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Cernerud, Lars
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Keller, C. & Cernerud, L. (2007). Acceptance of e-learning environments in public health education: A comparative study in Sweden, Norway and lithuania. In: XXXIX ASPHER Annual Conference in Valencia 2007: .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acceptance of e-learning environments in public health education: A comparative study in Sweden, Norway and lithuania
2007 (English)In: XXXIX ASPHER Annual Conference in Valencia 2007, 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Theme: Research

Authors:

PhD Candidate, Christina Keller, MSc , Department of Informatics, Jönköping International Business School, PO Box 1026, SE-551 11 Jönköping, Sweden

Associate Professor, Lars Cernerud, MD, MPH, PhD, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences, Mälardalen University, PO Box 883, SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden

Title: Acceptance of e-learning environments in public health education: a comparative study in Sweden, Norway and Lithuania

Objectives: The objectives of the research study were to explore factors influencing acceptance of e-learning environments among academic staff and students in public health education.

Introduction: A cross-cultural study was performed at public health departments at three European universities: in Sweden, Norway and Lithuania. At all three universities, e-learning environments were used in public health courses and programs to provide distance learning in a blended learning environment. Before and between lectures and seminars on campus, the e-learning environment was used for storage and retrieval of course material, group work and posting of assignments. The degrees of acceptance of the e-learning environment were estimated by performing interviews with academic staff and distributing a students’ survey questionnaire.

Results: The findings of the study revealed substantial differences in degrees of acceptance between the universities. The lowest degree of acceptance was found at the Swedish university, due to an organizational culture depicting teaching face-to-face on campus as an indispensable part of public health education. The highest degree of acceptance were found at the Lithuanian university, where the e-learning environment was considered as a means of better communication with students and an important tool for collaboration with other educational institutions. At the Norwegian university, the acceptance of the e-learning environment initially was hampered by the notion of “academic freedom”, which was brought up as an excuse for academic staff to resist organizational change. However, the resistance gradually failed and the acceptance of the e-learning environment increased.

Conclusions and discussion: The considerable differences between the three European universities could be explained by differences in organizational culture and national culture. At the two Scandinavian universities, there was skepticism of change inherent in the organizational culture. At the Lithuanian university, the organizational culture portrayed innovations to be something positive.

Keywords: E-learning, Public Health Education, organisational culture, national culture

Keywords
E-learning, Public Health education, Organisational Culture, National Culture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3812 (URN)
Available from: 2007-10-29 Created: 2007-10-29 Last updated: 2022-10-28
Cernerud, L. (2007). Salutogenic Effects of Music. In: XXXIX ASPHER Annual Conference in Valencia 2007: .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Salutogenic Effects of Music
2007 (English)In: XXXIX ASPHER Annual Conference in Valencia 2007, 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Category: Research

Subject: Health promotion: Essential dimensions, services and educational needs

Author: Lars Cernerud, MD, MPH, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences, Mälardalen University, PO Box 883, SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden

Title: Salutogenic effects of music

Objective: The objective was to explore salutogenic effects of singing in choir.

Introduction: There is evidence for endocrinological, neurological, physiological, psychological and sociological influence of music on human health. Music used in medical therapy is proportionately well described and established. However, the salutogenic effects of music on human well being need scrutiny. Listening to music, practicing music and creating music are means by which music may act salutogenic. Practisers may sing or use instruments alone (as soloists) or in group (choir or orchestra). In the present study members of church choirs were asked about self perceived benefits and disadvantages for health by singing in choir.

Results: There was a strong agreement about the enhancing effects on well being among the choir singers. Joy, stimulation, concentration and relaxation were common experiences. The choir was also denoted as a retreat for feelings, creative work and social community. The church choir members also highlighted some negative (non-salutogenic) aspects of singing in choir, which are worthwhile to go deeper into for analysis and discussion.

Discussion and Conclusion: In this study the psychological and sociological aspects of practising music in group were obvious. Actually the answers might also have been received from i.e. members of the church sewing association. However, the members of the church choirs have one thing in common, the love of singing church music together and the feelings evoked by it. This makes them stick together and experience salutogenic feelings. There are examples of nations under occupation where a strong culture of singing in choir helps citizens to stand the hardship and survive mentally.

Keywords: Salutogenic factors, Music, Singing, Choir

Keywords
Salutogenic Factors, Music, Singing, Choir
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3814 (URN)
Available from: 2007-10-29 Created: 2007-10-29 Last updated: 2023-05-17Bibliographically approved
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