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Publications (10 of 24) Show all publications
Chirumalla, K., Kulkov, I., Parida, V., Dahlquist, E., Johansson, G. & Stefan, I. (2024). Enabling battery circularity: Unlocking circular business model archetypes and collaboration forms in the electric vehicle battery ecosystem. Technological forecasting & social change, 199, Article ID 123044.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enabling battery circularity: Unlocking circular business model archetypes and collaboration forms in the electric vehicle battery ecosystem
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2024 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 199, article id 123044Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Achieving battery circularity is crucial for meeting the targets of net-zero emission vehicles by 2030 and enabling climate-neutral transportation by 2050. To facilitate this transition, firms operating in the electric vehicle (EV) battery ecosystem must reassess their value creation, capture, and delivery methods. Although EV battery second life presents a promising solution for circularity, many vehicle manufacturers and stakeholders in the battery ecosystem struggle to adapt their organizations internally and externally due to a lack of insights into suitable circular business models. The purpose of this study is to identify viable archetypes of circular business models for EV battery second life and examine their implications on company collaborations within the EV battery ecosystem. Three main archetypes of circular business models are identified (i.e., extending, sharing, and looping business models) and further divided into eight sub-archetypes. These models are elucidated in terms of key business model dimensions, including value proposition, value co-creation, value delivery, and value capture. The paper provides visual representations of the necessary interactions and collaborations among companies in the EV battery ecosystem to effectively implement the proposed business model archetypes. This research contributes to the theory of circular business models in general, with specific relevance to EV battery circularity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Inc., 2024
Keywords
Battery second life, Business model innovation, Circular economy, Climate neutrality, EV batteries, Second life applications, Climate models, Electric vehicles, Secondary batteries, Business models, Electric vehicle batteries, Second Life, Second life application, Value delivery, business development, electric vehicle, emission control, environmental policy, innovation, theoretical study, Ecosystems
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-65148 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2023.123044 (DOI)001132740900001 ()2-s2.0-85179128201 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-12-21 Created: 2023-12-21 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Kulkov, I., Kulkova, J., Rohrbeck, R., Menvielle, L., Kaartemo, V. & Makkonen, H. (2023). Artificial intelligence ‐ driven sustainable development: Examining organizational, technical, and processing approaches to achieving global goals. Sustainable Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Artificial intelligence ‐ driven sustainable development: Examining organizational, technical, and processing approaches to achieving global goals
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2023 (English)In: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study presents a comprehensive literature review using a systematic approach to explore the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in promoting sustainable development in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The systematic review approach was applied to collect and analyze topics, and the literature search was conducted in two stages, encompassing 57 articles that met the research requirements. Our analysis reveals that AI's contribution to sustainability is concentrated within three key areas: organizational, technical, and processing aspects. The organizational aspect focuses on the integration of AI in companies and industries, addressing barriers to implementation and the relationship between companies, partners, and customers. The technical aspect highlights the development of AI algorithms that can address global challenges and contribute to the growth of stability and development in society. The processing aspect emphasizes the internal transformation of companies, their business models, and strategies in response to AI integration. Our proposed conceptual model outlines the essential elements organizations must consider when incorporating AI into their sustainability efforts, such as strategic alignment, infrastructure development, change management, and continuous improvement. By addressing these critical aspects, organizations can harness the potential of AI to drive positive social, environmental, and economic outcomes, ultimately contributing to the achievement of the SDGs. The model serves as a comprehensive framework for organizations seeking to leverage AI for sustainable development, but it should be adapted to individual contexts to ensure its relevance and effectiveness.

Keywords
artificial intelligence, organizational transformation, sustainability strategy, sustainable development goals, technological integration
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64582 (URN)10.1002/sd.2773 (DOI)001080206000001 ()2-s2.0-85173507333 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-10-25 Created: 2023-10-25 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Kulkov, I., Chirumalla, K. & Antonsson, F. (2023). Developing business model framework for companies operating in the second life batteries market. In: Transportation Research Procedia: . Paper presented at 8th International Electric Vehicle Conference, EVC 2023, Edinburgh, Scotland, 21 June 2023 through 23 June 2023 (pp. 307-313). Elsevier B.V.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing business model framework for companies operating in the second life batteries market
2023 (English)In: Transportation Research Procedia, Elsevier B.V. , 2023, p. 307-313Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The rapid growth of the electric vehicle (EV) market has led to an increased demand for batteries, necessitating sustainable solutions for their entire lifecycle. This paper presents a conceptual framework addressing the second life stage of EV batteries. The framework comprises three primary elements: Value Proposition, Value Creation and Delivery, and Value Capture, each further divided into sub-elements encompassing various aspects of second life batteries. Developed through a literature review and validated through workshops with partnering companies, the framework provides a holistic view of second life batteries management. The study's findings identify distinct product/service offerings, target customer differentiation, key activities, ownership options, channels and customer relationships, resources and capabilities, partners and suppliers, cost structures, and revenue models for second life batteries. The paper's theoretical contribution lies in offering a framework that guides researchers and practitioners in developing sustainable strategies for battery production, use, and recycling. Practical implications include providing a tool for companies to evaluate and improve their practices in terms of sustainability and value. By fostering sustainable and profitable strategies, this paper contributes to the literature on sustainable battery production and the circular economy, while also benefiting the EV industry and society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2023
Keywords
Circular Economy, Electric Vehicle Batteries, Second Life Batteries, Sustainable Strategies, Value Proposition, Creation, and Capture
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-65360 (URN)10.1016/j.trpro.2023.11.034 (DOI)2-s2.0-85181577345 (Scopus ID)
Conference
8th International Electric Vehicle Conference, EVC 2023, Edinburgh, Scotland, 21 June 2023 through 23 June 2023
Available from: 2024-01-17 Created: 2024-01-17 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Kulkova, J., Kulkov, I., Rohrbeck, R., Lu, S., Khwaja, A., Karjaluoto, H. & Mero, J. (2023). Medicine of the future: How and who is going to treat us?. Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, 146
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medicine of the future: How and who is going to treat us?
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2023 (English)In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 146Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Medicine’s ability to quickly respond to challenges raises questions from researchers, practitioners, and society as a whole. Our task in this study was to identify key and atypical current factors influencing the development of medicine and to predict the development of medicine in the short, medium, and long term. To implement our study, we selected 22 medical experts and applied the three-level Delphi method. The current trends caused by COVID-19 have a short-term impact, but they will launch other drivers that will transform the healthcare industry. Well-being technologies, data-informed personalization, and climate change will become key drivers for the development of medicine over the period of 1–50 years. Expert opinion is divided about the future of mass availability of advanced medical treatment and sustainable development of healthcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2023
Keywords
COVID-19; Delphi analysis; forecasting method; future prospect; health care; medicine
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-61643 (URN)10.1016/j.futures.2023.103097 (DOI)000964752900001 ()2-s2.0-85146124195 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-01-25 Created: 2023-01-25 Last updated: 2023-11-14Bibliographically approved
Chirumalla, K., Kulkov, I., Vu, F. & Rahic, M. (2023). Second life use of Li-ion batteries in the heavy-duty vehicle industry: Feasibilities of remanufacturing, repurposing, and reusing approaches. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 42, 351-366
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Second life use of Li-ion batteries in the heavy-duty vehicle industry: Feasibilities of remanufacturing, repurposing, and reusing approaches
2023 (English)In: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, Vol. 42, p. 351-366Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) accelerates, the efficient management of end-of-life lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries becomes a pressing concern. This case study investigates sustainable second life approaches for Li-ion batteries within a leading manufacturing company in the heavy-duty vehicle industry. Employing an exploratory methodology, the study evaluates three distinct circularity approaches for second life applications: remanufacturing, repurposing, and reusing. Based on a financial model and sustainability metrics, remanufacturing emerged as the most economically viable and environmentally sustainable strategy for the company. The study also explores supplementary approaches, such as repurposing used batteries for smaller power applications and reusing them in large-scale Energy Storage Systems (ESS). Regulatory inconsistencies in battery second life are identified as a significant barrier to widespread implementation. The study concludes by advocating for a multi-stakeholder ecosystem approach and calls for the establishment of universal circularity regulations to streamline the second life of Li-ion batteries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2023
Keywords
Battery circularity, Battery second life, Circular business models, Circular economy, Investment analysis, Regulatory framework, Stakeholder collaboration, Techno-economic analysis, Economic analysis, Investments, Ions, Laws and legislation, Risk assessment, Vehicles, Business models, Circular business model, Regulatory frameworks, Second Life, Lithium-ion batteries
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-64622 (URN)10.1016/j.spc.2023.10.007 (DOI)001148430900001 ()2-s2.0-85174158758 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-10-26 Created: 2023-10-26 Last updated: 2024-02-07Bibliographically approved
Kulkov, I., Kulkova, J., Leone, D., Rohrbeck, R. & Menvielle, L. (2023). Stand-alone or run together: artificial intelligence as an enabler for other technologies. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stand-alone or run together: artificial intelligence as an enabler for other technologies
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2023 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in transforming the healthcare sector, with a focus on how AI contributes to entrepreneurship and value creation. This study also aims to explore the potential of combining AI with other technologies, such as cloud computing, blockchain, IoMT, additive manufacturing and 5G, in the healthcare industry. Design/methodology/approach: Exploratory qualitative methodology was chosen to analyze 22 case studies from the USA, EU, Asia and South America. The data source was public and specialized podcast platforms. Findings: The findings show that combining technologies can create a competitive advantage for technology entrepreneurs and bring about transitions from simple consumer devices to actionable healthcare applications. The results of this research identified three main entrepreneurship areas: 1. Analytics, including staff reduction, patient prediction and decision support; 2. Security, including protection against cyberattacks and detection of atypical cases; 3. Performance optimization, which, in addition to reducing the time and costs of medical procedures, includes staff training, reducing capital costs and working with new markets. Originality/value: This study demonstrates how AI can be used with other technologies to cocreate value in the healthcare industry. This study provides a conceptual framework, “AI facilitators – AI achievers,” based on the findings and offer several theoretical contributions to academic literature in technology entrepreneurship and technology management and industry recommendations for practical implication. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Publishing, 2023
Keywords
Analytics, Artificial intelligence, Conceptual framework, Health care, Performance optimization, Security
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-65012 (URN)10.1108/IJEBR-02-2023-0169 (DOI)001110965400001 ()2-s2.0-85178230612 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-12-13 Created: 2023-12-13 Last updated: 2023-12-21Bibliographically approved
Kulkov, I., Hellström, M., Tsvetkova, A. & Malmberg, J. (2023). Sustainable Cruise Tourism: Systematic Literature Review and Future Research Areas. Sustainability, 15(10), Article ID 8335.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Cruise Tourism: Systematic Literature Review and Future Research Areas
2023 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, no 10, article id 8335Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The cruise shipping industry has existed for centuries. However, sustainability is a relatively new trend that could make a big difference and someday impact the industry. A growing body of research on sustainable cruise tourism includes studying changes among industry stakeholders, internal and external processes, and more. However, until now, there have been no comprehensive and systematic reviews of the academic literature on this topic and proposals for future research areas. The sample for our research consists of 56 articles structured into the following themes and subthemes: (1) corporate social responsibility (public interaction and emissions management); (2) territory management (collaboration with stakeholders and infrastructure development); (3) training in sustainable behavior (passengers, ship personnel, and other stakeholders). These themes fully explore the various use cases for sustainable cruises, forming a conceptual framework for understanding trends for the industry's sustainable development. We direct the attention of other researchers to the following areas for further research: GHG emissions of cruising; biodiversity impacts; quantitative understanding of the target audience and their participation in sustainability financing; in-depth understanding of the reasons for cooperation between stakeholders; identifying the true motivation for participation in sustainable development; the long-term trends; and how the shipping industry is adapting to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
literature review, sustainability, cruise tourism, corporate social responsibility, territory management, training
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-63193 (URN)10.3390/su15108335 (DOI)000996068300001 ()2-s2.0-85160693365 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-06-14 Created: 2023-06-14 Last updated: 2023-11-14Bibliographically approved
Kulkov, I., Ivanova-Gongne, M., Bertello, A., Makkonen, H., Kulkova, J., Rohrbeck, R. & Ferraris, A. (2023). Technology entrepreneurship in healthcare: Challenges and opportunities for value creation. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, 8(2), Article ID 100365.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology entrepreneurship in healthcare: Challenges and opportunities for value creation
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, ISSN 2530-7614, E-ISSN 2444-569X, Vol. 8, no 2, article id 100365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The healthcare industry is nowadays increasingly forced to adapt to new fast-paced changes, despite its conservatism. Indeed, the number of new technology entrepreneurs and technology value is increasing. In this study, we use modern literature and illustrative cases to identify patterns of technological value creation in the healthcare industry with the purpose to form an understanding of the challenges and opportunities for technology entrepreneurs. Hence, we propose a new challenges-opportunities framework for understanding technology entrepreneurship (i.e., technology innovation, technology proactivity, and technology risk-taking) as a foundation for value creation concerning the needs of patients, medical personnel and hospitals, and the whole industry. We also end the article by outlining practical implications at the micro-level (i.e., patient advocacy and technology-enabled engagement strategies), meso-level (i.e., digital health solutions and motivation for collaboration), and macro-level (i.e., trust building and infrastructure). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2023
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Healthcare, Technology, Value creation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-62370 (URN)10.1016/j.jik.2023.100365 (DOI)001005736600001 ()2-s2.0-85153043607 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-05-03 Created: 2023-05-03 Last updated: 2023-11-14Bibliographically approved
Ivanova-Gongne, M., Torkkeli, L., Hannibal, M., Uzhegova, M., Barner-Rasmussen, W., Dziubaniuk, O. & Kulkov, I. (2022). Cultural sensemaking of corporate social responsibility: A dyadic view of Russian-Finnish business relationships. Industrial Marketing Management, 101, 153-164
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural sensemaking of corporate social responsibility: A dyadic view of Russian-Finnish business relationships
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2022 (English)In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 101, p. 153-164Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

International Management (IM) needs a better understanding of how managers of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) make sense of cultural differences in international business relationships, especially regarding corporate social responsibility (CSR) in relationships between firms from emerging and developed countries. We address this lacuna by uncovering how dyads of Russian and Finnish SME managers, engaged in mutual international business relationships, construct their understanding of CSR. The findings indicate that conceptualizations of CSR are embedded both in SME managers' cultural backgrounds and in the contextual environment. This extends previous research on the role of CSR in IM and respond to calls to study the microfoundations of CSR and internationalization, adding to the sparse knowledge of CSR in cross-cultural SME settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2022
Keywords
International management, International business relationships, SMEs, Corporate social responsibility, Sensemaking, Microfoundations
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-60620 (URN)10.1016/j.indmarman.2021.12.010 (DOI)000768200500012 ()2-s2.0-85121792083 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-11-16 Created: 2022-11-16 Last updated: 2023-11-14Bibliographically approved
Tsvetkova, A., Kulkov, I., Busquet, C., Kao, P.-J. -. & Kamargianni, M. (2022). Implications of COVID-19 pandemic on the governance of passenger mobility innovations in Europe. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 14, Article ID 100581.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implications of COVID-19 pandemic on the governance of passenger mobility innovations in Europe
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2022 (English)In: Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ISSN 2590-1982, Vol. 14, article id 100581Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the passenger transportation sector is disrupted by the emergence of myriad technological and business model innovations such as automated mobility, shared mobility and Mobility-as-a-Service, new and improved governance models are required. The COVID-19 pandemic can be seen as yet another disruption, stressing the need for a more proactive and inclusive governance. This article aims to juxtapose the need for collaborative, adaptive and outcome-based governance models in the mobility sector before and after the pandemic started. First, we analyse the governance needs and trends related to mobility innovations that were identified during two workshops with public and private actors in the mobility sector and through an extensive research of new governance models already applied in many European countries. Second, we analyse the impact of COVID-19 on mobility governance, focusing specifically on mobility innovations. Based on the analysis, we draw conclusions regarding the long-term trends in how the governance of mobility innovations will be affected by the ongoing pandemic. © 2022 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2022
Keywords
Disruptive innovation, Governance, Governance response, Mobility, Pandemic
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-60629 (URN)10.1016/j.trip.2022.100581 (DOI)001106481500012 ()2-s2.0-85126582727 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-11-16 Created: 2022-11-16 Last updated: 2024-01-24Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4521-4742

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