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Håkansson Eklund, JakobORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7839-7245
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Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Håkansson Eklund, J., Holmström, I. K., Kumlin, T., Kaminsky, E., Skoglund, K., Höglander, J., . . . Summer Meranius, M. (2019). "Same same or different?" A review of reviews of person-centered and patient-centered care. Patient Education and Counseling, 102(1), 3-11
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Same same or different?" A review of reviews of person-centered and patient-centered care
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2019 (English)In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 102, no 1, p. 3-11Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To provide a synthesis of already synthesized literature on person-centered care and patient-centered care in order to identify similarities and differences between the two concepts. Methods: A synthesis of reviews was conducted to locate synthesized literature published between January 2000 and March 2017. A total of 21 articles deemed relevant to this overview were synthesized using a thematic analysis. Results: The analysis resulted in nine themes present in person-centered as well as in patient-centered care: (1) empathy, (2), respect (3), engagement, (4), relationship, (5) communication, (6) shared decision-making, (7) holistic focus, (8), individualized focus, and (9) coordinated care. The analysis also revealed that the goal of person-centered care is a meaningful life while the goal of patient-centered care is a functional life. Conclusions: While there are a number of similarities between the two concepts, the goals for person-centered and patient-centered care differ. The similarities are at the surface and there are important differences when the concepts are regarded in light of their different goals. Practice implications: Clarification of the concepts may assist practitioners to develop the relevant aspects of care. Person-centered care broadens and extends the perspective of patient-centered care by considering the whole life of the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD, 2019
Keywords
Patient-centered, Person-centered, Literature review, Concept analysis, Care
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41771 (URN)10.1016/j.pec.2018.08.029 (DOI)000452381100002 ()30201221 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85052965545 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-01-24Bibliographically approved
Hansen, E. M., Håkansson Eklund, J., Hallen, A., Bjurhager, C., Norrström, E., Viman, A. & Stocks, E. L. (2018). Does Feeling Empathy Lead to Compassion Fatigue or Compassion Satisfaction?: The Role of Time Perspective. Journal of Psychology, 152(8), 630-645
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Feeling Empathy Lead to Compassion Fatigue or Compassion Satisfaction?: The Role of Time Perspective
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0022-3980, E-ISSN 1940-1019, Vol. 152, no 8, p. 630-645Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research has shown that feeling empathy sometimes leads to compassion fatigue and sometimes to compassion satisfaction. In three studies, participants recalled an instance when they felt empathy in order to assess the role time perspective plays in how empathizers perceive the consequences of empathy. Study 1 revealed that college students perceive empathy as having more negative consequences in the short term, but more positive consequences in the long term. Study 2 showed that service industry professionals perceive the consequences of feeling empathy for customers who felt bad as less negative, and the consequences of feeling empathy for people who felt good as less positive, in the long as opposed to the short term. Because Studies 1 and 2 confounded time perspective with event specificity a third study was conducted in which event specificity was held constant across time perspectives. The same pattern of results emerged. The results of these studies indicate that perceptions of the effects of feeling empathy, whether positive or negative, become less extreme over time. These findings shed light on the relation between empathy and compassion fatigue and satisfaction by suggesting that situations that initially are experienced as stressful can over time make the empathizer stronger.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2018
Keywords
Empathy, compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, feeling, time
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-42254 (URN)10.1080/00223980.2018.1495170 (DOI)000453701800006 ()30321113 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85055053458 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Sundler, A. J., Höglander, J., Håkansson Eklund, J., Eide, H. & Holmström, I. K. (2017). Older persons' expressions of emotional cues and concerns during home care visits. Application of the Verona coding definitions of emotional sequences (VR-CoDES) in home care. Patient Education and Counseling, 100(2), 276-282
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older persons' expressions of emotional cues and concerns during home care visits. Application of the Verona coding definitions of emotional sequences (VR-CoDES) in home care
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2017 (English)In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 100, no 2, p. 276-282Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: This study aims to a) explore to what extent older persons express emotional cues and concerns during home care visits; b) describe what cues and concerns these older persons expressed, and c) explore who initiated these cues and concerns. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted. Data consisted of 188 audio recorded home care visits with older persons and registered nurses or nurse assistants, coded with the Verona coding definitions on emotional sequences (VR-CoDES). Results: Emotional expressions of cues and concerns occurred in 95 (51%) of the 188 recorded home care visits. Most frequent were implicit expressions of cues (n = 292) rather than explicit concerns (n = 24). Utterances with hints to hidden concerns (63,9%, n = 202) were most prevalent, followed by vague or unspecific expressions of emotional worries (15,8%, n = 50). Most of these were elicited by the nursing staff (63%, n = 200). Conclusion: Emotional needs expressed by the older persons receiving home care were mainly communicated implicitly. To be attentive to such vaguely expressed emotions may demand nursing staff to be sensitive and open. Practice implications: The VR-CoDES can be applied on audio recorded home care visits to analyse verbal and emotional communication, and may allow comparative research. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD, 2017
Keywords
Patient-provider communication, Concern, Cue, Home care, Nursing
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35123 (URN)10.1016/j.pec.2016.09.009 (DOI)000396886000013 ()27692492 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84999029525 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-06 Created: 2017-04-06 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved
Höglander, J., Håkansson Eklund, J., Eide, H., Holmström, I. K. & Sundler, A. J. (2017). Registered Nurses' and nurse assistants' responses to older persons' expressions of emotional needs in home care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(12), 2923-2932
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Registered Nurses' and nurse assistants' responses to older persons' expressions of emotional needs in home care
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 73, no 12, p. 2923-2932Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: This study aims to explore nurse assistants' and Registered Nurses' responses to older persons' expressions of emotional needs during home care visits. Background: Communication is a central aspect of care. Older persons might express different emotions and needs during home care visits and such expressions can be challenging to respond to. Little is known about communication in home care or nursing staff responses to older persons' expressed emotional needs. Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional design on nursing staff responses to older persons' negative emotions in home care. Methods: Collected data consisted of audio recordings of home care visits between older persons and nursing staff. Data were collected between August 2014-November 2015. The nursing staff responses to older persons' negative emotions in the communication were analysed with the Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences (VR-CoDES). Results: The nursing staff most often give non-explicit responses, providing space for further disclosure of older persons' expressed negative emotions. Such responses were more frequent if the nursing staff had elicited the older persons' expressions of a negative emotion than if such expressions were elicited by the older persons themselves. Most frequent types of responses were backchannel, active invitation or information advice. Conclusion: The nursing staff responses were mainly non-explicit responses providing space for older persons to tell more about their experiences. Such responses can be discussed in terms of person-centred communication and is important for the comfort of emotional concerns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2017
Keywords
communication, emotions, home care, nursing, nursing staff, older persons, person-centred, responses, VR-CoDES
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-37619 (URN)10.1111/jan.13356 (DOI)000418365200014 ()28586520 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85021736037 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-05 Created: 2018-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-23Bibliographically approved
Angantyr, M., Hansen, E. M., Eklund, J. & Malm, K. (2016). Reducing Sex Differences in Children’s Empathy for Animals Through a Training Intervention. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 30(3), 273-281
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reducing Sex Differences in Children’s Empathy for Animals Through a Training Intervention
2016 (English)In: Journal of Research in Childhood Education, ISSN 0256-8543, E-ISSN 2150-2641, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 273-281Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT: Humane education programs designed to increase children’s empathy for animals are becoming more common. A quasi-experiment tested the effectiveness of one such program by comparing 80 children who had completed the program with a control group of 57 children who had not. The children read a story involving an injured dog and rated the degree of empathic concern they felt for him. The results showed that girls tended to express more empathy for a dog than did boys, but this difference was not significant for children who underwent an animal empathy training program. This suggests that humane education programs can reduce sex differences by increasing boys’ empathy. 

Keywords
Animals, children, empathy, empathy training, gender differences
National Category
Psychology Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-32381 (URN)10.1080/02568543.2016.1178198 (DOI)000391018000001 ()2-s2.0-84976343030 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-07-14 Created: 2016-07-14 Last updated: 2018-01-03Bibliographically approved
Eklund, J. (2013). Empati som känsla, förståelse och omsorg. Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, 90(2), 214-221
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Empati som känsla, förståelse och omsorg
2013 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 90, no 2, p. 214-221Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Vanligt förekommande komponenter i empatidefinitioner är bland annat känsla, förståelse och omsorg. Syftet med den här artikeln är att granska närvaron och frånvaron av dessa tre komponenter i nio inflytelserika empatiforskares empatidefinitioner. De nio är Rogers, Kohut, Hoffman, Eisenberg, Batson, Ickes, Davis, Decety och Singer. Granskningen visar att känsla finns med i åtta av definitionerna, förståelse i sju och omsorg i två. Det föreslås att framtida forskning bör försöka närma sig konsensus om en empatidefinition.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-18754 (URN)
Available from: 2013-04-19 Created: 2013-04-19 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved
Eklund, J. (2013). Samtida forskning om empati i psykologi. In: Henrik Bohlin & Jakob Eklund (Ed.), Empati: Teoretiska och praktiska perspektiv (pp. 133-150). Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samtida forskning om empati i psykologi
2013 (Swedish)In: Empati: Teoretiska och praktiska perspektiv / [ed] Henrik Bohlin & Jakob Eklund, Studentlitteratur, 2013, p. 133-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Studentlitteratur, 2013
Keywords
Empati
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-22977 (URN)9789144085852 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-11-22 Created: 2013-11-22 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved
Eklund, J. (2013). The nature of empathy. Philosophy in the contemporary world, 20(2), 28-38
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The nature of empathy
2013 (English)In: Philosophy in the contemporary world, ISSN 1077-1999, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 28-38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the question of the nature of empathy, and attempts to develop a unified understanding of empathy, and thereby overcome the split perspective that is present in current literature. Based on previous definitions, I present my own account of empathy as feeling the other’s feeling. In an analysis of this new definition, empathy is characterized as feeling with the two constituents of understanding and care. Empathic understanding ensures that empathic care will lead to appropriate actions. A consequence of describing empathy as a feeling with the two constituents of understanding and care is that we are not forced to choose between the two main tracks in the empathy literature, empathy as understanding and empathy as care, but are instead at ease with both sides.

Keywords
Empati
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-20862 (URN)10.5840/pcw20132013 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-08-05 Created: 2013-08-05 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved
Eklund, J. (2013). Var är vi och vart ska vi ta vägen?. In: Henrik Bohlin & Jakob Eklund (Ed.), Empati: Teoretiska och praktiska perspektiv (pp. 281-295). Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Var är vi och vart ska vi ta vägen?
2013 (Swedish)In: Empati: Teoretiska och praktiska perspektiv / [ed] Henrik Bohlin & Jakob Eklund, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, p. 281-295Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013
Keywords
Empathy, Empati
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-22978 (URN)9789144085852 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-11-22 Created: 2013-11-22 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved
Strandberg, T., Eklund, J. & Manthorpe, J. (2012). Promoting empathy in social care for older people. Working with Older People, 16(3), 101-110
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting empathy in social care for older people
2012 (English)In: Working with Older People, ISSN 1366-3666, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 101-110Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify connections between empathy and social care and to describe aspects of empathy in social care work, by bringing together research from different fields.

Design/methodology/approach – Five doctoral theses which discussed empathy among care workers of older people in Sweden were analysed as a group. The theses had been published over the period 1996 to 2007. Methodologically, the examination underpinned an interpretive content analysis.

Findings – The meta-analysis revealed conflicting feelings among care workers. Most experienced frustration when they were not able to express empathy in their working practices. Empathy was typically hindered by lack of time, care workers' own needs, and inflexible home care systems. However, a key element of the job-satisfaction reported by care workers appeared to be its empathic nature. Most care workers perceive encounters with older people as opportunities to respond empathically rather than indifferently. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Originality/value – The study is an overview that attempts to build a bridge across the two concepts, social care and empathy. The main strength of this analysis is its originality of approach undertaking a specific literature review and reflecting on a subject that has not previously been explored in the Swedish context.

Keywords
empathy, social care, elderly
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Care Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-15279 (URN)10.1108/13663661211260781 (DOI)2-s2.0-84865789770 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-09-10 Created: 2012-09-10 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7839-7245

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