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Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Andersson, P., Sjöberg, R. L., Öhrvik, J. & Leppert, J. (2009). Effects of family history and personal experience of illness on inclination to change health related behavior. Central European Journal of Public Health, 17(1), 3-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of family history and personal experience of illness on inclination to change health related behavior
2009 (English)In: Central European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1210-7778, E-ISSN 1803-1048, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 3-7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to examine how personal experience of illness and family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD), adjusted for gender, education and nationality, affects risk behaviour. Subjects were 2054 men and women of age 50 from two countries, Sweden (n=1011) and Poland (n=1043), who were recruited from screening program in primary health care. Family history, personal experience and risk behaviours (smoking habits, exercise habits, BMI-level) were self-reported. The results show that smoking behaviour is affected by personal experience of illness but not by family history of CVD. No effects of these variables were found on the remaining risk related variables that were tested in this study.  These results suggest that individuals with a personal experience of illness may be inclined to change smoking behaviour more than the average person. Smoking prevention strategies may thus benefit from targeting this group in particular.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Prague: National Institute of Public Health in cooperation with Tigris Ltd, 2009
Keywords
family history, experience of illness, CVD, risk behaviour, obesity
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-5790 (URN)2-s2.0-62649152841 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2009-06-12 Created: 2009-04-30 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Andersson, P., Sjöberg, R., Öhrvik, J. & Leppert, J. (2006). Knowledge about cardiovascular risk factors among obese individuals. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 5(4), 275-279
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge about cardiovascular risk factors among obese individuals
2006 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 275-279Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Obesity is an important biological risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). AIMS: The main aim of this study was to answer the question whether obese individuals differ from individuals with normal weight with regard to knowledge about risk factors for CVD. A further aim was to replicate previous findings that obese individuals are at higher risk of developing other biological risk factors for CVD. METHOD: Normal weights, BMI<25 kg/m(2) (n=385), and obese, BMI> or =30 kg/m(2) (n=159), individuals were identified from a screening program conducted among 50-year-old inhabitants of the County of Västmanland, Sweden. Participants answered questions regarding their gender, level of education, and items relating to knowledge about cardiovascular risk factors. Total cholesterol and blood glucose levels, height, weight and blood pressure were measured. RESULTS: Obese individuals did not differ significantly from individuals with a normal weight regarding knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors when education was controlled for. Obesity and low level of education are associated with other risk factors for CVD such as high blood pressure and high serum cholesterol. CONCLUSION: Obese individuals are at an increased risk of developing other risk factors for CVD but are just as knowledgeable about risk factors for CVD as normal weighting individuals.

National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3514 (URN)10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2006.02.005 (DOI)2-s2.0-33750287588 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2015-07-02Bibliographically approved
Andersson, P., Sjöberg, R., Krysa, M., Sidorowicz, W., Öhrvik, J. & Leppert, J. (2006). Lags in behavioral change:: A population based comparison of cardiovascular risk behavior in Poland and Sweden. Central European Journal of Public Health, 14(2), 82-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lags in behavioral change:: A population based comparison of cardiovascular risk behavior in Poland and Sweden
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2006 (English)In: Central European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1210-7778, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 82-85Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One thousand and twenty Polish men and women and 1,011 Swedish men and women aged 50 and recruited through primary health care took part in a survey relating to their knowledge of health-related behaviour, attitudes to health-related behaviour and self-reported risk behaviour. The results reveal that Poles know as much about cardiovascular risk factors as Swedes, but that Swedes feel that it is more important to change their dietary habits and to influence factors in the working environment to avoid the risk of developing CVD than did Poles. Swedes also displayed less risk behaviour than Poles and more Swedes than Poles had successfully stopped smoking. These findings suggest that differences in stages of health-related behavior that have previously been observed at an individual level may sometimes also be discerned at a national level.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3513 (URN)2-s2.0-33745740506 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2007-06-04 Created: 2007-06-04 Last updated: 2015-07-02Bibliographically approved
Andersson, P. (2006). Predicting Health Behaviour - Population-Based Studies of Knowledge and Behaviour Related to Cardiovascular Diseases.. (Doctoral dissertation).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predicting Health Behaviour - Population-Based Studies of Knowledge and Behaviour Related to Cardiovascular Diseases.
2006 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
Series
Doctoral thesis, the Faculty of Medicine , Uppsala University., ISSN 1651-6206 ; 186
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3487 (URN)91-55466893 (ISBN)
Available from: 2007-05-31 Created: 2007-05-31 Last updated: 2015-06-29
Andersson, P. & Leppert, J. (2004). Lags in behavioral change: A population based comparison of cardiovascular risk behavior in Poland and Sweden .. In: 13th National Conference of Healthy Cities Association, Health and Welfare Division of the Municipality of Wroclaw City .: .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lags in behavioral change: A population based comparison of cardiovascular risk behavior in Poland and Sweden .
2004 (English)In: 13th National Conference of Healthy Cities Association, Health and Welfare Division of the Municipality of Wroclaw City ., 2004Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3599 (URN)
Available from: 2007-07-24 Created: 2007-07-24 Last updated: 2013-11-13
Andersson, P. & Leppert, J. (2001). Men of low socio-economic and educational level possess pronounced deficient knowledge about the risk factors related to coronary heart disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Risk, 8(6), 371-377
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Men of low socio-economic and educational level possess pronounced deficient knowledge about the risk factors related to coronary heart disease
2001 (English)In: Journal of Cardiovascular Risk, ISSN 1350-6277, Vol. 8, no 6, p. 371-377Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The aim of the present study was to determine whether certain background factors such as gender, education and social status were associated with an individual's knowledge of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors.

Design: A questionnaire survey.

Methods: A questionnaire survey designed to evaluate participants' general knowledge about the risk factors for CHD was used. A total of 1011 50-year-old individuals (457 men and 554 women) from 34 Health Care Centers participated in the study.

Results: Knowledge about CHD risk factors was significantly poorer in men than in women. Low education and low socio-economic status were other factors related to poor knowledge of CHD risk factors.

Conclusion: This study showed that men with low educational level and low socio-economic status had inadequate information about the risk factors involved in CHD.

Keywords
Coronary Disease/*prevention & control, Educational Status, Female, Health Education, Health Knowledge; Attitudes; Practice, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Social Class, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-2847 (URN)10.1097/00043798-200112000-00006 (DOI)000173534500006 ()11873093 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0035702374 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2008-01-02 Created: 2008-01-02 Last updated: 2015-06-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0310-6965

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