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  • Public defence: 2019-02-22 09:30 Delta, Västerås
    Abbaspour, Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Electromyogram Signal Enhancement and Upper-Limb Myoelectric Pattern Recognition2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Losing a limb causes difficulties in our daily life. To regain the ability to live an independent life, artificial limbs have been developed. Hand prostheses belong to a group of artificial limbs that can be controlled by the user through the activity of the remnant muscles above the amputation. Electromyogram (EMG) is one of the sources that can be used for control methods for hand prostheses. Surface EMGs are powerful, non-invasive tools that provide information about neuromuscular activity of the subjected muscle, which has been essential to its use as a source of control for prosthetic limbs. However, the complexity of this signal introduces a big challenge to its applications. EMG pattern recognition to decode different limb movements is an important advancement regarding the control of powered prostheses. It has the potential to enable the control of powered prostheses using the generated EMG by muscular contractions as an input. However, its use has yet to be transitioned into wide clinical use. Different algorithms have been developed in state of the art to decode different movements; however, the challenge still lies in different stages of a successful hand gesture recognition and improvements in these areas could potentially increase the functionality of powered prostheses. This thesis firstly focuses on improving the EMG signal’s quality by proposing novel and advanced filtering techniques. Four efficient approaches (adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system-wavelet, artificial neural network-wavelet, adaptive subtraction and automated independent component analysis-wavelet) are proposed to improve the filtering process of surface EMG signals and effectively eliminate ECG interferences. Then, the offline performance of different EMG-based recognition algorithms for classifying different hand movements are evaluated with the aim of obtaining new myoelectric control configurations that improves the recognition stage. Afterwards, to gain proper insight on the implementation of myoelectric pattern recognition, a wide range of myoelectric pattern recognition algorithms are investigated in real time. The experimental result on 15 healthy volunteers suggests that linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) outperform other classifiers. The real-time investigation illustrates that in addition to the LDA and MLE, multilayer perceptron also outperforms the other algorithms when compared using classification accuracy and completion rate.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-02-01 08:00