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  • Lindgren, Jonna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Mulder Hansson, Linn
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kvinna - Den kulturella betydelsen av infertilitet: PM för en tänkt kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johansson, Carl
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Psychosocial development in intensive home rehabilitation: Amongst older adults in post-hospital treatment2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. According to the Swedish ministry of social affairs, the future care for older adults must have a higher degree of psychosocial wellbeing weaved in to it. It must also be cost effective to smoothen the approaching demographic transition (SOU 2017:21). This study aims to present an understanding of how psychosocial wellbeing can increase amongst older adults after a hospital stay by implementing intensive home rehabilitation (IHR). Method. In this study a pre-test, post-test design with control group is used to measure the effect of IHR on psychosocial wellbeing amongst older adults. The intervention group received IHR, and the control group ordinary home service. The results of the effect measurement are interpreted thru symbolic interactionism and role theory. Results and analysis. Psychosocial wellbeing did increase for those who received IHR. But not sole due to the intervention. Psychosocial wellbeing in IHR can be achieved in many ways. One of the ways could be to use social workers as social counsellors, as they are in this study. But they can also be used as strategic persons who can ensure a holistic view of the rehabilitation, creating social relations, handling asymmetric power relations and creating favourable conditions for participation.

  • Kollberg, Amanda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kovacs Molander, Ina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Vad skrattar ni åt?: Om humor inom olika yrken2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Haglind-Eriksson, Frida
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Likabehandling: En kvalitativ studie om grundskolepersonals upplevelser kring likabehandling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Discrimination and offensive treatment has a negative impact on the wellbeing of people how is exposed to it. Since health is a human right and all individuals have the right to achieve a health as good as possible the work towards this is important. The school is a place where the children and youths spend much of their time and the personal at the school has an important role in the work with everybody’s equal value. The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of how the staff is experiencing the work with equal treatment in schools including norms, values and offensive treatment.

    This is a qualitative study where the author studied how staff at primary schools work with equal treatment. Six people who work in primary school were interviewed regarding the equal treatment, the work with offensive behaviour, norms and values, and equal treatment plans. The result was related to norm criticisms, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, and intersectionality in order to illustrate how the staff through norm criticisms can affect the stereotypical notions that exist. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs was used to predict certain behaviours that might explain way abusive treatment occurs and by using intersectionality to illustrate how the questioning of norms clarify the power between relations and structures that are exclusively.

    The conclusion of the study was that the staff fells that the norms and values influence in how offensive treatment occurs. That equality treatment is important for the students to feel involved and to creating a secure environment and that the work with equal treatment needs to be continued and should be included more in schools to prevent discrimination and offensive treatment.

    Keywords: Equal treatment. Offensive treatment. Norm criticism. Intersectionality. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Qualitative method. 

  • Sjöberg, Niklas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Reliability comparison of wireless protocols IEEE 802.15.1 and IEEE 802.15.42016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kareliusson, Joakim
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Automatic Planning of Collaborating Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration between autonomous robots allows for complex mission to be executed more eciently.A collaborative mission typically consists of a number of robots and tasks where the robots havedierent roles and need cooperatively assign the tasks to the team resulting in a faster overall missionexecution time. Furthermore, certain tasks may require more than one robot for successful executionwhich further extend the application areas of the systems.

    In this work, a team of unmanned aircraft is considered. Aircraft operate in dynamic environmentswhere the conditions for the team can quickly change. Under such circumstances, the team mustbe able to independently update the current plan in real-time on embedded computers on-boardthe aircraft during mission execution in a fast and predictable manner. The planning system has togenerate good quality solutions and fulll certain application specic requirements set by the company.

    The work starts by presenting a limited structured literature review within the multi-agent taskplanning domain with specic focus on important criteria for the aircraft domain, namely real-timeperformance, connectivity requirements and solution quality. With the review as a basis, two marketbased approaches are modied and extended upon the handle the application specic requirements.Simulations show that the resulting systems produce good quality and conict free plans regardless ofinconsistencies in situational awareness among the aircraft. The two approaches are numerically analyzedwith respect to the above-mentioned criteria, and show promising results for real-time planningand replanning in dynamic environments.

  • Åmansson, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SMS) FÖR FLYGUNDERHÅLL PART-1452016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This literature study covers the Safety Management System (SMS), a relatively new concept and working method within the aviation industry to work with flight safety and initiated by what is now the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a United Nation (UN) specialized agency. SMS was developed since work with flight safety has become increasingly difficult to identify individual factors that cause accidents, but to a greater extent a chain of factors when an accident occurred. SMS is a systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, responsibilities, policies and procedures. SMS includes safety policy and objectives, risk management, safety assurance and safety promotion. The Swedish Transport Agency published in 2013 a Swedish State Safety Program (SSP) with requirements for SMS in other areas in aviation. European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) published in 2013, a proposal with requirements of SMS to the maintenance organizations (Part-145), which has not yet been established and published. The objective was to clarify how the implementation work continues for SMS in Swedish Part-145 organizations, the factors that can complicate the work, as well as highlighting opportunities and challenges in the implementation of the SMS. Also to get an understanding of the difference between today's safety work in relation to the implemented SMS in aviation maintenance. The work was limited to SMS within Swedish aviation industry and maintenance Part-145 and the work is based on sources from ICAO, EASA, Swedish Transport Agency, relevant literature and research as well as a qualitative interview with a representative of the Swedish Transport Agency. The conclusion is that there is at today strong indications that EASA will publish a legislative proposal the summer of 2018, which applies to maintenance organizations (Part-145), and that these organizations will then have two years to implement the new requirements. Further reporting requirements, risk assessment and clear demands on documentation are important differences between today's requirements and the new requirements of the SMS. Furthermore, it can be stated that the risk in the implementation of SMS is that it complicates implementation more than needed, do not customize the system to their own organization, the routines then will not be use alternative insufficient resources, or that after the implementation the organization do not continuously work with the SMS. We can also conclude that the success factors to obtain effective SMS includes education and management commitment and that the SMS adapts to the organization's operations and is well integrated in the daily activities.

  • Billman, Albin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Solving flow shop problems using a forward-chaining partial-order planner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Planning is the task of putting together a sequence of actions that takes a start state to a goal state. Since planning is a crucial part of human intelligence it is also a crucial part of artificial intelligence. As with human planning there are many different ways of AI planning and many different problems to plan. This thesis aims to discover how well a specific way of AI planning performs on a specific sort of problem. The planner that was investigated is called the POPF planner which is a forward-chaining partial-order planner which is an attempt at merging two different ways of planning. This was done to see how well this relatively uncommon method of planning compares to other more traditional methods of planning such as forward-chaining planners when solving a flow shop problem. A flow shop problem is a problem regarding minimizing the idle time for a facility that contains a number of m machines that need to do n jobs. Each of the n jobs 1…n have to be processed on m machines 1…m in that order. Tests were done to see how the POPF planner performed in comparison to planners that work differently. This was done by creating a flow shop problem suitable for testing and then testing the POPF planner on the problem and comparing the results to two other planners. The other planners being the COLIN and TFD planners which both work differently from each other and the POPF planner. Suggestions were also made for how the POPF planner could potentially be improved using additional methods such as landmarks. The results of the test show that the POPF planner is better than the COLIN planner and as good if not better than the TFD planner depending on the complexity of the problem. An additional test was done using the POPStar planner that specializes in the sorts of problem that was created for testing. This POPStar planner outperformed the other planners as expected but it loses in flexibility since it cannot solve problems defined in PDDL. The final results show that the POPF planner performs on a similar level to other general planners when it comes to solving flow shop problems while still having some of the benefits of being a partial-order planner such as being more flexible than a totally-ordered planner.

  • Holmberg, Jonas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    OFFLINE SCHEDULING OF TASK SETS WITH COMPLEX END-TO-END DELAY CONSTRAINTS2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Software systems in the automotive domain are generally safety critical and subject to strict timing requirements. Systems of this character are often constructed utilizing periodically executed tasks, that have a hard deadline. In addition, these systems may have additional deadlines that can be specified on cause-effect chains, or simply task chains. They are defined by existing tasks in the system, hence the chains are not stand alone additions to the system. Each chain provide an end-to-end timing constraint targeting the propagation of data through the chain of tasks. These constraints specify the additional timing requirements that need to be fulfilled, when searching for a valid schedule. In this thesis, an offline non-preemptive scheduling method is presented, designed for single core systems. The scheduling problem is defined and formulated utilizing Constraint Programming. In addition, to ensure that end-to-end timing requirements are met, job-level dependencies are considered during the schedule generation. Utilizing this approach can guarantee that individual task periods along with end-to-end timing requirements are always met, if a schedule exists. The results show a good increase in schedulability ratio when utilizing job-level dependencies compared to the case where job-level dependencies are not specified. When the system utilization increases this improvement is even greater. Depending on the system size and complexity the improvement can vary, but in many cases it is more than double. The scheduling generation is also performed within a reasonable time frame. This would be a good benefit during the development process of a system, since it allows fast verification when changes are made to the system. Further, the thesis provide an overview of the entire process, starting from a system model and ending at a fully functional schedule executing on a hardware platform.

  • Aravind, Meera
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Event-Based Messaging Architecture for Vehicular Internet of Things (IoT) Platforms2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things (IoT) has revolutionized transportation systems by connecting vehicles consequently enabling their tracking, as well as monitoring of driver activities. The IoT platform for most vehicles typically consists of 1) an on-board system consisting of the communication unit, sensors and a set of ECU’s that are interconnected using a CAN network, 2) an off-board system consisting of the applications deployed on the servers (e.g., cloud) that processes the data send by the communication unit over the internet, and 3) mobile devices like a mobile phone or a computer that communicates with the on-board and off-board systems. Such an IoT platform requires a significant amount of data to be send from the on-board system to the off-board servers, contributing to high network usage. There are two main architectural paradigms for sending data: 1) interval based architecture, in which data is send at regular intervals and 2) event based architecture, in which data is send whenever relevant events occur. Currently, (e.g., at Scania), the data is being send at regular intervals, i.e., using an interval based approach. In this case, data is send even if it is not relevant for reporting leading to a wastage of network resources, e.g., when the data does not change considerably compared to the previously sent value. Sending data in an event-based manner, when the data is relevant for reporting, e.g., changes significantly, reduces the network usage when compared to the interval based approach.  In this thesis, we investigate the possibility of using an event based architecture to send data from the on-board system to the off-board system in order to reduce network usage and improve the accuracy of the data available off-board. We first propose an event based architecture for data transfer in the context of Internet of vehicles. We then implement a simulator to evaluate our proposed architecture for the specific case of position data. Finally, we perform extensive experiments varying different parameters and compare, for example, average message size per minute and average off-board error distance. The results show that our event based architecture improves the accuracy of data available at the off-board system, by a careful selection of events. Moreover, we found that our event based architecture significantly decreases the frequency of sending messages, particularly during highway driving, leading to reduced average data transfer rates. Our results enable a customer to perform trade-offs between accuracy and data transfer rates. Future work will aim at implementing the event based architecture on a real platform as well as investigating the possibility of using the event based architecture for more accurate prediction by incorporating additional details such as the final destination of the vehicle and odometer values.

  • Lindgren, Sebastian
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    A Mobile Graph-Like Visual Programming Language2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Visual programming is a programming paradigm commonly used for game scripting, it also has applications in other areas such as for example patcher languages for music and animation and even a few languages for general purpose programming. By using visual programming complex tasks can be made easier by abstracting the code and letting the user express a flow of commands instead. This also gives a better overview of the problem and how the different parts connect. By graphically connecting nodes the program flow will be made clear even for those new to programming. Unfortunately, visual programming is mostly limited to laptops and stationary computer systems. Touch enabled mobile devices which perhaps would be even better suited for a visual programming approach are left with textual programming environments, which doesn’t use the capabilities of the touch screen, and a few non-graph-like visual programming languages, which use interlocked blocks to represent code. To explore how well graph-like visual programming would work on mobile devices a study will be conducted in which a lo-fi design is created and iteratively evaluated and improved using a modified NEVO process. The design will be created and improved based on existing visual programming interfaces and research in the area of visual programming, interaction design and information design, combined with the input from the test subjects. In this work a mobile, visual, graph-like, general purpose programming language has been designed. A lo-fi prototype of the language has been created to display how the language would look on a mobile system if realized. The lo-fi prototype was then tested with a method given by Rettig to give an indication of the systems usability measured by its task completion time compared to the task completion time of a mobile textual system. There is also a qualitative analysis on the responses from the test users. The tests were conducted both on people new to programming as well as people who have been programming for a while.

  • Jansson, Kim
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Animerad instruktionsfilm som visar en monteringssekvens2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Goldkuhl, Tobias
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Postrozny, Jakub
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ATT LEVA MED DIALYSBEHANDLING: UR ETT PATIENTPERSPEKTIV – EN LITTERATURÖVERSIKT2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Människor lever längre idag, vilket gör att antalet patienter med dialys ökar varje år. Patienter med njursvikt kan behöva genomgå dialysbehandling för att överleva. Behandlingen kan vara livslång och tar upp majoriteten av patienternas tid och sätter begränsningar i livet. Dialysbehandlingen påverkar patienters upplevda dagliga liv, eftersom behandlingen medför stora förändringar i livet. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters upplevelser av sitt dagliga liv i samband med dialysbehandling. Metod: Allmän litteraturöversikt. Litteraturöversikten består av data från sju kvalitativa artiklar och fyra kvantitativa artiklar. Resultat: När patienterna drabbades av en njursvikt, innebar det stora förändringar. De fick anpassa sitt liv efter dialysbehandlingen. Patienterna upplevde begränsningar i livet, där sociala relationer och de dagliga aktiviteterna blev lidandes. De upplevde bland annat oro, rädsla, osäkerhet, nedstämdhet, trötthet och smärta. Patienterna upplevde sig även vara beroende av dialysmaskinen, av anhöriga och av sjuksköterskorna. Känslor som frihet, kontroll, självständighet och hopp kunde också upplevas av patienterna. Slutsats: Patienter som genomgick dialysbehandlingen upplevde många negativa faktorer som påverkades av deras sjukdom och dialysbehandlingen. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskan har kunskap om och kan förstå vad patienter som genomgår dialysbehandlingen upplever, för att kunna hjälpa de på bästa sätt att anpassa dialysbehandlingen till deras liv samt att minska patienternas negativa upplevelser

  • Jin, Zhiqun
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Zhu, Shijie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    END-TO-END TIMING ANALYSIS OF TASK-CHAINS2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many automotive systems are real-time systems, which means that not only correct operationsbut also appropriate timings are their main requirements. Considering the in uence that end-to-end delay might have on the performance of the systems, the calculation of it is of necessity.Abundant techniques have actually been proposed, and some of them have already been applied intopractical systems. In spite of this, some further work still needs to be done. The target of thisthesis is to evaluate and compare two end-to-end timing analysis methods from dierent aspectssuch as data age, consumption time, and then decide which method is a prior choice for end-to-end timing analysis. The experiments can be divided into three blocks, system generation andend-to-end delay calculation by two methods respectively. The experiments focus on two kinds ofperformance parameters, data age and the consumption time that these two methods cost duringtheir execution. By changing the system generating parameters like task number and periods, thechanges of performances of the two methods are analyzed. The performances of the two dierentmethods are also compared when they are applied into the same automotive systems. According tothe results of the experiments, the second method can calculate more accurate data age and consumeless time than the rst method does.

  • Ismahil, Dlovan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Investigating Fog- and Cloud-based Control Loops for Future Smart Factories2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent years we have seen that internet connectivity has multiplied vastly and that more and more computation and information storage are moved to the cloud. Similarly to other types of networks, industrial systems also see an increase in the number of communicating devices. Introduction of wireless communication into industrial systems instead of currently used wired networks will allow interconnection of all kinds of stationary and mobile machinery, robots and sensors and thereby bring multiple benefits. Moreover, recent developments in cloud and fog computing open many new opportunities in control, analysis and maintenance of industrial systems. Wireless systems are easy to install and maintain and relocation of data analysis and control services from local controllers to the cloud can make possible computations requiring a lot of resources, improve efficiency of collaboration between different parts of a plant or several plans as cloud servers will be able to store information and be accessible from all of them. However, even though introduction of wireless communication and cloud services brings a lot of benefits, new challenges in fulfilling industrial requirements arise as, e.g., packet delivery rates might be affected by disturbances introduced in wireless channels, data storage on distant servers might introduce timing and security issues, resource allocation and reservation for controllers supervising multiple processes should be considered to provide real-time services. The main goal of this thesis work is to consider design possibilities for a factory including local and cloud controllers, i.e. look at how the work of the factory should be organized, where control decisions should be made, analyze pros and cons of making the decisions at local (fog) and cloud servers. To narrow down the problem, an example factory with who independent wireless networks (each consisting of one sensor, one actuator and one local control node) and a cloud controller controlling both of them will be considered. Selected structure allows all the questions of interest to be considered, while its prototype can be built using available for this thesis work equipment

  • Kashiyarandi, Shaghayegh
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Reusing Process Elements in Contextof Safety Critical System Developmentand Certification2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Karlsson, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Visualisering av igenkänningsmärken till grundskolor: Ett examensarbete om framställandet av symboler som uttrycker egenskaper för grundskolor i Enköpings kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetets syfte var att visualisera symboler till grundskolor i Enköpings kommun. Skolornas visioner och inriktningar har sammanställts för att särskilja symbolerna från varandra i en illustratrion som är talande för varje enskild verksamhet.

  • Graflund, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    COMMUNICATION USING ANUNDERWATER SONAR2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jayanthi Surendran Nair, Jayasoorya
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    MODELLING AND ANALYSING COLLABORATING HEAVY MACHINES2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Larsson, Moa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Isaksson, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kroppsuppfattning och sexuell hälsa med stomi: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Orsakerna till att man får stomi kan vara tumörer i urinblåsan, ulcerös kolit eller cancer i mag- tarmkanalen. Att kunna delge patient och anhöriga betydande information är av stor vikt för patienters välmående. Problem: Sjuksköterskor har ett ansvar att förse omvårdnad utifrån hela patienten. Det finns brister i att föra dialog med patienter om sexuell hälsa och att vårda med lika fokus på fysiska, psykiska, sociala och själsliga aspekter uppfylls inte alltid av sjuksköterskor. Syfte: Syftet är att göra en översikt av kroppsuppfattning och sexuell hälsa hos patienter med stomi. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt med analys av både kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Resultat: I resultatet framkom tre teman utifrån artiklarnas likheter och skillnader, dessa var möjligheter och hinder för en fungerande vardag, möjligheter och hinder för intimitet och betydelsen av resurser. Slutsatser: Sexuell hälsa är ett grundläggande behov. Vid en förändrad kroppsuppfattning försämrades den sexuella hälsan hos patienterna. Sjuksköterskor har en betydande roll i att vara informativ och att kunna ge stöd till patienterna. Att samtala om sexuell hälsa kan vara svårt, dels på grund av okunskap men även för att det är tabubelagt. PLISSIT- modellen kan med fördel vara ett hjälpmedel för sjuksköterskor.

    Nyckelord: Litteraturöversikt, sjuksköterska, stomi 

  • Deligianni, Miranda
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Könsstympning – Visuell retorik för att upplysa om ett känsligt ämne2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Female genital mutilation is a deep rooted tradition that occurs in many parts of

    the world. Immigration has increased the number of genital mutilation within the

    country's borders. Genital mutilation can present problems both physically and

    mentally. The student health department in Linköping municipality actively works

    to educate schoolchildren about genital mutilation. They need a brochure which

    will be available to school nurses in their work and in waiting rooms in

    connection with the school nurses' reception in primary and secondary schools in

    Linköping.

    This work is about practicing principles of visual rhetoric and information design,

    in order to inform about genital mutilation as well and motivate they in need, to

    seek help. Interviews, tests and theories have resulted in a design proposal for the

    brochure.

  • Lillback, Beatrice
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Löfbom-Tällén, Denise
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Men då hatar du alla män?": Feministers upplevelse av omgivningens bemötande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Feminismen hänvisar till att det finns en maktobalans mellan könen och att kvinnor strukturellt sett är underordnade mannen. Tidigare forskning gällande attityden till feminister har visat på en neutral till positiv syn men att feminister i jämförelse med en traditionell kvinna ses mer negativt. Syftet var att undersöka feministiska kvinnors upplevelser av bemötande från omgivningen, hur de påverkas samt hanterar detta bemötande. Deltagare i studien var 12 kvinnor. Materialet samlades in genom enskilda intervjuer som analyserades induktivt. Resultatet visade på både positiva och negativa bemötanden. De positiva förekom främst i möten med andra feminister, vänner eller familj och innebar en känsla av trygghet. De negativa kunde bestå av personliga påhopp och diskriminering vilket bland annat resulterade i en känsla av maktlöshet. Känslan av att ha blivit diskriminerad utifrån deras kön har vidare bidragit till identiteten som feminist. Vid hanteringen uttrycktes både direkta handlingar men även undvikande i form av rädsla.

  • Westerholm, Jim
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    "Damn good coffee": Swear words and advertising2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swear words and their role in advertising have been debated for a long time. There has been a general sentiment that the use of swear words should be avoided in ads so they would not appear crass or offensive. Does this sentiment still reflect reality or could swear words be used to good effect in advertising? The aim of the present study is to find out how a number of informants react to the presence of swear words in advertisements, and what their general attitude toward swearing is. An online survey with 54 respondents provided quantitative data, and two group interviews supplemented it with more qualitative information. The study shows that respondents reacted favourably towards adverts with swear words as long as they were not too offensive.

  • Public defence: 2017-11-10 13:15 Tentum, Eskilstuna
    Yuwanich, Nuttapol
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Occupational stress among Thai emergency department nurses: Development and validation of an instrument for measuring stressors in emergency departments2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Working at an emergency department has some characteristics, which may generate stress. In this thesis, the stressors for emergency nurses were evaluated and an instrument was developed for measuring their impact. In order to gain a deeper understanding regarding the occupational stress among emergency nurses, a descriptive qualitative design with semi-structured interviews were used in two studies (I, II), one at a private and the other at a public hospital in Thailand. Three main categories of stressors were identified, related to the activity at the emergency departments, to human factors and to perceived consequences of these factors. Nurses in both private and public hospitals frequently experienced occupational stress, which influenced their psychophysiological health, and resulted in incomplete nursing care. Since no validated instrument had been published for measuring stressors in emergency nurses’ workplace, a scoping literature review was performed and a questionnaire for this purpose was developed, based on the review and the results from the interviews (I and II). The questionnaire was validated (III) and the influence of socio-economic factors were evaluated (IV). Four-hundred and five emergency nurses in Thailand completed a questionnaire containing 59 items. The responses were analyzed using 1) item generation, 2) content and face validity and test-retest reliability and 3) evaluation of the internal consistency and construct validity of the instrument. An exploratory factor analysis was performed on 200 of these responses and a confirmatory factor analysis on the remaining 205. The analysis provided a final four-factor solution with 25 items distributed among the factors Life and death situations, Patients’ and families’ actions and reactions, Technical and formal support, and Conflicts. The statistical evaluation (Cronbach’s alpha and intra-class correlation coefficient) indicated good homogeneity and stability. The type of organization, educational level and average income were associated with stressor related to Life and Death situations. Stressor related to Patients’ and families’ actions and reactions was predicted by educational level. While sociodemographic variables had no influence on stressor related to Technical and formal support and Conflicts. Future research regarding patient safety should focus on both emergency nurses’ and patients’ perspectives regarding consequences of occupational stress related to patient safety. Different perspectives may create a knowledge-base which can be used to develop guidelines or protocols aiming at reducing nurses’ stress and prevent its consequence, such as poor patient safety.

  • Amro, Adib
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Öberg Sjöstrand, Billy
    För- och nackdelar med att förlänga/förkorta flygets underhållsintervaller2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Aircraft maintenance within the aviation industry is an essential part as the purpose is to maintain the aircrafts built-in security and reliability levels. Aircraft require approved and straightforward maintenance to ensure safe operation and airworthiness. The maintenance program's intention is to ensure that a function operates properly despite an uncertain environment. During flights, aircraft are exposed to a large number of loads, which causes components and parts to be affected negatively. Because of this, a maintenance program is presented, the program tries to constantly detect and correct any potential errors before a functional error occurs.

    This degree project is about finding out about the pros and cons of extending or shortening the maintenance interval within the aircraft maintenance program. In addition, the purpose is to draw conclusions about how airline, aircraft turbine performance and age are related to extension or shortening of this maintenance interval. The dissertation was written at the Academy of Innovation, Design and Technology at Mälardalens högskola, Västerås.

    The work process was carried out in several steps. The first step was to deepen the knowledge within the field and understand the maintenance program. This was done through literature studies and information gathering on the subject. The second step was to analyze and process the general information and answers from the interview questions. The work included the advantages and disadvantages caused by extension or shortening of maintenance intervals without affecting the reliability that maintenance requirements ensure. 

  • Granholm, Andreas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Re-engineering Sequential Software to Introduce Parallelization2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the quest for additional computational power to provide higher software performance, industry have shifted to multi-core processing units. At the same time, many existing applications still contain sequential software; in these cases, multi-core processors would not deeply improve performances and in general would be under-utilized since software running on top of them are not conceived to exploit parallelization. In this thesis we aim at providing a way to increase the performance of existing sequential software through parallelization and at the same time minimizing the cost of the parallelization effort. The contribution of this thesis is a generic parallelization method for introducing parallelization into sequential software using multi-core CPUs and GPUs. As a proof-of-concept we ran an experiment in industrial settings by applying the proposed parallelization method to an existing industrial system running sequential code. Additionally, we compare the method we propose to existing methods for parallelization.

  • Hjulström, Sanna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Näsström, Kajsa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Barnmorskors erfareneheter att delaktiggöra fäder under förlossning: PM för en tänkt kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Carlberg, Annelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Ledarskap för aktivitetsbaserade miljöer och arbetssätt2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To investigate what a change into an activitybased workplace (ABW) means to managers view of leadership in relation toemployees and how managers handles it in relation to their identity as managers,six female and three male managers, from four different organizations, havebeen interviewed. The IPA-method was used for interview analyzes based ontheories about management/leadership, empowerment and identity work. The resultshows that a transfer into ABW may lead to a passing of responsibility towardsemployees and a strategic leadership/management based on goal management, trustand an increased responsibility for social structures. An individual, servingleadership facilitates a sustainable leadership in ABW. Participants haveappreciated the leadership/management development, and no identity workconflicts has been detected. The study gives examples of changing processestowards ABW. More studies have to be done in order to investigate how ABW fitsdifferent types of organization and different types of employees.

  • Pettersson, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hur en användarguide kan utformas genom text och bild i samverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how a user guide can be design using technical information in combination with words and images in collaboration.

    I have worked from theories of readability, legibility and reading value, technical information and words and images in collaboration. I have also conducted a survey to create a user guide tailored to the target group information needs.

    Based on theories and empirical theory, I design a prototype on the user guide. I tested the prototype with the aim of improving the final design.

    Conclusions drawn from this study are that an active language engages and urges users to act and that the interaction between text and images reduces training time and increase retention. 

  • Ljungblad, Jonas
    Hök instrument AB.
    Allalou, Amin
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Autoliv Development AB.
    Passive in-vehicle driver breath alcohol detection using advanced sensor signal acquisition and fusion2017In: Traffic Injury Prevention, ISSN 1538-9588, E-ISSN 1538-957X, Vol. 18:sup1, 31-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The research objective of the present investigation is to demonstrate the present status of passive in-vehicle driver breath alcohol detection and highlight the necessary conditions for large-scale implementation of such a system. Completely passive detection has remained a challenge mainly because of the requirements on signal resolution combined with the constraints of vehicle integration. The work is part of the Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS) program aiming at massive deployment of alcohol sensing systems that could potentially save thousands of American lives annually.

    Method: The work reported here builds on earlier investigations, in which it has been shown that detection of alcohol vapor in the proximity of a human subject may be traced to that subject by means of simultaneous recording of carbon dioxide (CO2) at the same location. Sensors based on infrared spectroscopy were developed to detect and quantify low concentrations of alcohol and CO2. In the present investigation, alcohol and CO2 were recorded at various locations in a vehicle cabin while human subjects were performing normal in-step procedures and driving preparations. A video camera directed to the driver position was recording images of the driver's upper body parts, including the face, and the images were analyzed with respect to features of significance to the breathing behavior and breath detection, such as mouth opening and head direction.

    Results: Improvement of the sensor system with respect to signal resolution including algorithm and software development, and fusion of the sensor and camera signals was successfully implemented and tested before starting the human study. In addition, experimental tests and simulations were performed with the purpose of connecting human subject data with repeatable experimental conditions. The results include occurrence statistics of detected breaths by signal peaks of CO2 and alcohol. From the statistical data, the accuracy of breath alcohol estimation and timing related to initial driver routines (door opening, taking a seat, door closure, buckling up, etc.) can be estimated.The investigation confirmed the feasibility of passive driver breath alcohol detection using our present system. Trade-offs between timing and sensor signal resolution requirements will become critical. Further improvement of sensor resolution and system ruggedness is required before the results can be industrialized.

    Conclusions: It is concluded that a further important step toward completely passive detection of driver breath alcohol has been taken. If required, the sniffer function with alcohol detection capability can be combined with a subsequent highly accurate breath test to confirm the driver's legal status using the same sensor device. The study is relevant to crash avoidance, in particular driver monitoring systems and driver-vehicle interface design.

  • Haider, Zulqarnain
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Continuous Deployment for Complex Software Intensive Industrial Systems2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Processes to develop and deliver software have been evolved over the years. One of the primary motivations of this evolution, is gaining the benefits of shorter time-to-market. Continuous deployment is a recent trend to deploy software to the customers automatically and in continuous fashion. Organizations adopting this trend could reach the customers faster through quick deliveries and improve the quality and productivity of the delivered product by an early feedback, and hence achieve increased customer satisfaction. Complex software intensive industrial systems are large-scale, distributed over heterogeneous platforms and interact with several sensors and actuators. Enabling continuous deployment for these industrial systems needs a stable deployment process able to cope with domain specific requirements and challenges. Notably, the required quality attributes of the deployed software product as well as the challenges introduced by the customer-specific nature of the domain. In this thesis, we formalize continuous deployment for industrial systems by identifying the main factors of an appropriate deployment process. In particular, we investigate high-level requirements, required quality attributes of the software product, and challenges in the deployment. Based on this, we propose a continuous deployment pipeline and a set of activities incorporated in the stages of the pipeline, in particular deployment and post-deployment stages. Moreover, we suggest automation support for the activities to both shorten the delivery time and to preserve repeatability and reliability of the deployment process. The aim of such a process is to maintain the quality attributes of the deployed software. We perform a case study to validate the proposed model by implementing a prototype in an industrial system

  • Häggroth, Nicole
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Flygh Johansson, Linda
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Behövs skolbiblioteket?: En studie om några lärares uppfattning av skolbibliotekets betydelse2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt Skollagen (2010:800) ska skolorna ha tillgång till ett skolbibliotek men hur den tillgången ska se ut framgår inte. Det finns inte heller någon tydlig beskrivning av hur ett skolbibliotek ska se ut vilket kan leda till många olika tolkningar. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om skolbiblioteket är en viktig resurs för skolan. Metoden vi valt att använda oss av är en enkätundersökning som undervisande svensklärare har fått besvara. Enkäten bestod av flera frågor, stängda samt öppna frågor för att kunna få en mer detaljerad bild av lärarnas syn på skolbiblioteket. Resultatet vi kommit fram till berör flera områden kring skolbiblioteket. Det visar att lärarna anser att deras egna skolbibliotek inte räcker till när det kommer till litteraturundervisning och att de känner ett behov av att söka kompletterande material utanför skolbibliotekets ramar. Enligt vår studie kan vi se att behovet av ett skolbibliotek finns bland lärarna, men att det inte räcker med en samling böcker för att lärarna ska kunna utnyttja biblioteket som en pedagogisk resurs.

  • Samir Abdulamir, Diana Sadir
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Effektivisering av kvalitetssäkringslina2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is focused on improving and streamlining a Final Quality Assurance line (FQA). The report was conducted between February 2016 and May 2016. From the studies that has been completed could several number of solutions and suggestions for improvement been identified to the problem.

     

    The student has completed a literature review to examine previous research linked to the subject. By making a research of a literature review and a case study could the student be able to draw conclusions and answer the question that are presented in this report. The issues raised in this report was:

    -          Which kind of waste could be found in the FQA line?

    -          Is it possible to reduce certain of operations without affect the quality of the product?

    -          What measures are required to improve the efficiency of a FQA line?

     

    The case study that has been made on the industrial company gave the student an insight on how the current process for the specific case that was going to be streamlined is working today. This has contributed a clear image that the student created to identify opportunities of efficiency that has been addressed in this report.

     

    After all the theories, observations and interviews with the employees and the staff could an efficiency of 36.01% been achieved in the case of this report. The efficiency data is presented in the measurement part of the section 4.4 in the report.

     

    Based on the studies the student could see that there is an optimization opportunity in quality assurance that is presented in the conclusion part. By applying the method that are explained in the theoretical framework of the section Lean tools, could a well efficiency be achieved and there are opportunities to achieve an even higher number than the number that the student could achieve today.

  • Astvik Green, Berit
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Bergqvist, Ann-Cristin
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Arbete med matematiksvårigheter: Några speciallärares och specialpedagogers erfarenheter2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att synliggöra några speciallärares och specialpedagogers arbete med elever i matematiksvårigheter i grundskolan med avseende på deras syn på orsaker till matematiksvårigheter, arbetet med kartläggning och åtgärder samt visioner med sitt arbete. Våra frågeställningar är: Hur ser några speciallärare och specialpedagoger på orsaker till elevers matematiksvårigheter? Hur identifierar och kartlägger några speciallärare och specialpedagoger elevers svårigheter i matematik? Hur arbetar några speciallärare och specialpedagoger med elever i matematiksvårigheter? Vilka visioner har några speciallärare och specialpedagoger om sitt arbete med elever i matematiksvårigheter?

     

    Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ ansats med halvstrukturerade intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Intervjuer genomfördes med sexton speciallärare, specialpedagoger och lärare i sex kommuner.

     

    Resultat: Studien visar att speciallärare och specialpedagoger ser på orsaker till matematiksvårigheter som individbundna men betonar också undervisningens betydelse för elevernas utveckling i matematik. Flertalet uppger att de använder olika tester vid kartläggningen men få menar att de använder sig av intervjuer eller tittar på undervisningen. Åtgärder som beskrivs är oftast riktade till den enskilde eleven i en-till-en-undervisning eller i liten grupp. Beträffande deltagarnas visioner kring sitt arbete med matematiksvårigheter framkommer en önskan om ett ökat samarbete och delaktighet på olika nivåer.

     

    Slutsatser: De speciallärare och specialpedagoger som deltagit i studien utrycker att arbetet med matematiksvårigheter är komplext och att formerna för det särskilda stödet skulle kunna utvecklas om samarbete och delaktighet på olika nivåer ökar. Speciallärarna och specialpedagogerna har en viktig roll för att utveckla detta arbete i skolans verksamhet. 

     

  • Blomberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Wallström, Linnéa
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Nyfiken på engelska ord genom barnlitteratur: Hur högläsning av engelsk barnlitteratur  påverkar elevers inställning till - och deras ordförråd i - det engelska språket2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The autumn of 2016, we conducted a study in a Swedish grade 2 class with the aim to identify some pupils´ attitudes to learning the English language and how those attitudes were influenced by the reading aloud of English children´s literature. The aim was also to see whether reading aloud influenced the pupils´ passive vocabulary and whether they used some form of linguistic strategies when encountering unknown words during the listening.    The data collection methods used in the study were 71 structured interviews with the pupils, simple observations of three lessons with reading aloud of English children´s literature and word tests conducted before and after the three lessons.    The study´s results suggest that the reading aloud of English children´s literature did not affect the pupils´ attitudes towards learning English significantly, but that the pupils were positive towards reading aloud during English classes. The results further indicate that the pupils´ passive vocabulary increased after the three lessons, and that about half of them used a linguistic strategy when encountering unknown words during the reading, for example use of pictures and of the similarity to the Swedish language.    A conclusion of this study is that reading aloud of English children´s literature in teaching can help to maintain pupils´ linguistic curiosity and positive attitudes to learning English, as well as expand their passive vocabulary. Another conclusion is that all pupils should be given the opportunity in class to develop the ability to use linguistic strategies according to Skolverket (2011b).

  • Atif Fakhir, Hala
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Matti, Ayd
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Undervisning om negativa tal i mellanstadiet: En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare i mellanstadiet introducerar negativa tal2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur ett antal lärare i åk 4-6 introducerar negativa tal i matematikundervisningen med hänsyn till sammanhang (t.ex. addition eller prioriteringsregler) och metaforer (t.ex. termometern), och deras orsaker till varför de gör på just dessa sätt. Metoder som används i studien är för att samla in data är observationer och intervjuer. Resultaten visar att de lärare som observerades och intervjuades främst använder sig av tallinjen som sammanhang och termometer samt tallinjen som metaforer för att introducera negativa tal. Enligt de observerade lärarna använder de sig av just dessa sammanhang och metaforer (t.ex. tallinjen och termometern) eftersom dessa lätt kan kopplas till elevernas vardagsliv. Vissa sammanhang och metaforer valdes bort eftersom lärarna anser att de är svåra att koppla till elevernas vardagsliv och de anser att det blir överkurs för deras elever. 

  • Mustafa, Lejla
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Effektivisering av interna processer i ett reservdelslager med fokus på ledtid2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet i denna studie är att minimera totala ledtiden från att tåget/lastbilen anländer till byggnaden tills reservdelar är placerade på lagerplatser samt att ankommande gods/delarna behandlas i korrekt priortiteringsordning och läggs in på rätt lagerplats. Följande problemfrågor har formulertas för att kunna besvara syftet.

    A. Vilka förändringar kan göras för att minimera den totala ledtiden för att delarna ska vara snabbare tillgänliga för kunder?

    B. Hur kan säkerheten ökas så att inleveransrader behandlas i korrekt prioriteringsordning samt att inleveransrader läggs in på rätt lagerplats?

    Metod och genomförande: Fallföretaget som har undersökts i samband med studiens syfte är Volkswagen Group Sverige AB, vilka är ett reservdelslager etablerat i Nykvarn. Fallstudien som har genomförts på fallföretaget, baseras på en processkartläggning. Data som har samlats in i form av företagsdokument, intervjuer och observationer har utförts för att kunna besvara studiens syfte. Även litteraturstudie gjordes för att kunna få underlag som kan styrka den insamlade informationen om företaget. Litteratur inom områdena materialhantering, lagerstyrning, förvaringssystem, hjälpmedel för godshantering och ledtidsanalys har studerats.

    Studeins resultat: Genom att besvara problemfrågorna har studiens syfte uppnåtts och genom kartläggning av processerna kunde alla problem identifieras. Vissa problem med lösningsförslag är närasammankopplade till litteraturstudien, medan de flesta problem med lösningsförslag kommer från handledaren som är logistikchefen och supply chain co-ordinator. Det innebär att lösningsförslagen kommer från människor på företaget som har geniala ideer på hur problem kan förbättras och förändras. Fallstudien har visat att det  finns förbättringsmöjligheter som bidrar till att ledtiden för hela flödet kan reduceras så att delarna är tillgänliga snabbare för kunder samt att godset görs i korrekt prioriteringsordning och läggs in på rätt lagerplats.

  • Lindh, Nina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hur kan information i hjullastare om bränsleeffektiv körning utformas?: -En studie om vilken information förare av hjullastare behöver för att motiveras till att köra bränsleeffektivt.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies show that instruction manuals are rarely read, and Volvo CE often finds the manual in the bookshelf at the office at customer visits. The instruction books are thus far from the users. How will information reach users? In this study I have worked with Volvo CE, Eskilstuna based on the question "How can information about how best driving economy be achieved and be designed to motivate drivers of wheel loaders to drive fuel efficiently?". Based on literature studies, interviews, analyzes and hearings, a prototype with accompanying concepts has been developed for Volvo CE for continued development. The prototype consists of a design where three factors that affect fuel efficient driving have been selected and constructed. The elements are text and image-based and then placed in an ECO OPERATOR program in the Volvo CE Co-pilot. Volvo CE already works with information via Co-pilot, which is a display located in the wheel loaders cab. Conclusions are that human centered design where the user is put in focus can be used to generate fuel efficient driving information adapted for wheel loaders.

  • Jansson, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Ljuset i tunneln: En studie i hur ljus och färg kan utformas, i syfte att erbjuda en tryggare känsla för fotgängare i befintliga gångtunnlar.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many people in today’s society feel unsafe while walking in specific parts of a city. This may be the result in lack of lightning in these spaces, and it’s possible that these spaces don’t communicate a safe passage for the users. 

    This study aims to investigate how light and colour can be configured to communicate and conjure a safe passage through the experienced unsafe places. One of these unsafe places are pedestrian tunnels, who might not be used as thought, due to the anxiety of usage. Even thou these tunnels actually exist to bring safety to pedestrians in the city.

    This thesis has implemented through different methods such as user survey, interview with expertise, and spatial observation, in order to achieve new insight into this research. An already existing tunnel in Eskilstuna partly known for its lack of lightness, will serve as my case study for this Bachelor thesis in Information design, emphasis in Spatial design. 

  • Skaghammar Jakobsén, Emma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Lindgren, Emma
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Busiga pojkar och snälla flickor?: En karaktärsanalys av några flickor och pojkars favoritböcker2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att ta reda på om flickor och pojkar i böckerna skildras enligt stereotypiska könsroller. Genom en enkät fick vi fram de fyra mest populära böckerna enligt några flickor och pojkar i årskurs 4. En intervju genomfördes även för att få en bakgrund till bokvalet. De böcker som var populärast och som vi har analyserat är

    Rum 213, Harry Potter och hemligheternas kammare, Dagbok för alla mina fans – Gregs bravader och Pax 2 – Grimmen. Samtliga böcker visar på karaktärer med både kvinnliga och manliga egenskaper. Gemensamt för de böcker som pojkarna valde, Gregs bravader och Grimmen, är att det är manliga huvudroller med mestadels manliga egenskaper. Böckerna valdes för att pojkarna blivit rekommenderade dessa böcker av sina kompisar. Böckerna som flickorna valde, Rum 213 och Harry Potter och hemligheternas kammare, hade både kvinnliga och manliga huvudroller och karaktärerna i böckerna var till största del inte stereotypiska. Vår tolkning av detta är att, precis som Hirdman (1988) säger, män och pojkar har svårare att ta sig ur normer då de representerar en och därför väljer "typiska pojkböcker".