mdh.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 154) Show all publications
Afifi, S., Gholamhosseini, H., Sinha, R. & Lindén, M. (2019). A Novel Medical Device for Early Detection of Melanoma. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 261, 122-127
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Novel Medical Device for Early Detection of Melanoma
2019 (English)In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, ISSN 0926-9630, E-ISSN 1879-8365, Vol. 261, p. 122-127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer. Early detection of melanoma is vital, as it helps in decreasing the death rate as well as treatment costs. Dermatologists are using image-based diagnostic tools to assist them in decision-making and detecting melanoma at an early stage. We aim to develop a novel handheld medical scanning device dedicated to early detection of melanoma at the primary healthcare with low cost and high performance. However, developing this particular device is very challenging due to the complicated computations required by the embedded diagnosis system. In this paper, we propose a hardware-friendly design for implementing an embedded system by exploiting the recent hardware advances in reconfigurable computing. The developed embedded system achieved optimized implementation results for the hardware resource utilization, power consumption, detection speed and processing time with high classification accuracy rate using real data for melanoma detection. Consequently, the proposed embedded diagnosis system meets the critical embedded systems constraints, which is capable for integration towards a cost- and energy-efficient medical device for early detection of melanoma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NLM (Medline), 2019
Keywords
Diagnosis system, Embedded System, Medical device, Melanoma detection
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44665 (URN)31156102 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85067129247 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Ghareh Baghi, A., Lindén, M. & Babic, A. (2019). An artificial intelligent-based model for detecting systolic pathological patterns of phonocardiogram based on time-growing neural network. Applied Soft Computing, 83, Article ID 105615.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An artificial intelligent-based model for detecting systolic pathological patterns of phonocardiogram based on time-growing neural network
2019 (English)In: Applied Soft Computing, ISSN 1568-4946, E-ISSN 1872-9681, Vol. 83, article id 105615Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a novel hybrid model for classifying time series of heart sound signal using time-growing neural network. The proposed hybrid model takes segmental behaviour of heart sound signal into account by combining two different deep learning methods, the Static and the Moving Time-Growing Neural Network, which we call STGNN and MTGNN, respectively. Flexibility of the model in learning both deterministic and stochastic segments of signal allows it to learn those complicated characteristics of heart sound signal caused by any obstruction on semilunar heart valve. The model is trained to distinguish between a patient group and a reference group. The patient group is comprised of the subjects with the semilunar heart valve abnormalities including aortic stenosis, pulmonary stenosis and bicuspid aortic valve, whereas the reference group which is composed of the individuals with the heart abnormalities other than those of the reference group or the healthy ones. The model is validated using two different databases: one comprised of 140 children with various heart conditions, and the other one constituted of 50 elderly patients with aortic stenosis. Both the datasets were collected from the referrals to the University hospitals. The overall accuracy and sensitivity of the model are estimated to be 84.2% and 82.8%, respectively. The results show that the model exhibits sufficient capability to distinguish between the patient and the reference group in such a demanding clinical application. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44965 (URN)10.1016/j.asoc.2019.105615 (DOI)2-s2.0-85069874639 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-08 Created: 2019-08-08 Last updated: 2019-08-08Bibliographically approved
Tomasic, I., Petrovic, N., Lindén, M. & Rashkovska, A. (2019). Comparison of publicly available beat detection algorithms performances on the ECGs obtained by a patch ECG device. In: 2019 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019 - Proceedings: . Paper presented at 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019, 20 May 2019 through 24 May 2019 (pp. 275-278). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparison of publicly available beat detection algorithms performances on the ECGs obtained by a patch ECG device
2019 (English)In: 2019 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2019, p. 275-278Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Eight ECG beat detection algorithms, from the PhysioNet's WFDB and Cardiovascular Signal toolboxes, were tested on twenty measurements, obtained by the Savvy patch ECG device, for their accuracy in beat detection. On each subject, one measurement is obtained while sitting and one while running. Each measurement lasted from thirty seconds to one minute. The measurements obtained while running were more challenging for all the algorithms, as most of them almost perfectly detected all the beats on the measurements obtained in sitting position. However, when applied on the measurements obtained while running, all the algorithms have performed with decreased accuracy. Considering overall percentage of the faulty detected peaks, the four best algorithms were jqrs, from the Cardiovascular Signal Toolbox, and ecgpuwave, gqrs, and wqrs, from the WFDB Toolbox, with percentages of faulty detected beats 1.7, 2.3, 2.9, and 3, respectively. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019
Keywords
Beat detection, Heart rate, Patch ECG, R-peaks, Remote health monitoring, Telemonitoring, Electrocardiography, Microelectronics, Telemedicine, Heart rates, Tele-monitoring, Signal detection
National Category
Other Medical Engineering Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies Signal Processing Medical Equipment Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-45016 (URN)10.23919/MIPRO.2019.8756769 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070300696 (Scopus ID)9789532330984 (ISBN)
Conference
42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019, 20 May 2019 through 24 May 2019
Available from: 2019-08-15 Created: 2019-08-15 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved
Trobec, R., Jan, M., Lindén, M. & Tomasic, I. (2019). Detection and Treatment of Atrial Irregular Rhythm with Body Gadgets and 35-channel ECG. In: 2019 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019 - Proceedings: . Paper presented at 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019, 20 May 2019 through 24 May 2019 (pp. 301-308). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Detection and Treatment of Atrial Irregular Rhythm with Body Gadgets and 35-channel ECG
2019 (English)In: 2019 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2019, p. 301-308Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The atrial irregular rhythm, often reflected in atrial fibrillation, undulation or flutter, is recognized as one of the major causes of brain stroke and entails an increased risk of thromboembolic events because it increases the likelihood of blood clots formation. Its early detection is becoming an increasingly important preventive measure. The paper presents a simple methodology for the detection of atrial irregular rhythm by ECG body gadget that can perform long-term measurements, e.g. several weeks or more. Multichannel ECG, on the body surface, gives a more detailed insight into the atrial activity in comparison to standard 12-lead ECG. The information from MECG is compared with single-channel patch ECG. The obtained results suggest that the proposed methodology could be useful in treatments of atrial irregular rhythm. One can obtain a reliable information about the time and duration of fibrillation events, or determine arrhythmic focuses and conductive pathways in heart atria, or study the effects of antiarrhythmic drugs on existing arrhythmias and on an eventual development of new types of arrhythmias. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019
Keywords
Atrial rhythm, Body surface potential map, ECG body sensor, Gadget, Patch ECG, Microelectronics, Antiarrhythmic drug, Atrial fibrillation, Body sensors, Body surface potential maps, Long-term measurements, Preventive measures, Electrocardiography
National Category
Other Medical Engineering Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-45017 (URN)10.23919/MIPRO.2019.8756779 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070287718 (Scopus ID)9789532330984 (ISBN)
Conference
42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019, 20 May 2019 through 24 May 2019
Available from: 2019-08-15 Created: 2019-08-15 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved
Petrovic, N., Tomasic, I., Lindén, M. & Risman, P. O. (2019). Detection of Human Bodypart Abnormalities by Microwaves – A New Approach. In: 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics MIPRO 2019: . Paper presented at 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics MIPRO 2019, 20 May 2019, Opatija, Croatia (pp. 270-274).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Detection of Human Bodypart Abnormalities by Microwaves – A New Approach
2019 (English)In: 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics MIPRO 2019, 2019, p. 270-274Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We present modified antenna-like devices - applicators - for direct detection of internal inhomogeneities such as breast tumours and brain haemorrhages, at a frequency about 1 GHz. This direct detection provides the possibility of using a simple microwave generator and simple rectification and position registration of the received signals. Direct readouts are thus possible, without any massive computing resources as with tomographic imaging. The transmitting applicator is non-contacting and in free air close to the object. It generates an essentially quasistatic axial magnetic field which induces a circular electric field in the tissue. The receiving 3D contacting applicator contains a high-permittivity ceramic and is resonant. Its mode field provides the desired polarisation sensitivity and filters out the main electric field. The overall system sensitivity for detection of internal inhomogeneities is accomplished by optimised use of the orthogonality of the primary magnetic, induced electric, and diffracted electric fields. When developments are completed, the system will replace or complement existing commercial technologies at a low cost.

National Category
Engineering and Technology Computer Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-43939 (URN)10.23919/MIPRO.2019.8757093 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070266490 (Scopus ID)
Conference
42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics MIPRO 2019, 20 May 2019, Opatija, Croatia
Projects
ESS-H - Embedded Sensor Systems for Health Research Profile
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved
Rastegar, S., Gholamhosseini, H., Lowe, A., Mehdipour, F. & Lindén, M. (2019). Estimating Systolic Blood Pressure Using Convolutional Neural Networks. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 261, 143-149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estimating Systolic Blood Pressure Using Convolutional Neural Networks
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, ISSN 0926-9630, E-ISSN 1879-8365, Vol. 261, p. 143-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Continuous blood pressure (BP) monitoring can produce a significant amount of digital data, which increases the chance of early diagnosis and improve the rate of survival for people diagnosed with hypertension and Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, mining and processing this vast amount of data are challenging. This research is aimed to address this challenge by proposing a deep learning technique, convolutional neural network (CNN), to estimate the systolic blood pressure (SBP) using electrocardiogram (ECG) and photoplethysmography (PPG) signals. Two different methods are investigated and compared in this research. In the first method, continuous wavelet transform (CWT) and CNN have been employed to estimate the SBP. For the second method, we used random sampling within the stochastic gradient descent (SGD) optimization of CNN and the raw ECG and PPG signals for training the network. The Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC III) database is used for both methods, which split to two parts, 70% for training our network and the remaining used for testing the performance of the network. Both methods are capable of learning how to extract relevant features from the signals. Therefore, there is no need for engineered feature extraction compared to previous works. Our experimental results show high accuracy for both CNN-based methods which make them promising and reliable architectures for SBP estimation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NLM (Medline), 2019
Keywords
Continuous blood pressure, Convolutional neural network, Cuff-less blood pressure, Electrocardiogram, Photoplethysmogram
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44666 (URN)2-s2.0-85067119352 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Vahabi, M., Fotouhi, H., Björkman, M. & Lindén, M. (2019). Evaluating a Remote Health Monitoring Application Powered by Bluetooth. In: 11th International Conference on e-Health e-Health'19: . Paper presented at 11th International Conference on e-Health e-Health'19, 17 Jul 2019, Porto, Portugal.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating a Remote Health Monitoring Application Powered by Bluetooth
2019 (English)In: 11th International Conference on e-Health e-Health'19, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Engineering and Technology Medical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-45040 (URN)
Conference
11th International Conference on e-Health e-Health'19, 17 Jul 2019, Porto, Portugal
Projects
ESS-H - Embedded Sensor Systems for Health Research ProfileMobiFog: mobility management in Fog-assisted IoT networksHealth5G: Future eHealth powered by 5GFlexiHealth: flexible softwarized networks for digital healthcare
Available from: 2019-08-23 Created: 2019-08-23 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Lindén, M. & Björkman, M. (2019). Experience from industrial graduate (PhD) schools. In: IFMBE Proceedings: . Paper presented at World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, WC 2018, 3 June 2018 through 8 June 2018 (pp. 731-733). Springer Verlag (3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experience from industrial graduate (PhD) schools
2019 (English)In: IFMBE Proceedings, Springer Verlag , 2019, no 3, p. 731-733Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Traditionally, research education is performed within the universities, and the PhD students are working within a research group. However, technical development and also research is performed within companies, and the need to keep up with the latest findings in research and to strengthen the competence within the private business sector is increasing. At Mälardalen University, we have experience from working in several Industrial Graduate Schools. The collaboration with the companies gets intensified and deepened trough such programmes, and the university tends to keep the good contact with previous PhD students and their companies also many years after their graduation. The Graduate Schools also give the companies good insight in the university world. Presently, we are involved in two Graduate Schools, and several of the PhD projects are focusing within Biomedical Engineering. Further, one of the graduate schools is linked to the research profile Embedded Sensor Systems for Health, which is supported from the same financier. Companies are involved also in the research profile, and through these activities, the Industrial PhD students form a critical mass and can exchange both experience and knowledge with other companies and with university researchers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag, 2019
Keywords
Collaboration with industry, Industrial graduate school, Biomedical engineering, Embedded systems, Knowledge management, Students, Business sector, Collaboration with industries, Critical mass, Embedded sensors, Graduate schools, Research groups, Technical development, University researchers, Industrial research
National Category
Embedded Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39978 (URN)10.1007/978-981-10-9023-3_132 (DOI)000449744300132 ()2-s2.0-85048251456 (Scopus ID)
Conference
World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, WC 2018, 3 June 2018 through 8 June 2018
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-11-29Bibliographically approved
Gholamhosseini, H., Baig, M., Maratas, J., Mirza, F. & Lindén, M. (2019). Obesity Risk Assessment Model Using Wearable Technology with Personalized Activity, Calorie Expenditure and Health Profile. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 261, 91-96
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Obesity Risk Assessment Model Using Wearable Technology with Personalized Activity, Calorie Expenditure and Health Profile
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, ISSN 0926-9630, E-ISSN 1879-8365, Vol. 261, p. 91-96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a worldwide increase in the rate of obesity and its related long-term conditions, emphasizing an immediate need to address this modern-age global epidemic of healthy living. Moreover, healthcare spending on long-term or chronic care conditions such as obesity is increasing to the point that requires effective interventions and advancements to reduce the burden of the healthcare. This research focuses on the early risk assessment of overweight/obesity using wearable technology. We establish an individualised health profile that identifies the level of activity and current health status of an individual using real-time activity and vital signs. We developed an algorithm to assess the risk of obesity using the individual's current activity and calorie expenditure. The algorithm was deployed on a smartphone application to collect wearable device data, and user reported data. Based on the collected data, the proposed application assesses the risk of obesity/overweight, measures the current activity level and recommends an optimized calorie plan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NLM (Medline), 2019
Keywords
Activity detection, mHealth, Mobile health, Obesity risk assessment, Wearable technology
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44664 (URN)31156097 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85067100579 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Tomasic, I., Rashkovska, A., Trobec, R. & Lindén, M. (2019). The implications of the lead theory on the patch ECG devices positioning and measurement. In: IFMBE Proceedings: . Paper presented at World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, WC 2018, 3 June 2018 through 8 June 2018 (pp. 693-696). Springer Verlag (1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The implications of the lead theory on the patch ECG devices positioning and measurement
2019 (English)In: IFMBE Proceedings, Springer Verlag , 2019, no 1, p. 693-696Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Currently we are witnessing fast development of patch ECG devices, some of which have already been extensively evaluated and shown to be useful for detecting arrhythmias. The research about using the patch ECG devices for purposes other than arrhythmia detection has been scarce. The efficiency of patch electrocardiography for a specific purpose can depend on the devices location on the body surface. It is still an open question where to position the ECG patch devices, and should the position depend on the specific purpose and perhaps even be personalized. We present the lead theory of differential leads (ECG leads obtained by patch ECG devices) and discuss its implications on the patch ECG devices positioning on the body surface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag, 2019
Keywords
Bipolar lead, Differential lead, ECG, Electrocardiography, Lead theory, Patch monitors, Remote monitoring, Telemonitoring, Biomedical engineering, Arrhythmia detection, Body surface, ECG devices, Ecg patches, Tele-monitoring
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39976 (URN)10.1007/978-981-10-9035-6_128 (DOI)000450908300128 ()2-s2.0-85048259555 (Scopus ID)
Conference
World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, WC 2018, 3 June 2018 through 8 June 2018
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1940-1747

Search in DiVA

Show all publications