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Berglund, R., Backström, T. & Bellgran, M. (2019). Critical Psychosocial Risk Treatment for Engineers and Technicians. In: ICRAM 2019 ICRAM: . Paper presented at ICRAM 2019 ICRAM, 06 Aug 2019, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Amsterdam, Netherlands
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Critical Psychosocial Risk Treatment for Engineers and Technicians
2019 (English)In: ICRAM 2019 ICRAM, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam, Netherlands: , 2019
National Category
Work Sciences Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-45065 (URN)
Conference
ICRAM 2019 ICRAM, 06 Aug 2019, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Projects
Can team coaching influence psychosocial safety climate for increased health and efficiency?
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-22Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. E., Blackbright, H., Backström, T., Andersson Schaeffer, J. & Cedergren, S. (2019). Let us measure, then what? Exploring purposeful use of Innovation Management Self-Assessments: A case study in the technology industry. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 36(10), 1734-1749
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Let us measure, then what? Exploring purposeful use of Innovation Management Self-Assessments: A case study in the technology industry
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2019 (English)In: International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, ISSN 0265-671X, E-ISSN 1758-6682, Vol. 36, no 10, p. 1734-1749Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding regarding how managers attempt to make purposeful use of innovation management self-assessments (IMSA) and performance information (PI). Design/methodology/approach – An interpretative perspective on purposeful use is used as an analytical framework, and the paper is based on empirical material from two research projects exploring the use of IMSA and PI in three case companies. Based on the empirical data, consisting of interviews and observations of workshops and project meetings, qualitative content analysis has been conducted. Findings – The findings of this paper indicate that how managers achieve a purposeful use of PI is related to their approach toward how to use the specific PI at hand, and two basic approaches are analytically separated: a rule-based approach and a reflective approach. Consequently, whether or not the right thing is being measured also becomes a question of how the PI is actually being interpreted and used. Thus, the extensive focus on what to measure and how to measure it becomes edgeless unless equal attention is given to how managers are able to use the PI to make knowledgeable decisions regarding what actions to take to achieve the desired changes. Practical implications – Given the results, it comes with a managerial responsibility to make sure that all managers who are supposed to be engaged in using the PI are given roles in the self-assessments that are aligned with the level of knowledge they possess, or can access. Originality/value – How managers purposefully use PI is a key to understand the potential impact of self-assessments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sweden: , 2019
National Category
Engineering and Technology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-45493 (URN)10.1108/IJQRM-09-2018-0243 (DOI)000490142800005 ()2-s2.0-85074296038 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Möjliggörande av praktikbaserad innovation: Utforskande och utveckling av den pedagogiska effekten av innovation management verktyg
Available from: 2019-10-29 Created: 2019-10-29 Last updated: 2019-11-14Bibliographically approved
Fundin, A., Backström, T. & Johansson, P. E. (2018). Exploring the emergent quality management paradigm. In: The Excellence summit Excellence sum: . Paper presented at The Excellence summit Excellence sum, 12 Sep 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the emergent quality management paradigm
2018 (English)In: The Excellence summit Excellence sum, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Engineering and Technology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41720 (URN)
Conference
The Excellence summit Excellence sum, 12 Sep 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Berglund, R., Backström, T. & Bellgran, M. (2018). How companies work with the psychosocial work environment. In: Experiments and measures to promote well-being and occupational health: . Paper presented at Nordic Work Life Conference, Oslo.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How companies work with the psychosocial work environment
2018 (English)In: Experiments and measures to promote well-being and occupational health, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

According to leading researchers such as by Leka & Cox, Psychosocial risk management is recommended as the way to proactively and systematically ensure that work factors in the organizational and social work environment lead to wellbeing and engagement instead of strain, stress and ultimately exhaustion. Companies in Sweden scored the highest among companies in Europe on the psychosocial risk management index in 2012. In spite of this, work related illnesses attributed to organizational and social factors in the workplace have increased by 91% since 2011. Theoretically, if Sweden is very good at psychosocial risk management then the occupational illness levels related to the organizational and social work environment should be decreasing and not steadily on the rise. This paper presents findings from a study of how large companies in Sweden work with the psychosocial work environment one year after the introduction of organizational and social work environment legislation in Sweden in March 2016. Method – Telephone interviews about the psychosocial work environment were carried out with five large companies acknowledged to be good employers in Sweden; Volvo Car AB, Swedish Public Service Television company, AB Volvo, Microsoft and SKF. Informants belonging to the HR department on a global or national level in Sweden completed the interview. The interviews were transcribed during the interview and the accuracy of the content approved by each company before being included in the data set. Preliminary Results – The analysis of the results are ongoing. Preliminary findings suggest that; companies express a willingness to work systematically with the psychosocial work environment in a way similar to the physical work environment; that the introduction of legislation instigated some actions, and that the employee satisfaction survey is used as a form of risk analysis tool. Further, companies differ in whether they focus on the individual or the work environment when working to alleviate the negative health effects of work related stress after it has been detected. The findings are discussed in relation to work factors, psychosocial risk management and finally proactive & reactive tools and methods used. Preliminary Conclusions – The study provides an insight into what companies are actually doing when they are working with the psychosocial work environment. The contribution to science is increasing knowledge about how companies may be following all or some of the risk management process and what actions and tools they are using to do it.

Keywords
Psychosocial work environment, Organizational and Social factors, Risk management, Sweden
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Studies; Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44945 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Work Life Conference, Oslo
Funder
AFA Insurance, 160088
Available from: 2019-08-01 Created: 2019-08-01 Last updated: 2019-08-13Bibliographically approved
Cedergren, S., Backström, T., Blackbright, H., Johansson, P. & Andersson, J. (2017). A New Survey Instrument for Assessing the Innovation Climate. In: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017: . Paper presented at XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 18 Jun 2017, Vienna, Austria.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A New Survey Instrument for Assessing the Innovation Climate
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2017 (English)In: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Other Social Sciences Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-37499 (URN)
Conference
XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 18 Jun 2017, Vienna, Austria
Projects
Möjliggörande av praktikbaserad innovation: Utforskande och utveckling av den pedagogiska effekten av innovation management verktyg
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, H., Johansson, P., Backström, T., Cedergren, S. & Andersson, J. (2017). Assessment competence and its importance for IMA-tool use. In: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017: . Paper presented at XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 18 Jun 2017, Vienna, Austria.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment competence and its importance for IMA-tool use
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2017 (English)In: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-37500 (URN)
Conference
XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 18 Jun 2017, Vienna, Austria
Projects
Möjliggörande av praktikbaserad innovation: Utforskande och utveckling av den pedagogiska effekten av innovation management verktyg
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved
Backström, T., Fundin, A. & Johansson, P. (2017). Conclusions. In: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255: (pp. 167-171). Springer New York LLC
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conclusions
2017 (English)In: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, p. 167-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this concluding chapter, each of the previous chapters are reflected upon based on the emergent quality management paradigm presented in Chap. 9 by Backström. This book introduces four processes: innovation, production, knowledge creation, and value creation processes. It is emphasised that companies must prioritise and develop all four of these processes to survive and prosper. Throughout the book, dichotomies associated with these processes have been elaborated on and discussed. Historically, these dichotomies have often created dilemmas owing to the current understanding of their relations. However, as suggested in this book, alternative perspectives can be used in a constructive way to resolve these potentially high-impact dilemmas. Recognising the dichotomies as mutually dependent gives further possibilities for the development of production systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer New York LLC, 2017
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36198 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-55985-8_10 (DOI)2-s2.0-85024503073 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-55984-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-10 Created: 2017-08-10 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved
Backström, T., Fundin, A. & Johansson, P. E. (Eds.). (2017). Innovative Quality Improvements in Operations. Springer-Verlag New York
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovative Quality Improvements in Operations
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book examines current and emerging challenges in manufacturing related to the ideal of developing production processes with variability and agility on one level of the system, combined with structures ensuring stability and robustness on another level; close to what by other scholars has been discussed in terms of continuous innovation.  However, this ideal has proven to be difficult to achieve in practice, and there is a need for enhanced and more sophisticated theoretical models dealing with the complexity surrounding organizational conditions to foster incremental as well as radical change in production systems, and, at the same time to ensure stability over time.

As a theoretical frame of reference, a perspective on change where conflicting demands and conflicting activities, e.g., exploration and exploitation, are seen as intertwined and interdependent, is used throughout the book. The ideal from this perspective is to make use of such conflicting forces and to develop the change dynamics by keeping them in the same social system, not to structurally separate them in different departments or different initiatives.

The main purpose of the book is to address an increased need for quality improvement through innovation and disruptive change in production. Traditional theories and managerial models of production systems are developed with a focus on stability and improvement. There is a need for enhanced models to reach an ability to develop new future production systems. The goal of the book is to provide nuances and new perspectives giving more realistic models of the production system to be able to increase the change potentiality of the organization and thus the long-term competiveness. Learning and organizational perspectives are in focus as enablers to increase the understanding of a production system as such. Long-term competitiveness through adaptability and the potential for radical improvement is of importance throughout the book. The use of dualities and the concept of ambidextrous organizations as a frame of understanding is the innovative strength for this area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2017
Series
Operations Research & Management Science
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-42874 (URN)978-3-319-55985-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-03-06 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved
Backström, T., Fundin, A. & Johansson, P. (2017). Introduction. In: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255: (pp. 1-8). Springer New York LLC
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction
2017 (English)In: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is well known that the development of successful business and production systems are full of conflicting forces; initiatives that seem conducive to one line of work can be a constraint on another line of work. This kind of dilemma is the core subject of the current book, and by applying alternative perspectives to such dilemmas, the book will present ideas on how these could be managed in organizations. Organizations need to manage a number of challenges in terms of dualities in order to create a contemporary production system, which seems to be key to future innovative quality improvements in operations. The challenges and dichotomies that are addressed in this book are all part of four interrelated processes that together constitute key elements of a contemporary production system: The innovation process—creation and implementation of new offerings and solutions, The production process—production and distribution of offerings and solutions, The knowledge creation process—emergence and distribution of knowledge, The value creation process—created customer value based on the offerings and solutions developed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer New York LLC, 2017
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36197 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-55985-8_1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85024503784 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-55984-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-10 Created: 2017-08-10 Last updated: 2017-08-10Bibliographically approved
Berglund, R., Hultgren, U. & Backström, T. (2017). Kan ett systematiskt arbete med psykosociala riskbedömningar påverka psykosocialt säkerhetsklimat?. In: Forum för Arbetslivsforskning (FALF), Alnarp, 13-15 Juni 2017: . Paper presented at Forum för Arbetslivsforskning. Online
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kan ett systematiskt arbete med psykosociala riskbedömningar påverka psykosocialt säkerhetsklimat?
2017 (Swedish)In: Forum för Arbetslivsforskning (FALF), Alnarp, 13-15 Juni 2017, Online, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Session 8Stress och psykosociala faktorerBeskrivning av en pågående studie: Kan ett systematiskt arbete med psykosociala riskbedömningar påverka psykosocialt säkerhetsklimat?Rachael Berglund, Ulrika Hultgren & Tomas BackströmStressrelaterad ohälsa i arbetslivet kostar Europa €617 miljard om året och påverkar 40 miljoner enligt International Labour Organisation (ILO). Det psykosociala säkerhetsklimatet (PSK) lig-ger till grund för hur en organisation eller arbetsgrupp verkligen mår. Enligt lagstiftningen idag i Europa ska alla arbetsplatser arbeta förebyggande för att eliminera eller minska identifierade riskfaktorer, vilket inkluderar psykosociala risker. Denna studie har som syfte att undersöka om ett systematiskt arbete med riskbedömningar av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön kan påverka det psykosociala säkerhetsklimatet, välbefinnande och arbetets effektivitet i arbetsgrupper. Två glo-bala industriföretag i Sverige ingår i studien. Interventionen riktar sig mot ledare och förväntas påverka cirka 200 medarbetare per företag. Undersökningen har en kvasiexperimentell design med kontrollgrupp. Enkäter som mäter PSK, stressorer, välbefinnande och effektivetet används vid tre tidpunkter: en mätning före interventionen, en efter och en mätning efter ytterligare sex månader. Interventionen innefattar tre faser. Under fas 1 utbildas ledarna i psykosocial säker-het, PSK, riskbedömningar och team-coaching. Vid fas 2 arbetar ledaren tillsammans med sin arbetsgrupp för att upprätta och följa en handlingsplan med syfte att eliminera eller minska arbetsgruppens prioriterade risker. Fas 3 överlappar delvis med fas 2 och innehåller fyra möten med fokus på psykosocial säkerhet där chefen träffar sina peers för chefsstöd och för att stärka coachningsbeteenden. Studien är unik eftersom PSK tidigare inte har används tillsammans med Health and Safety Executives’s management standards och dessutom för att team coachning används i ett systematiskt arbete med psykosociala riskbedömningar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Online: , 2017
Keywords
Psykosocial riskbedömning, Psykosocial säkerhetsklimat, kvasiexperimentell design, longitudinell
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44944 (URN)
Conference
Forum för Arbetslivsforskning
Funder
AFA Insurance, 160088
Available from: 2019-08-01 Created: 2019-08-01 Last updated: 2019-08-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1277-4877

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