives for Environmental Policies Through Behavioral Economics: (pp. 147-158). Heidelberg: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Behavioral concepts as part of a participative political economics perspective
2015 (English)In: New Perspectives for Environmental Policies Through Behavioral Economics / [ed] Frank Beckenbach, Walter Kahlenborn, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015, p. 147-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Behavioral economics tends to be seen as a new and separate branch of economics comparable to environmental economics, health economics and even public choice theory. This version of behavioral theory is mainly trying to test hypothesis of human behavior in various ways. It will here be argued that taking various behavioral concepts seriously (as was done at an early stage by Herbert Simon for example) will lead us to a new understanding of human beings and be part of a microeconomics different from that of mainstream neoclassical theory. A political economic person (PEP) is proposed as a more open alternative to Homo Oeconomicus. A political economic organization (PEO) will similarly replace the firm exclusively focusing on monetary profits and markets will be understood in terms of PEPs and PEOs as market actors.

The political element suggests that issues of ideology, ethics, and responsibility are relevant and this is so also for natural resource, ecosystem, and other sustainability issues. The ideological orientation of an actor is something to be investigated in each case suggesting that it is not so meaningful to look for a general theory of behavior applicable to some average person or all individuals.

To bring value issues to the forefront I have recently suggested that "economics" is defined as "multidimensional management of resources in a democratic society". Resources should be understood as multidimensional, i.e. monetary and non-monetary, where the reduction of all kinds of non-monetary impacts to their alleged monetary equivalents is not considered very meaningful. Positional analysis is proposed as an alternative to cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and institutional change is looked upon as a matter of understanding the behavior and actions of PEPs and PEOs (processes of legitimation, manifestation etc.) Inertia (lock-in effects, commitments, path dependence, irreversibility) is characterizing institutional change processes as well as estimates of policy and project impacts in decision situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Heidelberg: Springer, 2015
Series
ISBN 978-3-319-16792-3
Keywords
economics; politics, social psychology, political economic person, political economic organsiation, institutional change
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-29394 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-16793-0 (DOI)2-s2.0-84955716211 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-16792-3 (ISBN)
Projects
ekonomi för hållbar utveckling
Available from: 2015-10-26 Created: 2015-10-26 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved
Söderbaum, P. (2015). Demokratisk frihandel?. Upsala Nya Tidning (7 juni), pp. 5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demokratisk frihandel?
2015 (Swedish)In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173, no 7 juni, p. 5-Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Förhandlingar pågår när det gäller så kallat frihandelsavtal mellan EU och USA. Debatt är angelägen eftersom utgången inte är given. Det handlar inte bara om tekniska frågor utan också om demokrati. Den särskilda skiljedomstol som föreslås där stater skall kunna krävas på ersättning om företags vinster hotas av ny hälso- eller miljöpolitik strider mot normala idéer om demokrati.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2015
Keywords
Frihandelsavtal EU-USA, demokrati, standard inom miljö och hälsa, Kommerskollegium
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28195 (URN)
Projects
Ekonomi för hållbar utveckling
Available from: 2015-06-10 Created: 2015-06-10 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2689-819X

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